Personal Relationship with God
All benevolent fathers
d) God is personal and thus the Jew constructs a personal relationship with his God without requiring intervention at all times.
God is one and any notion to trinitize him is blasphemous.
God is moral and it is by trying to suit into the speculated moral guidelines set out by him that we can be worthy of being his children.
God is the benevolent father and all should be attributed to him at all times.
e) The most important attribute is that God is One, the sole commander of the universe, omniscient and omnipresent
- The Understanding Of creation
b) That ‘God Created is a constructive premise where God is never absent in response to creativity
c) The affirmation of the notion ‘God Created ‘is a submissive stamen that espouses God as everything and that the fate he dishes us is unavoidable and beyond our control
d) There is only one spirit to which we all live meaningfully to
Personal philosophies are unsupported facts if the do not attest to sound metaphysics
The divinity is the only power that infuses the spirit with the human body and gives life.
- The Understanding of Human beings
b) Humans are vulnerable to sin
Humans are all dynamic diverse but one, created by one God
Humans are born in sin and continually err
Humans are able to choose and have been granted infinite freedom
c) Humankind is free and able to make choices of their own. It shows the extent with which man is elevated with power and freedom which he should use in God’s honor.
d) that humans are in a fix because of being open to various other perspectives and ignorance. This is because culturally I am more disposed to assessing all perspectives on the table and making an objective decision. I believe that even in religion, rationality is essential.
b) Evolution being a mere theory trying to explain phenomena devoid of cause comes out as indifferent to all basis of religion.
c) Jews traced their origin from the fact the They were a chosen people from the History of Abraham
they could allude to God’s direct intervention
to understand Yahweh’s intentions and Man’s failure to co-operate.
Tin order to change things there is nee d to put it communally in retrospect with historical events.
e) India religious assertion proposed that man should find equilibrium with nature and thus in being one with nature derive tranquility. Whereas in Judaism this is sought in God’s solace and thus nature is an element that is created to serve man and not vice versa.
Nature religions supposes the man is subject to nature and should in no way interfere, on the flip side Judaism have God solely giving man power over nature.
f) the disharmony between God’s intention and the existing social order is as result of Man’s weakness and prompt God to reaffirm his authority through intervening and changing the social order to suit his intentions.
- Understanding Morality
c) Natural law denotes the importance of the force of commandments.
Wealth is insignificant and than the desire for wealth as an ethical issue.
Sex is confined to marriage and adultery is a heinous crime
What we speak should be what we think and thus we should have pure thought.
d) Smith gave this relevance due to the fact that in day to day life it is these four that the common Jew faces most.
- Understanding Justice
b) a prophet is a chosen individual to serve as a mouthpiece of God’s will, he is appointed by God to be his messenger and guide his people through a pious path in life.
Pre Writing Prophets were documented later on and their deeds are spoken through later perspectives handed down through oral stories.
writing prophets are the later prophets who documented their work especially when men were able to write and they usually sought to cover great areas through written letters.
d) A prophetic principle is one that applies with relevance to our situation and makes our situation better through correcting our ways.
e) All prophets are monotheists who channel the message of One God and his supreme will.
b) Suffering illumines the way out in retrospect to the preemptive occurrence that caused the suffering in the first place and enables man to submit to God more earnestly.
c) Suffering is redemptive; it is a purging of sins and cleanses one of the faults that led one astray making our approach to God astutely serene.
Understanding of Messianic
b) the messianic philosophy is the return of one Kingdom devoid of suffering or inner strife where God restore humanity from his original fall.
c) the manner of the return of the messiah is both unknown though expected.
The ideal is driven by the fact the messiah will restore mankind and bring about a true utopia.
The messianic ideal is driven from a historical assertion from prophets who promise that God will hear the cry of man and finally restore men through a messiah.
d) messianic though is a belief that all men will be redeemed when God himself restores man, lifting him off the surface of pain and suffering on earth under one divine Kingdom of tranquil and peace.
Encountering God in Life
b) ideas are abstract and theoretic but observances are witnessed in their physical sense
d) piety is actions that are in conformity with the will of God and in harmony with man.
e) Sense of sanctity of all things is preserved by piety as it makes a man more humble and able to communicate to God and carry out his will.
b) Revelation is where God reveals to men his will and the things that will come to pass.
c) He is the only God
He created all things in the world and rules divinely over all
He protects his creation as a father of all.
f) A covenant is a give and take agreement which is made by two parties where both aim to keep their end of a mutual agreement.
