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Utopian Literature

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Introduction                          

Candide is a novel is written by Voltaire. This novel critiques and as well builds up a world that is perfect. It creates two situations that are different which portrays the images that are not accessible of the earth at its best. One of the utopias which is visited by El Dorado is a nation in the “New World” in which all people are equal and here money is of no value (Voltaire, 2008).. Another utopia can be traced in the last chapter of satire, where there is a reunion of Candide with his friends. These journeys indicate the author’s notions of “near utopias” and the features they have. On the other hand, “Utopia” is a novel written by Thomas More. In this book, the author evaluates a society which tends to be the perfect living condition for people. More’s idea of utopia is the solution he has to a number of problems that are encountered by the “English society” in the course of the beginning years of the 16th century. In building up his ideas for the nation of utopia, this author identifies a number of problems that he perceives in the “English society”. Among the main social problems that are faced by this society which he identifies is offering punishment to those people that steal. Those who engage in stealing in England are killed. The justice system of this country does not discriminate the form of punishment on the basis of the severity of crime committed by a person and whether one steals something small or kills another person, they both face a death sentence. According to More, “this method of dealing with thieves is both unjust and socially undesirable” (More  1960, P. 44).  More looks at this system of sntencing people to death not to be fair and there is need to come up with a better form of deterrent to curb theft in the society. As a way to prevent theft in the society, More has a feeling that the people in the society are supposed to be offered a means to live that eliminates the need to steal in order to survive.

Comparing and contrasting “Utopia” by Thomas More and “Candide” by Voltaire

In carrying a comparison between Thomas’ More’s “Utopia” and Voltaire’s “Candide”, a similar description of utopia is encountered. More’s book is all about a country in which each and every individual has work and everything that is found in this country do not belong to any individual person but belongs to the society as a whole. The book as well describes an ideal society that contains no criminals and thus there exist no courts where people are supposed to be judged and subsequently imprisoned. Clear observation indicates that Moore follows the position held by Voltaire in regard to labor. As on one hand the heroes in “Candide” derived happiness from common labor out of the world of utopia, on the other hand it is indicated in “Utopia” that human beings can only survive through engaging in hard work and working in an equal manner for each other.

One more model is presented in Moore’s “Utopia” of the function of the society so as to set up an ideal encirclement to survive in, making reference to every aspect of life. Description is made in “Utopia” of the utopian nation where there is no war, hatred among people or people being jealous to one another. The labor that is carried out by people is not labor they carry out for themselves but rather for the benefit of the entire society. Each and every individual in this society contribuutes towards the development of the society. Just in the same way as in “Candide”, no inequality among people exists. This is for the reason that all the people in this society are the same and engage in doing similar things. It is impossible to give an implication that being different from these people is a divergence since for these people, there exist neither wrong nor right. The single thing that is there is these people’s way of doing it and nothing more. Therefore, the idea that Voltaire has in regard to “deletion of individuality” is entirely backed by More’s “Utopia”. The dialogues that are seen in More’s novel “Utopia” are channeled in the direction of making apparent the essence of organizing this ideal community.

The two novels make clear the idea that human beings struggle to achieve perfection in their existence. The portrayal of utopias in the two novels bear a lot in common and pursue a similar idea and the idea is that of having a society in which each and every individual is equal to the other and receives similar treatment and every one in this society enjoys his or her own life, in a similar manner as any other individual in the society. Utopia is hard to achieve and it is just like a fairy tale and it may only come about if there is occurrence of some great magic. The attractiveness of the utopian pattern can easily be understandable through the trend of the time these books were written. The readers are attracted by their being controversial in their real meaning.  In the current days, the utopias are not remembered, but the ideas they carry still stands to be a dream for some authors. It can be concluded that that utopias were in the first place antagonistic to the situation in the period they were written and if an analysis of these two books is carried out, it can be seen how much they are similar.

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