Self knowledge is commonly used in psychology. It tries to explain a person, thus outlining self consciousness. In other words, it can be described as self knowledge that ideally informs one of his or her mental representation. It is the mental representation that now contains unique attributes of each person, which may be vibrant or established depending on the individual character traits. There are broadly three types of self:
Cognitive Self- it is directly linked to self knowledge to an extent that it guides to the achievement of assurance and more clarification of self concept (Panksepp, 2004). Cognitive self contains everything that we may know or that which we think we know about ourselves such race, color, height, and body size. Cognitive self therefore becomes the most reliable because it is directly linked to our self knowledge as it guides our motives and representing the true self of a person. This self also contains psychological properties like mutual values, beliefs and individual dislikes.
Affective self and Executive Self are other types of self. They are also called felt and self in that order since they relate to behavioral and emotional aspects of self concept. These two affect directly the behavior of individuals unlike cognitive which affects the physicality. These two have the following limitations:
1) Most of its attributes cannot be measured in the current physical world hence we are not sure of the competency and accuracy of the same; 2) even when we have references of the attributes we are seeking, the knowledge gained has never been the knowledge that people seek hence the measures attained simply becomes a relative measure; and 3) Our personal identity is confined to comparative terms when it comes to the social world (Walter, 2000). This makes most aspects to be so limited, hence becomes a limitation.
When one is aware of his own knowledge and his capacity to understand and control certain issues, then we can say that he possesses metacognitive skills. Met cognition is the ability to recognize the knowledge that you know. Some authors have defined it as someone who has metacognitive skills is one who has learned to learn. For instance some authors have argued that love is scientific while others insist that it is behavioral. It is learning how to use some learned strategies when solving an issue. There have been different definitions but all of them dwell on the three components; Met cognitive knowledge, regulation and experience. When one has the ability to acquire self-knowledge and others, and can regulate himself while doing this, he or she gains experience. In this case, we can say that the person has the met cognitive skills. These skills vary from one individual to another, and depend on the person’s ability to translate certain happenings from the environment. Another concept lies in the idea that these skills give an individual to organize his or her own self-recognition exercise.
It is vital for someone to possess cognitive skill as it assist one to be in a position to manage common psychological and other issues in today’s world (Metzinger 2004). It also makes an individual to not only acquire domain general but domain specific met cognition. Here, one can go an extra mile of solving, for instance, a mathematical problem or editing one’s essay. We also need executive management and strategic knowledge to beef up metacognition skills. This is a prerequisite as it assists in self regulating one’s thinking and education. This skill overlaps broadly on affective and executive skills. When one has conscious awareness and conscious ability, then he definitely has this skill. The skill enables a person to develop certain behavioral habits that help him acquire other skills for personal representation.