Japan’s Motivations for Expansion into East and Southeast Asia. During the period before the Second World War, Japan expanded its territory owing to various reasons. One of the key reasons, as to why the country expanded its territory into East and Southeast Asia was an attempt to gain economic power. During the period before the war the economy of Japan and China considerably grew (Gordon 4). This, therefore, led to the mutual trade amongst the two countries as they considered themselves as economic powerhouses. However, although Japan was a technological giant during that period, her economy was not strong like that of China, but this does not mean that the country had a bad economy.
One of the factors that led to the country's decline was the fact that China started producing the same products that were importing from Japan. This, therefore, meant that the country was reducing the trade between the two countries. This meant that Japan had to delve into other places in order to sustain the economic power that it had previously. This was one of the major reasons why Japan decided to invade the East and Southeast countries.
Another reason that considerably led to the motivation was the fact that Japan foresaw that it was one of the Asian superpowers and, therefore, the intention of invading those countries were purely based on the fact that it wanted to prove its strength. This means that the country had foreseen the way the global powers were shaping up their powers, and had decided that in one way or the other it had to expand and prove its power.
The other reason was that Japan had seen how the population of its citizens was increasing and, therefore, with the annexation of these lands the country would increase the land under its territory, which would lead to the eventual settling of its citizens. This was a prime reason that led to the invasions.
The final factor that led to the motivation for expansion was the need of the country to secure its borders. Japan had foreseen the fact that its neighbors were not strong willed and, therefore, it sought to annex those lands so that it would have direct control and in addition, it would secure the borders.
What Strategies did the Allies Use to End the War with Japan? During the Second World War, Japan and Germany had formed a separate axis from other countries vis-à-vis the United Kingdom and United States. This was a battle for the superpowers which did not end well for the two countries. There are several factors that led to the fall of Japan. One of the factors was the bombing of key cities in Japan - Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Gordon 54). This bombing greatly weakened the country due to the loss of lives and property, and this led to their eventual pullout from the war. This event was a major marker in the defeat of Japan, although huge investments were made in this war.
The other strategy that the allies used in the war was to ensure that the manufacturing base of Japan was no longer functioning. It is known that the manufacturing base of Japan during that period was small and, therefore, the tactic that the allies used was to continue exhausting this small base until Japan was starved out of resources. This meant that Japan failed to put up a war since it could not counter the way the army was deprived off its goods and public amenities. The war was inevitable to this country, according to this situation.
The other strategy that the allies used, was the use conventional bombing. This bombing really weakened the cities in Japan, and in the end led to the failure by the country, putting up a great fight. The conventional bombing and the attacks on the water led to the weakening of the armies, since they could not counter both fronts, and this meant that the war was ending badly for the country (McClain 11). In addition to that, the weakening of Germany, which was also a partner of Japan in this warring period, meant that Japan was clearly not able to fight two countries at once, these being the United States and Britain.
The allies were able to defeat Japan due to the fact that when the Japanese manufacturing base was slowly growing weaker, the manufacturing base of the allies was growing stronger. This meant that the allies still had financial power to fight with the Japanese and, therefore, they could still manage to fund their soldiers, while the Japanese army was out when it came to basic amenities. The war was clearly becoming a defeat to Japan by this period. One other factor that made the allies end the war with Japan was the fact that although America was a military power, it had not entered the war (McClain 16). Therefore, the surprise entry by the United States into the war, when the countries that were fighting had lost all their muscles, was also a big boost to the allies, and this meant that Japan could no longer continue fighting in the war with the allies.
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