The death of Jesus was because a number of Jewish leaders hated him and also feared him. A number of Jewish leaders did not accept of Jesus because of a number of reasons. Some of the reasons include that he had a huge following of people, he also was not one of them. On a number of occasions, Jesus openly derided the values that the Jewish had on various issues. He also did not agree with most of their impositions and interpretations of the Scriptures. Jesus also did not follow the ways that the Jewish leaders accepted and in a lot of cases opposed their teachings and concepts on worship, morality, and even religious life.
The Jewish people had a religious culture, their life was on the Covenant they had made between the Jewish people had with God, many years before Jesus was born. Everything that the Jewish people did was in accordance with the covenant and the law of Moses as it was being interpreted by those who were considered to be the specialist of the Law. Jesus had a issue with the way the Jewish people interpreted the law and thus it brought about conflicts with the Jewish leaders. The interpretations that were in most cases forwarded by the Jewish leaders of the law were different from what Jesus taught.
The Jewish people at the time of Jesus had an upper, middle, and lower classes. It was not a democratic society, in the society the people who had most authority were the priestly class, then they were followed by the Scribes, and then the Pharisees, followed by the rich merchants, and then those who worked in the Temple in doing non priestly duties (Mali 2009). lastly, there were the common people who had to observe religious laws and ensure that they practice the laws to the best of their ability. There also outcast who were lepers and were forced to either live in caves and hills. The outcasts were not allowed to be in contact with the other Jewish people.
The Sadducees were part of the priestly class who were a type of a priestly aristocracy, also their dependents, had a lot of interest in politics. The Sadducees, were big supporters of the rule by the roman people. The Sadducees had a high prestige and a senior position in the Jewish society as they had a lot of influence because of their collaboration with the Romans authority. The Sadducees had a lot of influence especially in the Roman court. Most Sadducees were disdainful, arrogant and egotistical and they had no regards for the people who were beneath them. The Sadducees were political enemies of the Pharisees, the Pharisees did not like the presence of the Roman rule in Israel. They termed the Romans to be pagan and opposed what the Pharisees believed in (Stanton 1993).
The Scribes were intellectuals and scholars who had specialized in law and were the taught and interpreted the law and how it applied to the Jewish people. The Scribes were powerful in the Jewish community because of a number of reasons which include; it was them who ensured that the Jewish traditions were preserved. Also the Scribes had the responsibility to transcribe, interpret, and edit all the Jewish as per the laws. They were regarded to responsible for guarding, preserving, and interpreting the Law. They were all well educated people.
The Pharisees were also very senior people in the Jewish society; they had a big influence on the thinking of the people. Their main duty was to preserve the purity the Jewish Law. The Pharisees had a system of rituals, laws, and observing and governing every issue in the lives of the Jewish people. They ensured that the laws were not violated.
It is this groups of people that is the Sadducees, the Scribes and the Pharisees that Jesus conflicted with. The strong personality that Jesus had his charisma, eloquence, integrity, and showing that the people were important than the laws that existed made him to be very popular with the common people who the Sadducees, the Scribes and the Pharisees did not have regards for. Mark 2:27 And he said unto them, The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. The interpretation of the law by Jesus made him an enemy of the Scribes and Pharisees; initially it was contempt then opposition, before it became open hostility to Jesus.
The transfiguration to revealed of the power of God kingdom and the Messiah who shall one day be revealed to all. As Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:23 had prophesied that the Messiah will be man and God and most of the leaders of the Jewish people were not ready to ready to accept that Jesus was the messiah. Most of what Jesus spoke or taught was regarded to be blasphemy (John 10:30-39, Mark 14:62-64; Matthew 26:64-66;) these was not to be accepted by the teachers of the law and the Jewish leaders (Allen 2008).
To the Jewish leaders, they regarded Jesus as a troublemaker, or as a subversive who undermined the Sabbath and other religious rites, he was considered to be arrogant who thought was above other people and more. This led to the Jewish leaders to turn Jesus over to the to the Roman authorities, who sentenced Jesus to die by crucifixion.
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