E. A. McCord in January 01, 2005 wrote an article called Cries that Shake the Earth: Military Atrocities and Popular Protests in Warlord China. McCord has written many other articles on the similar subject. Most of his articles focus on the roles and military impact on the contemporary Chinese society. Some of the articles similar with this Cries that Shake the Earth include The Power of the Gun: the Emergence of Modern Chinese Warlordism, and many other modern Asian studies. McCord’s article scrutinizes the atypical instances of the warlord in China during the period when military officers were held responsible for military violence. The violence occurred in the earlier 19th century contributing to loss of live and properties. The outcry in the Hunan reached far, making military officers be punished for their crime troops. Responding to this outcry, Hunan court decided to punish two commanders, and the officers involved in the violence were sentenced to death. Moreover, it was the apolitical disorder contributing to protest and the atrocity victims decided to demonstrate in the streets. The case examines the political power problems, public opinion limits, and protests as well as the demonstrations in the Republic of China.
The articles focus on the unusual military violence in the period of warlord, which resulted to the public protest and demonstrations in the streets. During the 1920s, the Northern armies retreat from Hunan caused the indiscriminate violence. The armies were led by two commanders known as Liu Zhenyu and Wang Jisan that led to the destruction of Xinhua, Anhua and Ningxiang countries (McCord, 2005). Some researchers argue that the massacre committed were severe because bodies covered all over the place; thus, a statement ‘cries shake the earth; the living and the dead joined the anguish’ (McCord, 2005). This statement reveals the way the military troop caused violence in the Hunan regions including the mass killing, rape and robbing citizens. This led to protest and street demonstrations because the incidence became severe and unbearable. Therefore, the two military commanders who led the military troops were arrested by the Hunan court and the others were killed.
The Hunan incidence occurred because of the political power problems. The Hunan incidence led to the formation of military troops. However, the military troops caused violence in the Hunan regions. The public decided to protest because everyone wanted the two commanders leading the military troops to be punished for their violent actions. The government responded faster to the demands of the public for the execution of the two commanders. Other writers commenting on McCord’s article argue that the violence occurred due to the political problems in the city. This led to protest in public in order for an immediate action to be taken. People came from various places of the Hunan in order to protest in the street. These include the Lantian victims and many other victims affected by the actions of military troops; hence made the striking, and pathetic public scene.
The article of McCord is structured in a manner that enables the reader to understand it clearly. The arguments of the topic are supported with other writers; most of which argue that the massacre indeed led to cry on the earth. The article has little questioned on the public opinion in China for the accountability of military men for the violence they had committed. Therefore, it signals of the way the public had the little opinion on the political process during this era. Moreover, the author analyzes precisely Hunan case because it is a rare case in which the accountability had been enforced (McCord, 2005). Hunan case is noteworthy because it helps in revealing the circumstances through, which the public’s common protests would effectively exercise the political power to accomplish their goals.
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