Through its history, America has been predominated by various forms of Christianity and many people basically see it as a christen country. This Christianity has defined much of the American culture and society and the majority of the citizens are Christians. Although there were other religions that were present in the American history, the Roman Catholic and protestant Christianity laid the foundation of the large percentage of the American society. Indeed, America was founded by people who believed in the bible and was based on Christianity principles. At the time when America was found, the founding fathers demanded and desired to have the governments that would at all times encourage and promote Christianity. This paper surveys some influences and contributions of Christianity to the economics and it draws some lessons from the contemporary discussions on the relationship of Christianity and economics.
Influences of Christianity to the economics in America
In the 18th and 19th centuries, the American economics was shaped by theology/Christianity which resulted into good policy fruits. This is a good reason why the Christian framework should be considered for some economics of the present American times. The economics constitutes all the economic theories that are produced by the economists, public understanding of the functions of the existing economy and the various policy discussions. The influence of Christianity to the American economic thoughts is taken to mean the historical influence for bad or good. In early years, the American economics was being facilitated by slavery as slaves were greatly used production in the production sector. The onset of Christianity affected this sector as it facilitated the end of slavery in America. The Christian activists took the owning of slave and forcing other people to work as a serious distortion to the biblical teachings. The early Christians in America elevated the various roles of those people who were oppressed in the society. This was done through the acceptance of all women and slaves as the full members of the early Christian church. Through Christianity, slavery was opposed in an organized way. The slaves were bought by the early Christians who were the first people to oppose slavery. The bought slaves were then set free. Therefore it is evident that the stopping of slavery in America was greatly influenced in the measure by the Christian activists. For instance the American abolition society constituted about thirty percent Christian ministers (London R. Pg 87-8).
Theology has provided various resources that have helped in reframing the globalization debates. The story of Christ is of a particular person which is also a universal story and it started in the ancient empires and then spread in the entire United States of America. The resultant community came up with religious arguments for economics and trade. Because of Christianity, the available resources were evenly spread over the America country. The economics and trade helped to unite people and it expressed the peoples’ mutual dependence. The free economy and trade has been mixed in the history of Christian tradition and is positively viewed in the scriptures which are used by the Christians in America.
Also, the Christianity and theology roots of economics have added some sense of limits and balances to the present environmental debates and situations. Apart from making the material consumption relative as the way leading to happiness, the Christian doctrines of creation has put much emphasis on the human responsibility of taking care of the earth that was created by God. There are some doctrines that make the exploitation of the earth more legitimate. For example, the end time doctrine which makes people thinks that the earth will be of no use as they expect to go to heaven. Through this, the economics of America is influenced by the doctrines which advocates for the fully exploitation of the available resources (PROBE MINISTRIES).
In America’s contemporary economics, Christianity is instrumentally treated in terms of the religious commodities. The major influence of Christianity in the present happiness discussions is a large framework of purpose and meaning for all the economists and those people who participate in studying them. Therefore, Christianity has very good account of the happiness of human beings and the philosophies that are associated with the economics on the land. The creation doctrines provide an appropriate assessment of earthly commodities as the gifts of God. In terms of the literature of economics, Christianity makes the reference points of incomes relative and the sin doctrines compliments the creation doctrine with the economic suffering account (PROBE MINISTRIES).
In America, the religion has had much influence because it provides an important theme of equality in human beings and the worthiness and usefulness of human life which is provided to Americans by Christianity. The Christianity doctrines and ideas were the forces that propelled the abolishment of slavery and articulation of the human rights doctrines. The people’s celebration of the roles of Christianity in shaping the great economic changes is always accompanied by a corollary that when it is stopped, the values that were brought by Christianity will be endangered. In America, the end of Christianity implies the erosion of the fundamental economic values, dignity and equal human being’s rights. On the other hand, if the secularism is practiced, it will lead to the family redefinition and the revival of human superiority theories as well as the economic tyranny. Therefore, the spirit of Christianity has several qualities such as love sharing and peace hence influences the economic lives of people positively.