The People of God
b) The Jewish doctrine of elections is a choice as prescribed by God of any event. They are a people chosen by God with leaders chosen by God for them through them.
c) The scandal of particularity is the idea of trapping or insinuating that someone is a snare.
d) In an effort to end persecution and through reverting to their origin the Jews could establish a strength that would help them overcome the subjection.
e) it helped them rally their numbers and influence and create a Jewish state where none existed.
- The People of the Land
b) Rabin who signed the Oslo accord made the boldest and the first real approach to solving the Arab Israel conflict.
b) the identity could that could not be maintained was when the whole identity was based on their oppressor as the unity would waver with the passing of the oppressor but cultural heritage, value meaning and relation to god would be eternally per severing.
c) the Jews are very region loyal although not all profess the same ideals in their faith
They however observe similar holidays and profess the covenant which their forbearers made with God.
They ideally share similar cultural heritage and are innately proud of their cultural practices which they maintain anywhere on the globe.
The nation is preserved in the Jewish identity that has withstood year of constant turmoil and eons of scattering.
d) The effects of the world war
The need to solve the issue of homeless Jews all over the world
Retention of Jewish identity in Jews all over the world.
The setting up of Jewish government recognizable borders and institutions.
- Personal assessment
Jewish religious beliefs are quite intriguing and as important to the Jews are relevant to humanity as well. What relates to me more is their idea of Humankind being free. It reflects on an innate desire deep within me and I believe almost all mankind in being free and self determinant. As an International student I feel free and able to make personal choices without restrictions.
Jesus of Nazareth
b) Jesus according to Jews was a prophet, a spirit filled mediator who was prophesized and brought the word of God when the Jewish community was falling to the wiles of Pharisees.
c) Jesus was an exorcist and a healer especially in his abilities to communicate with astral beings and as Christians believes a Son of God who came and helped to redeem men in the name of God.
d) Apostles during the Jewish predicament tried to reaffirm sense into Jewish wallowing in the resistance of Christianity and general socio-religious turmoil.
Rulers who wanted to impose authority realized that religion and cultural hegemony for Jews would increase their power and thus exploited the predicament.
Pagans who consist of the better of Jewish neighbors besides Muslims also sought acceptance into the emerging Christianity and laying claim to Jewish autonomy over God’s choice.
Pharisees faced the greatest threat to their authority visibly challenged and they had to adapt to changing times in order t retain the religious authority that would preserve Jewish heritage.
e) Jesus view veered of Pharisees in the ideal that the Pharisees were self righteous and looked down upon common men with the religious prejudice of the knowledge they held and was more sublime in the way he interacted with common men and interpreted Gods law in a selfless realistic way.
b) emphasis on Jesus miracles is misplaced according to smith because it clouds his teachings
his miracles justify his being the son of God and restrict his insinuations to religiosity rather than the social cultural set up and practices.
c) Jesus followers thought about his actions as revolutionary and accommodating to the lowly that had been discarded by the existing social order.
d) Jesus teaching that came out as controversial especially to Jewish teachings was through the insinuation that he was a child of God and was the predicted messiah.
e) Love your God with all your heart
love your neighbor as you love yourself.
f) Humility ad soft spoken with a strong message.
Character of Jesus
b) Jesus was a soft spoken prophet who was able to inspire a whole community and a basis which Christians have found the ideals of the religion
- d) Jesus resurrection is seen as a status of goodness to the universe in the fact the it promises redemption not only to the Jews butt extends the redemption to all the humans on the face of the earth.
e) I find the personality of Jesus as striking especially his teachings which espoused on his insistence that God’s relationship is personal and direct to the individual and no matter who the individual is regardless of their status can be accommodated into the kingdom of God. His humbleness at the face of the fact that he proved to be wise and all knowing is inspiring.
Explosion of the Gospel
b) The good news is the accounts of Jesus life and his teachings and the way the apostles who Jesus left behind carried on his teachings and their interpretation of the gospel or his word.
c) Early Christians were willing to die for their faith and regardless of worldly authority never succumbed
They professed the gospel and were not prejudiced always willing to love their enemies.
e) Paul in his letter to Corinthians tries to tell people that what is more important in life is Love and not the gift of prophesy and speaking in tongues or even the greatest display of faith. He gives the characteristics of true love and the honesty which Jesus wanted all men to live in.
