During an individual’s midlife there are changes that occur and are sometimes influenced by various transitions in life. These changes are diverse and may include extramarital affairs, unemployment, and change of residence and so on. These changes could have an effect various aspects of the individual health and may further on affect intellectual and spiritual development. There is individual desire to change and rectify some of the situations. The effort to do this has been reported to result to midlife crisis. In the mid life year’s adults experience events that affect their life greatly. These events which tend to affect the life of middle aged persons may also occur to other people in different stages of life however the effects are most profound in middle aged persons. This state of uncertainty on how to carry on these events is referred to as the midlife crisis. Scientists however have disagreed on aspects relating to midlife crisis claiming that some adults in the midlife years do not experience the midlife crisis. During the midlife years the human being engages in meaningful and purposeful life. a person in the middle life period ensures that the family and work are well maintained. At this period a person in the midlife years is able to be in charge of all aspects in his life. Others argue that the midlife crisis is common to all people but may be mild to some people while in some others it is much more pronounced. An individual’s financial situation is known to be one of the greatest causes of the midlife crisis. Loss of job or dissatisfaction with the current job may result in change of carriers adjusting to the new job. This career transition may lead to uncertainties in the life of the individuals.
Cognitive development at this age is influenced is influenced by the individual environment. The individual environment may include the job environment where individuals with similar levels of cognitive abilities interact. These uncertainties may influence one to take on different careers which may put one in a much more difficult situation from that which he was already in. To cope with these problems in the midlife age a person should understand the situation he/she is going through. The cognitive performance in the midlife ages is believed to be declining. However management of these issues in the midlife years is easier today than it was thirty years ago this is because today technology and availability of diverse jobs can enable one cope with the these issues.
At the middle life period people develop a feeling of anxiety due to a feeling of dissatisfaction with the way they are leading their lives. At this period people may want to change several things in their in order to bring back the feeling of excitement into their lives. This feeling may be temporally. Consequently people may embark on radical solutions which usually offer temporal solutions. At this period people may start plans which may lead them to set unrealistic expectations which may are sometimes difficult to achieve because of the existing responsibilities. At the middle life changes do occur to the body which prepare people to enter into old age. At this period people tend to lose their reproductive abilities. On top of this the adult gets more responsibilities such as caring for parents and children. More responsibilities may also emerge at home or at the work place. This may induce panic and a feeling that one requires to restructure their life while time is raw. Erik Eriksson explained that during life’s seventh stage people tend to find more meaning to life which my lead to midlife crisis. The term midlife crisis in the past was reserved for people who made spontaneous and radical decisions to do some things that look appealing to people in younger ages such as changing the dress code to fancy clothing. Depression at this time is indeed common with an estimated occurrence of 2.2 %.depression at this time when one is faced with responsibilities prompts one to adopt radical measures that may only worsen the condition.
Midlife presents a second life challenge after adolescence. In adolescence the individual attempts to get some space from the family in order to carry out what one believes is right. In the middle life one attempts to redefine himself. Unlike adolescence when one is rebellious in middle ages a person is mature and has no one to rebel to. At this stage one has already developed friends, families and has a career that provides him/her with the source of livelihood. However at this period one feels the necessity to leave the previous values for new ones that may have more meaning to him/her.
This middle life is characterised
The individual reviews what he/she has done in his/her life, career and social contribution. By reviewing the past one may consider pursuing a different course from the one that he has been following.
Search for meaning
This is like an extension of the reviews where one evaluates what really matters to him as well as what the society expects of the individual. And why it is important to meet these expectations.
Awareness of mortality
At this point one realises that he/she is aging and defines the goals that one still wants to achieve. At this stage he/she may set new targets.
There are physical changes which develop at this stage which include reduction of reproductive ability, greying of hair, menopause and andropause
Self actualised intimacy
The need to resolve the conflict between individuation and fusion in the context of close relationships; to be intimate and self-sufficient
The need to develop and maintain the social system and continue to individuate in the context of pressure; to be stable and responsible
Self actualised integrity
The need to accept ones past, ones life history as meaningful, and to continue to develop or individuate
The ability to identify completely with another and maintain a strong sense of self
Responsibility the ability to maintain a sense of self and exercise judgement in spite of personal and social disequilibrium to exhibit both compassion and control
The ability to relate conflict to identify with opposition
The ability to analyze relations within a sytem and to find a logical solutions.
The ability to compare relationships across systems and to find adequate solutions
The ability to see ones own role in experience of reality; to mediate between emotions and cognition
Behaviour becomes ethical, driven by personal principles rather than conformity interest deepen
Ones is able to meet one’s own needs and to assist others without wasted effort; behaviour becomes productive
|One is able to meet one’s own needs without using another person instrumentally|