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People with disabilities find it had to leave comfortably in this world where there is always a struggle to survive. They face competition for jobs with those who healthy and fit. Some disabilities like mental illness, keep people who would have been economically productive out for a long period of time. The therefore remain unemployed for long terms. There are various program models used to help such people, including pre-vocational simulated work activities, they are not precisely exhaustive. That is why this paper will look at a different model, the combined coaching and guidance model or the supported employment model. The model identifies a specific job basing on the individual needs as a starting point, and trains people gradually until they familiarize with working ethics and requirements, then they are released to the job market . This study will pick on any job, for instance, a social janitor.
What is supportive employment?
This is a type of employment that facilitates competitive work in integrated work settings with persons with the most severe disabilities, and who can not access that competitive employment. These are people, who, because of the nature and severity of their disability, need progressive support services in order to do their job. This model provides assistance such as transportation, job coaches, specialized job training, assistive technology and individually tailored supervision. This model does not just aim at rehabilitating people, but to move them from dependence on service delivery system to independence through competitive employment. This is therefore the best option that I think if looked at will greatly impact in the lives of these people.
The aim of this project is to help people in vulnerable position, and this can include: training the long term unemployed to support elderly and disabled people in their own homes by providing services, in this case it is the social janitor services. This can be done 1-2 hours a time. During the employment period, the social janitors are provided with support and training to assist them build employment paths to the open labour market , to further training or to some other meaningful goal. This is also aimed at improving the quality of life of the disabled and the elderly through the work inputs of the janitors and even through their social contacts.
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This is a good model because the personal guidance targets strengthening the life management skills and also brings about opportunities to continue from subsidized employment as social janitors to the labour market that is open not forgetting training opportunities. This model also motivates people who are disadvantaged to plan for their own future. To do this, coaching is needed to help solve some of the problems that social janitors face in their daily duties. It is also of importance to learn the ways and rules of the working life or to be reminded of them for those who were working previously. A customer relationship coaching is targeted in order to ensure reliability in customer relations. Personal empowerment is again supported by a clear organization of work and enhancement of skills required in customer.
This model can therefore be divided into four components; the first one is job placement, which is in two forms: a comprehensive evaluation of the requirements of the job and clients ability which brings about job match, and: an approach which is active in handling other factors which are not related to work like, travel, parental support, and assistance in entitlements. The second component is job-site training and advocacy which is the application of behavioral strategies to teach job skins on-site. The other two components are ongoing monitoring and job retention. Ongoing monitoring involves assessment of the behavior of the client via the collection and analysis of data from employer and client. Job retention on the other hand the long term activities aimed at maintaining the client’s level of work performance through ongoing support.
This is has clearly shown that of fundamental importance to this model, is the belief that individuals with disabilities have a right to vocational services in order to meet their daily changing needs. Supported employment can assist service providers meet those needs: the need for acquiring required work behaviors, need for experiencing meaningful work in the society, need to be integrally involved in the rehabilitation process, need for various assistance to acquire and retain employment, and the need to learn new working skills in relation to work requirements. Two questions must be asked by service providers when integrating the supported employment model into the existing vocational programs. First, are the current vocational services meeting the needs of the individual it plans to serve? Secondly, are the services provided meeting the definition and guidelines of supported employment? It is important that agencies giving vocational services to people with different disabilities, take time to evaluate services provided, gauge their effectiveness in meeting vocational needs and necessary changes to their programs to meet the supported employment requirements. It is only after doing this that service providers can be assured that they are utilizing available resources to meet the vocational needs of the severely disabled members of the society . In this model every member is given the opportunity to in their transitional employment program. This helps members to feel wanted and needed giving them confidence that they are important in the work community. It is therefore important that the society takes the initiative to ensure that all those who are disabled have an equal opportunity in life.
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