Illegal immigration refers to the entry of foreign citizens into a country without legal documents. In addition, it is the continuous stay of a person in a foreign country with an expired visa. Illegal immigration has both pros and cons to any given country including the United States of America. The main merit of illegal immigration is boosting of the economic growth and creating diversity in the economy. On the negative side, it results in hefty government spending, increased crimes in the country, increased risks of terrorism and increased drug trafficking across the border into the country.
This essay expounds both the negative and the positive impacts of illegal immigration in the United States of America.
United States economy has been immensely boosted thanks to the illegal immigration that has brought in a large labor force. The employers and the government hire the immigrants who are both skilled and non-skilled and economic production level is easily attained since most of them are productive and committed . All the economic sectors are able to get the number of employees required for any workload due to the presence of many immigrants. The living standards of the people also improve due to better salaries than what they used to earn in their mother countries, the best example is Mexican immigrants who are underpaid in their countries but end up with better salaries in the United States of America.
Economic diversification is achieved through illegal immigration. The United States of America is a large economy, and it is said that anybody is welcome to enjoy the freedom and the fruitful economy. The existence of the illegal immigrants results in diversity as more people with different beliefs, traditions and culture is brought together under one state and economy. This is so positive because the country is globally perceived as having welcoming and friendly citizens.
On the negative side, illegal immigration promotes drug trafficking into the United States of America. Hard drugs are finding their way in the country so easily because of some innocent looking immigrants who cannot easily be suspected for drug peddling. The unchecked borders are the loopholes through which the drugs enter the country. The drugs smuggled into the country end up being widely used by the youth and other citizens thus slowly killing the country’s future generation and labor force (Haines and Rosenblum, 233). The drugs result in retarded growth of the economy as many more citizens overindulge in the habit of abusing these drugs. More so, the inborn national value ebbs away due to the abuse of these drugs. Smuggled drugs result in many illegal businesses and business activities hence some few greedy individuals become rich at the expense of other citizens.
Secondly, the government is compelled to spend a fortune to cater for the welfare of the immigrants. Most of the immigrants are poverty-stricken people looking for greener pastures. The government significantly spends enormous sums of the taxpayers’ money to ensure these immigrants have food, clothing and shelter at the expense of economic development. This is so unfortunate because the government’s attention shifts from its citizens to foreigners who should be catered for by their parent countries. The money spent on the immigrants could move the economy to the next level .
Crimes such as robbery and carjacking are also on the rise because of these immigrants who sneak into the country unlawfully. Most immigrants try to look for alternative ways of living, and many could end up as armed robbers. Those who live like street families, frequently snatch handbags and other valuables in order to bring bread home. This has created unnecessary fears of insecure environment making people walk around without confidence. Crimes have resulted in many deaths as many citizens die in cold blood and then stealing their valuables. Some immigrants practice crime as an inborn career and take away massive properties of the inhabitants . Crimes have also come up because of the civilians who take advantage of the immigrants. Many cases of rape and theft on immigrants reported have abundantly threatened diplomatic relations between the United States of America and the immigrants’ mother states.
Illegal immigration poses a substantial risk of possible terror attack to the country as the immigrants lack any official document for assessing their code of conduct and general character. Some malicious individuals in the pretext of illegal immigrants take advantage and ferry bombs and grenades into the country (America). This puts the lives of many United States lives at a risk. Malicious terrorists easily find loopholes as other immigrants and enter the country eventually terminating lives, bringing down strategic businesses and buildings in the country through violent bombings. This poses a massive threat to citizens and inculcates into them fear of the unknown. Terrorism is dreaded all over the globe for its adverse results.
In conclusion, illegal immigration has promoted economic growth to a vast extend by availing the necessary labor force. In addition, diversification of the United States economy has been achieved as people with diverse backgrounds are integrated into one economy and enjoy the freedom. On the other hand, illegal immigration has resulted in rampant smuggling of hard drugs like cocaine into the country thus increased drug abuse. The government is immensely overstretch in its spending of public funds, as it has to cater for the immigrants’ welfare. Essentially, illegal immigration contributes negatively to a developed country like the United States, thus it requires a strict monitoring.
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