The Kite Runner is a novel by the Khaled Hosseini that was published in the year 2003. The Kite Runner is a story of Amir, a youngster from the Wazir Akbar Khan region of Kabul, who made friends with Hassan, the child of his father's servant, Hazara. This story is positioned against a backdrop of turbulent events, from the fall of the kingdom in Afghanistan to soviet invasion, the mass departure of refugees to Pakistan and the United States, and to the rise of the Taliban government.
“The Kite Runner “is one of the well known and most popular works of Khaled Hosseini. Its popularity is easily understood when it is analyzed deeply since the book has many characters that are very close to real life, with disturbing problems, and the themes that the author raises are very relevant to the contemporary world. Moreover, the book gives an excellent opportunity for one to familiarize with the Afghanistan’s traditional culture as well as its revelations of the tragedy of Afghani people and portrays the fates of those exiled from the country. In this kind of a situation, it is particularly notable that the author tries to portray the life of immigrants in a foreign country band their adjustment to the new way of life. On the other hand, the author succeeds in perfectly showing the extent to which connections with the mother country are strong and the effect the origin of people can have on their lifestyles. Khaled Hosseini’s work is also notable from the artistic and stylistic point of view since it is well rich in various artistic devices and stylistic details which make reading of the book aesthetically pleasant and interesting hence the need to analyze the book to fully reveal its artistic power and richness.
Khaled Hosseini employs a language which targets characters presentation and which characterizes them. This means the power depicted by the language used by the author in portraying characters and in involving readers in the environment of afghan culture and life. For example the use of afghan words such as Beba to mean father, brings readers close to afghan by importing from the local language. In this way, the novel becomes more true and realistic therefore helping readers to better understand the main characters and their actions.
Khaled Hosseini also succeeds in creating clear imagery of the novel. Amir, the main character, stands out as the protagonist of the novel as he dominates in the book from the beginning to its end while incorporating positive traits. In a stark distinction to him, there is a type of bad character, Assef who is an amalgamation of evil control, and commits awful acts that are truly criminal. Assef also appears in the novel permanently and this makes it possible for him to be defined as the antagonist of the story. Khaled Hosseini also employs flashback that is seen from the beginning of the book. Scenes of the past inserted into the story, are represented by Amir’s remembrance about what huye went through before and his 1970s childhood in Afghanistan when he was a little boy while living together with his family in Kabul.
Khaled Hosseini also employs foreshadowing in his book. However, this does not mean that Khaled Hosseini makes the reader to constantly predict the future events but he most often gives hints and remarks that set up the reader for the expectations. For example, when Amir tried literature for the first time, he was totally discouraged by his father who saw no writing potential in him, but at the same time Amir was always encouraged by Rahim Khan who, unlike Baba believed in Amir’s talent in writing.
Comprehension of the foreshadowed events in the book is not seen immediately. The author in this case uses retardation by holding development of events until their appropriate time. It is therefore with mentioning the first encounter of Amir and his friend Hassan, with Assef and the caution of the latter to fire out his left eye by use a slingshot but, a promise that was realized later in the story by Amir that was revenge on Hassan and his son’s mistreatment by Assef. Correspondingly, Assef also made a promise to reprisal on the friends and in a while he executed his promise. The use of retardation by Khaled Hosseini almost close to suspense. The author seems to leave the life of characters open to the person who reads because Sohrab maybe begins recovering from a deep mental trauma he suffered from, while Amir gets to prove that he is the true real kite runner.
This novel can basically be divided into four main parts: the remembrance of Amir of his childhood in Kabul, life of Amir in the United States, the forced return of Amir to Afghanistan, and his return to the United States with Sohrab. On the first part it is possible to make an estimation that the author tries to show the reader the life story of the main character, Amir so that the reader can fully understand his life tragedy and his current state. This phase gives an insight on Amir’s life for the reason that he has been “peeking into that deserted alley for the last twenty six years” (1). It is clear that he went through a difficult childhood and that he has faced misunderstanding of his environment in his early life and it includes his father who is very skeptical about him when he states “there is something missing in that boy” (22). This period is contradicting because the main character starts learning major lessons from life and this is the reason why he suffers and enjoys from the life. Precisely, he take pleasure in the communicating with his pals, like Hassan, but, and also he learns the point to which life can be cruel and unjust when his friend is assaulted and raped by Assef. In such a case, it is natural that Amir could not fully comprehend the cruelty nature of life and childlike impracticality tends to disappear gradually. nevertheless, his impracticability has never gone since he continues writing and it is literature that most likely puts away him from the unkind life and puts off him from the full mess up and downcast that Hassan went through for being unable to get some escape from the truth which Amir found in his writing. most likely, it is because of the truth that Amir stayed put that “there was brotherhood between people who had fed from the same breast, the kinship that not even time could not break” (11) and he was faithful to the principle for the rest of his life.
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Generally, this period is the one of acquisition and maturing of the necessary knowledge that influenced the individuality of Amir. Doubtlessly, it is in this period that Amir learnt both the negative and positive side of life. The second part presents an attempt to run away from the unkindness of life that Amir has learnt at the start of life in Afghanistan. His expectations of discovering a paradise are doomed to fail because the author is focused on the principle of realism on how he depicts the main character and events in the novel meet this objective of Khaled Hosseini. Life of Amir and his family in the United States has really changed though not considerably easier. They have to get used to new life conditions and new lifestyle as the environment is culturally different. While in America Amir meets and marries his wife, becomes a well-known novelist and his dream is realized in that way. However, this period ahs got numerous challenges that continuously return the reader to realism. for example at the beginning, Amir lives in a modest apartment building as compared to a luxurious house he lived in Afghanistan, the family basically subsists from hand to mouth, and Amir is watches as his father dies slowly for he could not help.
Regrettably, as Amir’s life stabilizes, marries and becomes a popular novelist, new challenges come his way which seem to come from history and which forms the third party of the story. Precisely, he gets a call from Rahim Khan and he travels to Pakistan where he it comes to his knowledge that Taliban had killed Hassan and his wife and, more to that, that his pal was his half-brother. Besides, he had to go to Afghanistan to help Sohrab, who was the son of Hassan. Amir gets back to his motherland where he is an alien and Farad states that “You’ve always been a tourist here, you just didn’t now it” (232).
Characteristically, his task, being doing well enough, somewhat resembles the retribution of excellent power over wickedness since in the battle he shoots out the left eye of Assef who physically mistreated Sohrab and he is able to save the boy. A successful runaway from Afghanistan commences the final phase of the novel which is thought to be the most positive one as Amir gets back to the United States to be together with his family and he remains true to the rule of brotherhood as he helps Sohrab grow up. The author tries to portray how challenging it was to get better from the terrors that Amir and Sorhab went through while in Afghanistan. This is the reason why Sohrab has a weighty mental trauma which almost makes commit suicide that fortunately fails. The ending of this novel is positive and the author most likely tries to show that, in spite of all the cruelty and problems of life, there is still room for a contented life.