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In this paper, I am going to discuss the value of construct personality and I will use one theory of personality to further explain my views. But first, I feel the need for a definition of terms. When talking about construct, I am referring to the notion of creating something by mere mental synthesis. This is the creation of ideas into an object simply by the use of the mind alone. The mind analyses the indicators being thrown at it by a certain activity, it pieces up the indicators and comes up with a conclusion of the meaning. In relation to psychology, a construct can be hypothetical. A hypothetical construct is a variable used in explanations but is not a directly visible one. It is a concept in which there is no single referent that is observable. For example, instead of seeing intelligence, or love, we simply see their indicators. These indicators are what we agree to call love or intelligence. Other examples of hypothetical constructs are the likes of gravity, creativity or even menopause.
In looking at the value of construct of personality, we need to first define personality. Personality is the dynamic and organised set of characteristics that are unique to a single person. These set of characteristics are what influence the motivation and behaviours of that person when faced by various situations. Personalities define who a people are as they are responsible for their actions (Psych basics, 2010). Different people have different personalities which are unique to them and they exhibit these characters in them in relation to the situations that they find themselves in. However, there has been no consensus on the exact definition in psychology. However, major theories have been set forth to try and explain it. These theories were stated by renowned psychologists and have been useful in the study of the diverse human personalities. Different personalities have got advantages and disadvantages for being diverse (Alexander, 1994).
The diversity of personalities plays a major role in balancing the world. Positive personalities often come out to play major roles in creating a better world. Examples of these positive personalities are motherhood and leadership. Leadership is an important personality because, a leader will provide guidance to the people under him and lead them to success. In times of conflict, leaders play a major role in helping to resolve them as they can make decisions and everyone will follow. This helps ring love among the people and they can live together as one family. Negative personality on the other hand is a disadvantage to humanity. It brings misfortunes and poses danger. Traits possessed by killers, thieves or liars are just but a few examples of this kind of personality. These types of personalities are responsible for inflicting pain on others and they are not good at all. They pose a threat to humanity.
As I explained above, contrast in personality would refer to the ideas that make us decide on what type of personality an individual possesses. This is important because personalities are what define who people are and analysis of these make us be able to not pass on judgement to them in an unfair way. Different ideas or indicators in people normally give us a hint to understand the kind of people they are or rather the personality they possess. However, it is not always a walk in the park when trying to get the true meanings of these indicators. This is the main reason why the psychologists have never come up with a clear definition for personality. Different people may look at a person’s character and get different indicators of what the personality of that person is. This is the reason why the psychologists came up with theories to explain these indicators and help us get the right meaning when making conclusions based on hypothetical constructs. In this paper I am going to use Freud’s theory of personality (Kuther, 2001).
Most of the time, the traits that we see in someone are not impulsive. These indicators that make us come to a conclusion about a person’s personality are normally drawn from underlying sources in the human mind that are defined by Freud as the unconscious. The unconscious is where all the motivation is drawn from by a person. The past experiences that a person has had and does not wish to encounter or remember are normally buried here. We may see somebody get agitated at the mention of something, and their anger levels go up. Normally, this would give indicators that this person is violent. However, this reaction may simply be because of the fact that he has remembered a certain past experience like this and it was not a friendly one. His feelings about the situation that he is in draw memories from ‘the unconscious’ and makes him behave in a violent manner. Most of the times we are driven to deny these motives that are part of the unconscious. However, they aree usually available to us, only that they are in disguised form and only come to the open when triggered. As explained by freud, they become conscious (Boeree, 2009).
An important value of the construct of personality is the fact that our bodies respond to needs by making demands on their own. This helps in building our personalities as explained by Freud in his theory. If one is for example found in some kind of trouble, he will immediately feel the need to act in a manner that will save him. If he doesn’t, the body keeps growing anxious and keeps on sending ideas that will make him brave enough to act in a heroic way (Protinsky, 2010). The same applies to hunger. Normally when we feel hungry and we ignore that feeling, it only gets stronger and keeps giving you more thoughts about it. This feeling that keeps acting in our body’s best interest is the ego. The ego explains why people react to urges to do some things. The ego acts in the best interests of the organism and is responsible for the ideas that one gets as possible solutions.
A lot of what we experience end up affecting who we shall be in the future. These past experiences are what build our character or personality. Traumatic experiences have the major effect on the construct of our personalities. As explained by Freud in his theory, the traumatic experiences associated with one growing up causes all the changes in personality of that person. The experiences are normally buried at the back of the head in the unconscious but are brought into the conscious by recurrence of the same incidents. The memories play a huge part in how that person will react and the character that he will portray.
In conclusion, I can say that the value with which we hold the construct in personality is entirely drawn from different indicators in a person. One cannot simply conclude a person’s character by just taking one look at what they do or simply judging one occasion. A number of emotions and memories from one’s past are normally stored in them and these are what contribute to how the person reacts in situations. A person may have suppressed personalities which only come to the light when provoked. Such are what make understanding the human personality vey complicated and the theories which have been put forth by the psychologists do a great explanation to understanding these traits. Contrast of personalities is thus diverse and each comes with a different meaning.
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