Shrestha & Heisler, states that United States is the third most populous country in the world, a population that amounts for 4.5% of the world’s total population. Furthermore, the authors state that the population growth continues to get bigger by the day. This has been as a result of the birth rate increasing tremendously while a significant drop was recorded in death rates. On the other hand, there has been a similar increase in net immigration. The following research paper will present the aspect of population shifts in the United States as well as reflecting on the population shift from North East to the Southeast, Southwest as well as Southern Border States.
Electoral geography of the United States
Recent United States elections are an indication that national election will be greatly influenced by changing geographical patterns. For instance, the souths have been greatly linked with the South, the Great Plains as well as intermountain West. On the other hand, the North east, the Great Lakes States and the West Coast have been associated with the Democratic States. The Fifty States strategy is what major politicians have employed so as to try and influence the nature of the map. Indiana, for instance, has been a Republican territory since the early 1960s to 2004 as well as Iowa. However, times have changed in which the nation have seen some shifts with Iowa supporting three of the past Democrats presidential hopeful.
In 1992 and 1996, Iowa was inclined to voting to the incumbent president then, Bill Clinton while the same trend was repeated when it supported the then vice president, Al Gore in 2000 when he was running against Bush. The same trend was repeated in 2008 when the state voted for the current president, President Barrack Obama . The Democratic Party has enjoyed majority support in states with larger urban areas like Detroit in Michigan, Chicago in Illinois as well as Madison and Minneapolis in Wisconsin and Minnesota respectively.
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Electoral geography in the United States is influenced by suburbs verses rural areas pitted against urban areas verses inner suburbs. The presidential elections of 2004 witnessed several counties located out of the major urban environment voting as a block for former President George Bush while most of the urban areas were mostly inclined to John Kerry. Since 1964, Alaska, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, South Dakota, North Dakota and Oklahoma have never given their support to a Democratic candidate. Some states that can be classified as republican base include Texas, Suth Carolina, Mississippi and Alabama, all of which have never supported a Democratic aspirant since the seventies.
It is worth noting that several states in the South were once strong hold of the Democratic Party, a fact that has changed in the recent past. Idaho, which had before the presidential elections in 2004 been voting for the Democratic Party, has since shifted post and voted in numbers for President Bush election in the 2004 elections. The shifts did not only support the Republican, rather Virginia which is considered as a traditional Republican stronghold, I known to have sponsored Democratic governors in 2001 and 2005 respectively. Furthermore, North Carolina has been greatly associated with the Democratic Party since 1976. Some states that have now realigned themselves in support of the Democratic Party include California, Washington, Hawaii, New Jersey, New York, Maryland, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Islands, Illinois, Michigan, Vermont and Minnesota.
There is a demographic difference that separates the Democratic Voting States from Republican voting states. Rural areas in the United States are termed as red zones where they value agriculture more than anything else. On the other hand, blue zones are influenced by the urban population where there is a higher per capita income. It is worth concluding that geographic alienation in the United States is termed as the Democratic Yankee Northeast and the strongly Republican heartland.
How the 2010 U.S Census impacts the political geography of a region or state
The Northeast and Midwest political position have been influenced by the shifting positions of people a result of the 201 census that recorded a 9.7% increase in America population. The incredible gain in this growth resulted from the West and South. The shifting patterns suggest that some States are likely to lose seats in Congress with New Jersey and New York being the first casualties. Consequently, there are states that are going to benefit as a result of the Census report where immigrants have been reported to be migrating to some states. One aspect of an increase in population is an indication that more representation might be the case. Such scenario will likely to positively affect Florida, Texas a s well as Arizona where there is vast inflow of people from different parts of the nation.
The Census data further suggests that thirty nine percent of the population live in Midwest and Northeast, a decline from fifty four percent that was the case in 1961. As stated by the 2010 Census, the State of Texas greatly benefited from the count, emerging with a total of four more seats in Washington. On the other hand, New York City and Ohio suffered a setback from the Census in which they lost two seats apart from the declining population shift. Another beneficiary of the 2010 Census was Florida where two seats swung to their favor. For instance, major States lost on their representatives in Washington while others gained additional slots. The winners who gained an additional slot each included Washington, Utah, South Carolina, Nevada, Georgia and Arizona.
The losers from the 2010 Census are Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Missouri, Massachusetts, Louisiana, Iowa and Illinois all of which lost a seat a piece. According to the Census report, the nation’s population center will realize a shift from the Edgar Springs in Missouri to the far south basically in northern Arkansas. The report further claims that the distribution of the national population will be an effective balance of the people in the nation. The Census has greatly affected the electoral vote calculations since some States have lost seats while other has gained.
The growth in the population in the State of Texas has been linked to the growth of the Hispanic population who now accounts for thirty six percent of the total America population. It is worth noting that the Hispanics are likely to play a great role in the upcoming elections as a result of these increases and this further illustrates the changing political patterns in the United States. The vast migration of people also affected the nation’s most populous state, California, from winning additional seat in the House of Representatives. The loss has been linked with international immigrants migrating to other States.
The Census grants the Republicans an edge in which they are going to command twenty nine states as well as controlling twenty five state legislatures. They are termed as the great beneficiary of the Census results in which they will control Michigan, North Carolina and Ohio States among others in the State legislatures. The transformation has also influenced the status of New York City for instance. The census predict that New York will have a smaller number of House delegation by 2013 signifying the same trend it once had in 1810. Furthermore, the census report concludes that young people will shape the future political position of the United States as they tend to give birth to more children. Despite this shift, the Census notes that this was the worst census report in seven decades being attributed to the great depression that led to immigrations.