The world as it is today is virtually a flat surface upon which all the activities are conducted in a near similar fashion. This is to mean that the contemporary era has been heavily characterized by globalization. Technological supremacies and any affiliated dominances have been quashed out by the improvements that have brought about globalization. The two articles discussed herein explain in greater lengths the importance of technology and computational advancements in the establishment of new world orders.
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Summary of the article ‘It’s a flat world after all’
The article tends to expound into great lengths the importance of technology in the establishment of globalization that has characterized nearly all the activities of the world today. The root cause of globalization s arguably advancements in the technological sector especially the computer network. An outsourcing research carried out on the technological savvy town of Bangalore, India has acted to prove these claims. According to the results of the interviews, technological advancements such as increased broadband connectivity, undersea cable wiring, cheapening of computers and subsequent widespread distribution, explosion of remote software , establishment of research engines such as Google, and adoption of proprietary software have all played big parts in the globalization process. The idea of a flat world can be likened to the functioning of the giant flat screen television (biggest in Asia) used by Infosys Technologies in the town of Bangalore. As a result f technological revolutions the year 2000 marked off a globalization agenda where platforms that invited intellectual works and ideas were formed. The information placed on these platforms could later on be disseminated and later reorganized thereby creating a variety of ideas. Bangalore is a typical outcome of a successful agglomeration of these technological advancements. Added to this, the globalization process was characterized by their distinct phases; country based, industry based and lastly individual based phases. The first phase was characterized by countries trying to own resources as well as subject other coutries to imperialistic ideas. The second phase was majorly based on industries identifying suitable markets and labor sources. The third and last phase is reported to ongoing and aims at creating the world to be like a tiny platform whereby countries like Bangalore, Berlin and Chicago for instance could coexist freely as if they were in one geological sphere of influence. By this I mean that these towns could work like they are next door neighbors even though they are distinctly apart in terms of their geographical positions. Key to the globalization agenda are ten important processes otherwise referred to as flatteners. They are arranged systematically to depict he changes that have come over time. First was the flattening of the Berlin Wall that allowed the thought of the whole world as a single space leading to processes such as increased computer interfaces. Second was the publicizing of Netscape which allowed for modifications in the internet business as well as occurrence of the dot com bubble. Third was the workflow process. The next six processes of outsourcing, off shoring, open-sourcing, in sourcing, supply chaining and informing helped create collaborative measures that flattened the world even more. The last flattener was the steroids which increased wireless communication thereby allowing the creation of a turbo charger which enabled the performance of any flattener anywhere at any time and by using any device. The result was a collaborative research criterion that formed basis for globalization. The flattening of hierarchies implies that the dominance of the western countries is soon being leveled out by the fast growing eastern cultures. Remember it is the eastern sphere that is initiating the third phase of globalization. Of importance are the side effects that come with the rapid globalization. First, there is an increased wave of terrorist groups who benefit from these technologies to organize themselves. Then there is the threat of hackers who generate very dangerous viruses that might threaten the whole globalization process especially where computers are used. Technology has therefore transformed the large fields of business, governance and societal actiivities into newer levels.
Summary of the article on ‘The world's not so flat after all’
In this case, however, the author argues that even though globalization has borne positive results, it should not be overemphasized. Global integration could face s tiff tests of individual countries being largely discordant in their activities. Globalization tends to assume the complete interaction of ties ignoring the independence of each country i.e. the variability in the economic activities and priorities. Cross border ties are positive (as expressed by most authors) but could also have their negative sides. In globalization, it is important to consider the origin of the prevalent technologies and subsequently the target regions (where) used. As evident from the poor penetration levels of Google (a search engine giant) in the Russian market, it is important that we acknowledge the fact that globalization, in part, is influenced by physical locations and as such the assumptions of reduced distance levels should be ignored. The fact that countries are devising nationalistic networks to help in their development seems to down play the overemphasis that has been accorded to globalization whereby the one-size-fits-all-countries strategy has been used extensively.
As it is clear from the two articles, divergent views on the issue of globalization and its resulting features are discussed in various measures. According to me, the first article (It’s a flat world after all) summarizes all the aspects of globalization in the most concise manner. Of importance is the fact that technological advancements play the greatest part in the globalization process that has by far characterized the contemporary world. Every invention made in the technological field seems to have a repercussion on the globalization agenda. This article tends to explain the relevance of technology in the globalization process with the requisite clarity. For sure, technological advancements are the major causative agent of globalization. (Odedra-Straub, Okot-Uma & Cyranek, 1995)