English colonization of the North America was a period of change and struggle between two different worlds: the natives and the British Empire. The difficulty of maintaining a diffuse status system which encouraged self-made men yet based "Society" upon the "old families" had become apparent even before the end of colonization. The sons and grandsons of successful landowners and merchants, particularly in eastern cities, tended increasingly to devote their energy to recreational and intellectual pursuits, relying upon inherited wealth for financial independence: Industrialism brought to the metropolitan Northeast an increasingly complicated social structure. The rise of the new rich upset the leisured world of the old families of high social standing, and an influx of immigrants threatened to destroy the ethnic and religious homogeneity which had been one of the stabilizing factors of colonial America. Thesis Warfare with Indians caused the British Empire to lurch from crisis to crisis and, ultimately, to collapse entirely at the end of the colonial era.
Indian population did not accept British Empire and did everything possible to resist their tension and colonization processes. A more complicated and specialized economy called for occupational professionalism, but descendants of the mercantile and landholding upper class had come to cultivate an amateurish well-roundedness. "Family position" was considered essential in evaluating one's contemporaries by society, but industrial wealth had blurred the lines of power and prestige between "old" and "new" worlds. Moreover, the restless atmosphere of British America was hardly conducive to an elevation of tradition for tradition's sake (Mancall 4).
Local wars and military struggle between the British settlers and Natives was a part of this policy. The formation of an Eastern Establishment, which refers to the interaction of the elites of "new" and "old" wealth, was an evolutionary, assimilative, conservative process rather than a revolutionary and radical one. The institutions associated with these processes grew rapidly both in terms of numbers and prestige throughout the period and functioned both as bailiwicks of tradition in the midst of swift social change and as assimilative associations which helped maintain prestige and power in the hands of select individuals (Mancall 16). That order gradually changed and strengthened until it evolved at the highest levels into an Establishment, and the institutions furthering each phase in the process of status achievement were altered accordingly. This drama of society and solitude, in which the wilderness, with its vast scope, strange inhabitants, and unknown dangers, served as almost an antisocial force, lent a dual character to the westward movement in America. Mancall admits that for the bulk of the early colonization period, the American continent was to remain synonymous with wilderness, and the pattern of eastern response established by earlier colonizers was to undergo only slight changes (Mancall 140).
In sum, the warfare prevented the British Empire to maintain friendly and stable relations with the Native population and resulted in constraint tension between two national groups. The image of the wilderness and a wild life as an alternative to the social order retained its power, however, and as eastern society became more complex, rigid, and urbanized in the last years of the nineteenth century, this image was to reassert itself in a cult of westernizing which profoundly influenced the American imagination. All eastern men of social and financial prestige, they were heavily responsible for a sudden and dramatic restatement of the western theme and a reexamination of the American native traditions in an industrial and rural context. But the effect of this value shift upon status groupings, at least at the highest levels, took the form of a "revolution" and the end of colonization.
Related Term Papers essays
- Psychological and Psychophysical Acting
- The Reconstruction of History
- Surrealism through the Eyes of Hitchcock
- The Walt Disney Hall
- Term Paper on Thomas Wallace Coetzee