Technology is rapidly advancing; various areas in the world are implementing it to improve the efficiency of fields. The justice system is no exception, and it is trying to integrate technology to reduce the amount of workload and at the same time improve efficiency.
During the past decade, the justice system has procured the latest IT systems in order to benefit. In the United States, there emerged a desire to collect data on crimes around 1834 and Massachusetts was the first state. Entities in the United States government soon followed the trend. Technology offers rapid information exchange and brings forth many opportunities for change and improvement (Pattavina, 2005).
Countries in the European Union have developed Case Management System to allow electronic filing, and in general, electronic data. Many in the union have developed exemplary ICT infrastructure with networks for the juridical system. The networking is expanding communication across all levels, for example, among local, state, and federal agencies, communities, and others. Establishment of websites is just a method where IT can get applied, and it is already reaping benefits among communities. It is centralizing valuable information for people.
A handful of IT systems got implemented despite institutions’ desire and need to improve. One substantial benefit that the judicial system is reaping is that of accessibility to tons of information. This minimizes error in the system, thus improving the decision-making by making it rational. Databases are being implemented throughout the United States, and administered by various government agencies including the FBI, allowing inter-state access to criminal records. Among others, the systems include the III and the NCIC National Sex Offender Registry. Also IT had lessened the workload for forensic researchers and experts who before had to dig for data manually. Systems put in place are dependable and comprehensive, thereby increasing knowledge on trends and research. Although there are many benefits, the case of inaccurate data is cropping up making implementation of law and order faulty. In addition, cybercrimes are making the database exposed to alteration (Pattavina, 2005).
Future technologies, not currently in existence will be used to further communication. The first technology, which is relatively new, is the video technology, where courtrooms use multimedia nowadays in the presentation of evidence and simulations. Other innovators have been trying to create multimedia information systems to collect, arrange, and find different information gathered during the investigation. The information includes texts, video, audio, and pictures (Rogers, 2006).
In Italy, for example, video technology is used to record court sessions, especially in cases involving mafias. Although there are problems that are associated, it is slowly gaining popularity in the rest of the Union. In addition, witnesses are interrogated using video-links, particularly those in violence and sexual abuse cases. Video links are also used for witnesses exposed to intimidation by mafias.
Real-time transcription (computer-aided transcription) and digital audio recording devices are also being adopted. Moreover, lawyers can present their cases on screens in the same way people get news and information from television screens and computers. Both of these examples provide information on a screen by a simple click of a mouse or a remote. Both of them offer available multimedia and different vantage points after a few moments.
Lawyers can apply the use of software to present cases to the jury and the judge. PowerPoint presentations are used because they entail all forms of multimedia to emphasize points. Linear and nonlinear presentations are chosen depending on the lawyer and the effect he or she desires to convey (Rogers, 2006).
Technology in the interview and interrogation has a long way to go, but the steps made so far are impressive. As human psychology becomes integrated into computers, facial, and body language detection software will help law enforcers with effortlessly accurate data for their cases.
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