Philosophers’ Matrix and Analysis
|Philosopher||Classroom Engagement||Teaching and Learning||Parent or Community Involvement||Student social or Emotional Support|
|Friedrich Froebel (1782–1852)||Activity Curriculum, such as singing or creative games.||Teach and learn through self-expression.||Parents and the community could also use activity curriculum to get children interested in school.||Kindergarten today is known as the cornerstone of American education. Kindergarten can be used for a socialization tool for young children.|
|Martin Luther (1483-1546)||Reading, science projects, Using the Library because it is a free service for the children.||Standardized testing.||Vocational training to prepare for an occupation.||Learn a different language.|
|Jan Amos Comenius (1592-1670)||Hands on activities, use senses||Use observational techniques such as power point.||Encourage children to use their five senses||Group activities, such as a group scavenger hunt.|
|Johann Herbart (1776-1841)||Prepare students by arousing interest in new material.||Present the new material by doing an interesting activity.||Help students apply new ideas or principles to real world situations.||Students practice new principles or ideas outside of school.|
Throughout the history of mankind, education has been an important part of the community development and evolution. There has been numerous researchers and philosophers all focused to device better ways of passing of the information to the young ones. There has been a common consensus that a child should be trained as soon as possible to make them relevant to the society as well as to preserve the cultural heritage of the society.
Among the earliest reformers, Friedrich Froebel, a German educator pioneered the reforms in children education. He believed that at birth, children possessed with them the potential to read and therefore an appropriate environment was therefore important to enhance their full development. His vision was to create an independent world for children where they could interact freely with their age mates. This later came to be known as kindergarten. Friedrich’s vision laid a framework foundation for his philosophy which is represented by four basic components. These include: creativity, free self-activity, and motor expression and finally and social participation. One of his greatest contributions was the incorporation of play as an important part of the child’s development. He devised many instructional materials that are vital in helping the young ones to compare, test and enhance their creativity (Clemen, 2007). His philosophy basically advocated for a free environment where children would learn and develop naturally without interferences (Pankajam, 2005).
Another philosopher who greatly contributed to the theory of education is John Amos Comenius. He formulated an important principle known as Pansophic and Pedagogical Principle. He is referred to as the father of the modern education owing to his great efforts. Through his visions and innovation, he believed that most of the learning should be knelt together in a concept he called “way of life.” He developed a philosophy known as realism (where children are prepared for their roles in the real life) and phansophism (which converge to theology, philosophy and education). He was a realist in the senses that he believed that knowledge comes from the senses and therefore formulated a method of teaching which uses examples at first. His contribution includes the visible world in pictures where he used pictography to introduce the world to the children. The gate of tongues developed the children understanding through first understanding their mother tongue languages. His most important contribution was the Great Didactic which outlined the methods which are used from infancy through to the University and further. He believed that children have the potential to learn at birth and school provided a mean which makes the potential a reality (Ellington).
The two philosophers provided a baseline for the development of education. Kindergarten and the early childhood education facilities are vital in the development of human beings. I believe that as Friedrich Froebel stated, children should be allowed to develop naturally and should be given room for exploration and innovation without being molded by the adults. Phansophism opened an avenue for education for all and broadened the focus to incorporate the social relationship and religion in the education. Education should be an all encompassing including the social relations, politics, religion and the general aspect of life.