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Religious Authority in Ancient Rome

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Introduction

It is the study of relations the local and social-religious groups in Ephesus. Furthermore it helps in expounding the importance of Emperors depending on their political, religious and social facets of life.

Ways in which religion was an integral part of the civic life at Rome

Civil life can be described as the possession of the civil skills among the community members living together. The civic skills are the skills that are related to or of a citizen or city and for a citizen to have the civic skills they must be engaged to both political and civic life. (Applebaum, 1979). Historians from religion of Greco-Roman emphasizes on the aspects in which political loyalty and expediency while underplaying or disregarding importance of the authentic religiosity regarding to cults of emperors. The imperial cults most of the time was portrayed as the empty shells which are void of real spiritual sense for participants.

In Each city, there was a patron deity. Ephesus city was honored by the Artemis that is the nature of goddess and childbirth. (Applebaum, 1979). In festivals, sacrifices and prayers, the Deities comprising Artemis were honored. Also the strength of religious civic cult’s devotion was that the Roman emperors instead of fighting with them they impacted in identifying as an advantage

Was religious authority highly centralized or spread around

The religious authority was spread out in families and marriages in that Roman wedding were source for many of their own traditions in marriage. In addition to that they also spread in families through protection of family heritage. In addition to that, the emancipation and divorce also the adoption was the work of religious authority which was the main judges.

The sorts of divinities in Rome and how they worshipped and celebrated

The roman divinity closely resembles Greek Ares. They engaged in pursuit of the husbandry regarding the deity as god of spring that vanquished powers of the winter through encouraging the peaceful arts in agriculture. The roman and Greek god who were worshipped by two nations also had a similar duties and roles. Nevertheless they used different names. On top of that the Romans religion differed from that of Greek whereby the Greek was state religion and more ritual also ceremoniously.

On the other hand the Roman religion is practical and less poetical than the Greek. Moreover Romans had established a college of Pontiffs (religious leaders) in regulation of worship and performance of the higher ceremonies. There was presiding of Pontiffs in the Pontifex Maximus (Adkins, 1994). The Romans also had Auspices and augurs that discovered the will of gods determining the entrails and bird flights. They also had household gods Lares and Penates. These gods had great account since there was an elaborated ancestor’s general worship unlike the Greeks.

The ways Romans open religious change

The practical attitude to the religion changed whereby there was difficulty in the idea of having a single powerful god. The pantheon Roman gods began taking on today’s known forms during the dynasty of Etruscan kings in 6th century. As the Roman Empire expanded it came in contact with cultures and the religious beliefs of different countries. The passing of the roman republic into an imperial system helped the nature of the Roman religion to expand including emperors themselves. As the system gained hold it became a common practice for emperors in accepting the divine honors before they died (Adkins, 1994).

The ways they resisted religious change

The social order played a moral and the civil laws from the religions. The Romans stated living own religions aspect of life rather than typical Sunday Christians. To an extent those who fought in establishing different religion will have committed treason.

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