Formation of the Christian Church
b) Children of God; to show the universal flock of Christ regardless of their demographist all who accept Jesus and God are thus his children and the flock of his church
Brethren was use to share the communal life of Christians especially when they insinuated their communion.
c) Christianity differs on salvation with some proposing that the church is more important. Another school of thought is that as Jesus proposed through his teaching what is more important is the love for God and the love for neighbors.
Three Major Doctrines
b) In Christianity there are several different doctrines, each with their own symbol. Christians under any doctrine have their lives affected in different ways with the symbols and do uphold them with reverence for instance there are Christian doctrines where one has to use a Jesus piece or rosary when praying.
c) The incarnation doctrine serves the purpose of proving God’s love to humanity to the extent of appearing in the form of human beings- Jesus to reconcile man and God and save man from sin hence give him eternal life. In the apostle’s creed, the reincarnation doctrine shows that God came to earth in form of Jesus.
d) Synonyms for sin: iniquity, transgression, wrongdoing
Synonyms for atonement: forgiveness, reparation, penance.
e) The trinity is three headed that is, God the father, God the son, God the Holy spirit but they all work together. I like the analogy because it breaks down who God is into three understandable personalities leaving no room for mysteries that might exist when it comes to understanding that God is and his works.
Christian symbols and doctrines. Its not really easy to understand why a religion instituted by one Deity and common beliefs should have different, doctrines and even symbols of their own yet claim to work for the same goal that is, lead people to heaven or eternal life.
b) The church is an interpreting agent of the Bible. Doctrines are found within the church, and the church is the institution in which details and practices of the doctrines are interpreted.
c) The teachings of the pope must be based on the sacred tradition or the sacred scripture or at least should not contradict the two and papal infallibility does not signify that the pope is not absolutely excluded from the liability of sin.
d) The church institute sacraments for its followers for them to grow spiritually that is baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the sick, Holy Orders and Matrimony. The central sacrament being the Eucharist which completes the Christian initiation by partaking of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.
e) The physical symbols used during the mass and sacraments differ.
The hat that the priest wears in the two occasions.
The numbers of candles lit differ.
The kinds of prayers made are different.
a) The Eastern Orthodox lacks a central power orientation with the sixteen or so autocephalous primates seen to be the surrounding Christ. This is in contrast with the Roman Catholic where the power is centered arpuound a papal coloseous which centers the church’s power in one chosen Pope.
b) While Easter Orthodox practices a conciallry hierarchy based on the revealed 24 elders from Revelation. They have 24 patriarch representing Christ’s 24 disciples and the 12 Tribes of Israel. The Roman Catholic is hierarchal with centered power vested in the pope who has all the legitimate juridical power over the church. He is able to administer with a worldwide web of Bishops and Cardinals who echo his decisions down the rank.
c) The emphases of the Eastern church on the corporate presentation is that of a belief the God is the overall power and that the subsidiary roles of administration is handed down to a collective decision making and not centered around one figure that might eclipse the sole leadership of Christ.
The Easter church are more mystic that Roman Church with more symbolism and adherent to the biblical instructions on a Christians life. They try as much as possible to adhere to the intricate c conditions set out by the bible than other d disciplines for instance the Roman Catholic Church whose structure is empire like and less mystic
The Protestant Churches
b) belief, assurance, devotion.
c) All have fallen short of God’s glory but through faith in Jesus Christ all shall be saved.
d) God is beyond nature and history and cannot be equated with any of them.
e) The Protestants justify their means of worship through Bible verses and believe God speaks to people through the bible than in any other way.
I have learnt a lot about Christianity and the different schools of doctrines that exists therein. The differences in forms of worship in Christianity, was brought about by differences in interpretations of the Bible, history and leadership, philosophies among others. I got more interested in the protestant assessment as I can relate to such a religious background. The protestants seem to theologically warn against idolatry, which to other doctrines are just symbolisms. They believe that the Bible is beyond criticism and insist that the Bible, word by word was dedicated to man from God and therefore contain no historical, scientific or any other inaccuracies. This is a view which is not so strongly upheld by other doctrines. They also believe that God is beyond the comprehension oh history or nature and therefore cannot be explained through the two and shouldn’t even be equated to them. On this background I clearly understand why Protestants carry out their worship the way they do.