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The Latino community in California is divided sharply along Catholic-Protestant lines when regarding proposition 8, a new poll finding. A majority of Latino Catholics, 57%, assert that they would vote to legalize marriage of same-sex within their state of California, this is in accordance to t he poll released on Wednesday by the Public Religion Research Institute. In contrast, 22% of Protestants alone assert that they support permission of gay and lesbians to get married. According to the 2008 United State Census Bureau Statistics, 36.6% of California’s population is made up of Latino population. In California, most of the Latinos catholic and white mainline are protestant population are in support of same-sex marriage within California. At the mean time, the majority of African-American protestants, white evangelical protestants and Latino protestant assert that they would vote to maintain the prohibit of same-sex marriage in California.
Generally, the PRRI poll discharged intentionally prior to constitution of U.S. reveals that many people from California belief that proposition 8 was not good for the state than bad for California. Almost 45%, half of the population asserts that there was no difference made by proposition 8 (Abelove & Barale, 1993). Research illustrates that Californians’ reasonable percentage consisting of people of faith throughout California religious landscape, stipulate that they have highly become devotees of gay rights over last 5 years, this is in accordance to the to the statement of Public Religion Research Institute CEO’s, Dr. Robert Jones. Proposition 8 was the amendment describing marriage as among man and woman. In November 2008, it was passed by 22% of California voters.
Abelove & Barale (1993) assert that PRRI findings proved that incase same proposition votes are carried out tomorrow, a minor percentage 51% of Californians assert that they would vote to permit same-sex marriage in contrast to 45% who asset that they would vote to illegalize it. It was also found that Latinos who hear negative message from their clergy regarding same-sex marriage are less probable to support the union. In contrast, Latinos who hear positive messages from their clergies in regard to same-sex marriage are more probable to support legalizing lesbian and gay couples to get married.
Effects of religion on homosexuality
According to Nelson (1994), research confirmed that clergy and religious organizations go on to play a significant function in policy debates regarding rights of the lesbians and gays although it is supposed to come as no surprise, this is in accordance to the director of research for PRRI, Daniel Cox. He said that the significant number of individuals who said that they would support marriage incase the law provides religious freedom reassurance that no worshippers would be forced to perform same-sex marriage incase it is in opposition to the concept was one of the most interesting finding in the survey. The bilingual poll, including England and Spanish, was carried out on 3,351 adults within California between 14th and 30th June 2010 and comprised oversamples of 350 African-Americans and two hundred Latino Protestants. The most understandable description of religion and attitudes on same-sex marriage and concepts of gay and lesbians since approval of proposition 8 two years ago have been represented by the PRRI poll.
Nevertheless, the recent passage of proposition 8 in California this month marked a step backward in the development of equality. The right to get married is a human right that is supposed to be permitted so as to illustrate a union between two people regardless of sexual orientation. Thus, denying homosexual couples to get married is facilitating disparity in California and within U.S. this concept takes on a higher degree of controversy in the Latino comunity even though the topic of homosexuality is an unmentionable in the culture of Americans. The perspective that the Latino community has in regard to the homosexuality, and contributes to the absence of acceptance of LGBT community has been influenced greatly by the cultural and religious backgrounds of the Latino community (Nelson, 1994).
Catholic religion which denounces homosexuality has influenced the Latino community greatly. As note in “Tal Como Somos/Just As We Are,” a YouTube video the concept of coming out and expressing homosexuality obstacle that one ought to battle in all their lifetime is developed by being raised in a catholic family. In the video, one of the couple have difficulty adopting Catholicism in that other ties hates the religion for accepting who she is while one has strong ties to religion. Interaction of youth with the LGBT community is affected by growing up with the mentality that homosexuality is intolerable and a sin. For instance, David noted that his childhood comprised of bullying for being different, which impacted his concept of what it is to be a gay or a Latino (Darder & Torres, 1998). In the Latino community, homophobia is well-known due to cultural identity of the Latino machismo and man. Feminine emotions are counteracted by the Latino male’s machismo culture and uphold the concept of firm, strong, outspoken male that governs the household. Hence, the concept of machismo is opposed by homosexuality and develops a threat to Latino males who stand for such outdated beliefs. The truth is that the homosexual Latino community doesn’t pose a threat to Latino culture or society, as a matter of fact, it facilitates advocacy for equality.
