Melnyk (2011) believes that evidence-based practice (EBP) is an explicit, conscientious as well as judicious application of the current best evidence when making decisions about the reasonable care be given to an individual patient. The practice calls for the integration of the best available external clinical evidence obtained from systematic research with individual clinical expertise. The integration of the components of evidence based practiced can be accounted for improvement in patient care. Moreover, the requirements of the clinicians to be in possession of new skills have also gone a long way in ensuring patients care have developed. Similarly, EBP incorporates monitoring systems, which have played a significant role in patient-care procedure. Evidently, there are factors that have profoundly influenced EBP to be termed as a method that has improved patient care.
Most important, EBP is known to support and improve patient care process. The improvement of the patient care is possible since the practice does not make decisions for anyone by itself. Similarly, the integration of best research evidence, clinical expertise together with patient values and preferences into the clinical decisions, will consecutively enhance the opportunity for optimal clinical outcomes as well as quality life of the patient (Stout & Hayes, 2005). Moreover, EBP is mainly brought about by the patient encounters which enhance questions that revolve about the effects of therapy, prognosis of the disease, utility of diagnostic tests or etiology of disorders. The practice, therefore, works in favor of the patient and will substantially improve patient care since the research eradicates chances of assumptions which may become a challenge to patient care.
Moreover, EBP promises a better quality patient care through application of formal rules. This is because the practice requires new skills of the clinician, which includes efficient literature searching together with applying formal rules of evidence while evaluating the clinical literature. Evidently, new skills of the clinician lower the possibilities of having poor patient care whereas the formal rules that are to be adhered to by the clinician, will protect the patient from being mishandled. Similarly, the practice demands for qualified medical personnel who not only understand the formal rules regulating the evidence-based practice, but also those with necessary skills to propel the practice. Most hospitals provide training and have quality assurance programs, as well as education programs that assist the players in the EBP to provide both a comprehensive and safe care to the patient. Such moves, and then makes EBP be recognized as one of the medical practices that has been in use in order to improve the patient’s care.
The monitoring system involved in the EBP has played a significant role in achieving improved patient care (Houser & Oman, 2011). EBP has an ongoing monitoring system that tracks core patient indicators that are usually based on the identified patient outcomes in a given institution. Moreover, measurement of nursing care is possible when data regarding the patient care is routinely collected and subsequently, made available to the staff.Consequently, the patient care experiences an ongoing improvement as well as it is safely provided. The monitoring systems, also, aid in identifying the possible causes and places of failure of practice and offer an ample time for the correction to achieve better results. This can be recognized as one of the factors responsible for the improved patient care through evidence-based practice.
Evidently, there are factors that are behind improvement of patient care through EBP. The integration of best research evidence, clinical expertise together with patient values and preferences into the clinical decisions, will consecutively enhance the opportunity for optimal clinical outcomes as well as quality life of the patient. Moreover, EBP promises a better quality patient care through application of formal rules. The monitoring system involved in the EBP has played a significant role in achieving improved patient care.
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