This study basically explores the works of Freud in his book ‘The interpretation of dreams’ which is believed to have had an impact in the field of psychology. In addition to this, an overview of his work is tackled on the introduction which basically brings out what the book is all about. Apart from this, the pros of Freud in his work are also part of this study as well the cons. So to articulate, this study brings out clearly how Freud has built on the works of others as well as his own ideas to bring out his proof that dreams can be interpreted. Finally, this study provides a summary of the major points discussed.
The reason for choosing this topic for discussion is given to the reason that Freud has contributed so much in the field of psychology. So to speak, he presents his discussions in a very unique way which is easy to read and comprehend. However, the book is too detailed and it contains 381 pages. In addition to this, the major points discussed in this book are the scientific literature of dream problems, the method of dream interpretation, the dream as wish fulfilment, distortion of dreams, material and sources of dreams, the dream work and the psychology of the dream processes. Needless to say, Freud has captured a very detailed description and interpretation of dreams in the many sections presented in the book. It is the subdivisions of the major points that have made this book easy to read and understand as well.
So to communicative, the belief of Freud in his ability to proof that there is psychosomatic technique which enables people to interpret dreams if a certain procedure is followed as outlined in his book makes this topic interesting to explore. This review will basically discuss how the contribution of Freud has really revolutionized how people think about themselves in his book ‘the Interpretation of Dreams’. For this reason, a lot will be discussed in this study concerning his influence in the psychology field. In addition to this, his discussions concerning the different interpretations of dreams will also be captured in the context.
Freud opens ‘the interpretation of dreams’ by highlighting the content of his speculative exploits in writing this book. In this part he says that he would proof that there is psychosomatic technique which enables people to interpret dreams and if that procedure is applied then all dreams will be seen as significant, psychical configuration which can have identification in what happens within our waking life (Freud, 1953, p. 6). In this book, he has explored the great dynamics of the cataleptic mind which normally appear in terms of dreams. This is clearly shown in the entire book where he takes the readers through a thorough study on the scientific literature of dreams. In this context, he attempted to explain how the unconscious tries to solve the conflicts that may have occurred in the past or will happen in future. Unquestionably, this is achieved in this book through the theory of unconscious which is handled from a psychological point of view (Freud, 1953, p.9).
Outstandingly, the author in this book has also appreciated the many writers who have contributed to the interpretations of dreams in their own fashions. This shows that even though he does not concur with some of their physiological perspectives of dreams he still acknowledges their importance in the field of psychology. Apart from this, it also shows that he has build on other scholars’ ideas in his book even though he has contributed a lot as an individual. In respect to this point, he assures the readers that he would not consider sleep in his discussion concerning dreams. Consequently, he prepares the readers in advance on what to expect in his writings. This therefore portrays his unique writing skills.
In this book the writer has used a number of examples to illustrate his proof in interpretation of the dreams for example ‘dream of July 23-24, 1895’. From an analytical point of view, the writer indicates that he dreamed just a few days before his wife’s birthday of which there were many expected visitors (Freud, 1953, p.78). In addition to this, his wife had mentioned to him that she was expecting many visitors and Irma would be among them. Freud therefore argues that he dreamt in that line simply because of the events that were ahead of him. From this point of view, many readers can be able to identify with it so easily without doing a lot of thinking. For this reason, the book is so captivating and interesting to read as well.
In the same line of thought, Freud in his writings strongly believes on himself as a psychologist and what he would contribute to the advancement in this field of study. In respect to this, he has continually been referred to as the ‘father’ of psychoanalysis since this book marked its beginning in history. In addition to this, his work in this book stands out as an exclusive and standard work in the history of psychology. In essence, the impact of Freud psychological theories culturally and historically through this book can never be questioned (Freud, 1953, p.56). This therefore shows that the writer in this book has approached this topic in a way that people can easily identify with. However, his influence in the field of psychology also clarifies the fact that he has had a good and strong psychological background. This is clearly seen in his past knowledge of the scholars who have dealt with the issue of dreams before him.
Outstandingly, Freud appears to be a very courageous writer whereby he is able to use his own dreams as illustrations without fearing that his private life will be exposed to the public. Even though he has limited some of the analysis in this book in order to protect his private life much has still been revealed about him. Though the works of Freud have a lot of influence in the field of psychology there is still a danger in his analysis. This comes out clearly in his assumption that all dreams satisfy the wishful thoughts of human beings (Freud, 1953, p. 87). To be specific, some dreams are not just wish fulfilment but visions which may concern the future of which one may not be aware at all. To add on this, Freud work lacks scientific evidence and it contains some repeatedly prejudiced points of view. Apart from this, he has also over-emphasised on the issues concerning sex (Freud, 1953, p.162). Finally, the writer has also used a lot of references which means that he had built his work based on many ideas of other scholars.
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From a broader point of view, it can be said that Sigmund has explored his proof on the interpretation of dreams in a very classic way. In this case, he has been able to achieve his goal by building on the works of other scholars as well as his own beliefs, knowledge and ideas concerning dream interpretation. In spite of his trend to over-generalise, his exaggerated points on sex, his lack of precise verification and his frequently chauvinistic points of view, this classical work remains vital in the record of psychology.
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