Discrimination and racism in Latino community
Darder &Torres (1998) stipulates that in California and across the U.S., Latinos deal with chauvinism and racism; similarly, the LGBT community is also concerned with the chauvinism and shares the same struggles. Eventually, homophobia is the favoritism of a person for being different, which is similar to racism; there is existence of fear or anger towards difference. There is an enormous population of gay lotions that are emerging and creating awareness of discrimination that takes place in the Latino community. Vote for yes on proposition 8 was supported greatly by the Latino media with TV stations like Telemundo ad Univision in addition to other Spanish radios stations facilitated the propaganda for yes on proposition 8 in order to secure the household. It is shown by the media that the majority of Latino community is still uncertain in regard to tolerance for the gay Latino community. The other form of prejudice and discrimination is opposing the gay Latino community in that one is discriminating another human being and counteracting equal rights. It appears hypocritical to facilitate prejudice towards the homosexual Latino community for a community that has been, and continues to be oppressed.
A Hispanic gay has got a particularly tough time within Latino community. Cultural taboos are powerful and gender roles inflexible. It can be hard and traumatizing for gay Latinos fighting for honor and an end to typecast to come out of the closet. Recently, the Oregonian wrote about Edna Vasquez, a young lesbian woman who was kicked out of her parents’ home at the age of 16 in Mexico to stay with her relative in Oregon. Family pressure from Mexico and denial from the Latino community developed serious problems for Vasquez, currently aged 31 even though young people within her community in Hillsboro accepted her. As a result, she is working to assist other teens to work through the taboos on homosexuality within Latino community (Shernoff, 1996).
According to specialists on the subject of Hispanic culture, men and women have certain defined tasks in Latin culture. Family care is supposed to be provided by men, a task that is viewed to be essential to the duty of the father figure within a hhousehold. Women are to serve a subordinate duty. There are pressures to be conventional to these standards which makes it hard for people who don’t live within them even though these stereotypes are changing (Shernoff, 1996).
There is no surprise that it has been approximated that the number of gay Latinos has increased as well, to more than 4,000,000 individuals since the Latin American population has grown in the United States to more than 43,000,000. One of Andres Duque’s best friend in new York, Diana de la Pava, and is also active in the gay Latino community. She credits Mano a Mano and Andres with assisting her to incorporate into lesbian and gay community and made her feel less lonely.
It is said by both activists that the broader American gay community has a stereotyped, and fetishistic, view of this Latino counterpart. In quite a number of the gay magazines are the only thing observed about Latinos and guides here in new York is pictures of naked Latino boys or meager –clothed Latino boys, this is in accordance to Mr. Duque. He also added that he was disappointed with the absence of articles that actually talks about the gay Latino community outside the sexual ultimate.
Torres & Velazquez (1998) stipulate that Just like mainstream gay media stereotype Latinos, consequently the United States media has mischaracterized Latin America and not picked up on the higher acceptance of gay individuals in the region. Mr. Duque said that they have campaigned actively to get the media in the U.S. to shift on from the stereotypes of Latin American being too Machista, Catholic and Homophobic to ever endorse gay rights measures. He wants to aim on the intensive attempts that are in process across the region to facilitate the lives of lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgender individuals.
In Uruguay, Mexico city and Buenos Aires have legalized same-sex partnerships and a bill to grant homosexual couples similar rights to social security benefits as heterosexuals was approved by congress of Colombia last year. Having immigrated to the United States with his parents from Colombia when he was twelve years old, Mr. Duque has been staying in US for over 20 years. He is tremendously proud to be a Colombian. That pride and his association with his mother country is something which he says that it differentiates them from the wider gay community.
Neither Mr. Duque nor Ms de la Pava seems to be comfortable completely in the Latino community itself, referring to homophobia as an existing trouble. Nonetheless, both of them accept that the best means to address the trouble is to focus on being arrogant and happy with whom they are (Torres & Velazquez, 1998). Ms de la Pava said bluntly that she would rather concentrate her efforts on they way they view their selves other than dedicating her energies on convincing those within heterosexual Latino community who are still homophobic to accept them. She usually says that the best means to change their minds is by illustrating to them that they are proud and happy with whoever they are and that they are not out to injure anyone.
In general, homosexuality has been a major topic across the world with the question on whether it should be legalized or not in many different countries. Some have opposed while others proposed legalization of homosexuality. In Latino community this has been the same with other part saying that it should be stopped but majority encouraging it. I would therefore like to urge all members of Latino community that they should understand each other and be given with an opportunity to choose either becoming heterosexual or homosexual. They should be given equal rights and security regardless of whether they are homosexuals or heterosexuals.
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