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Leisure is a concept that has personal implication to individuals, whereby, the individuals choose their leisure activities freely, the activities have some intrinsic motivation to them and the individuals enjoy in anticipation, in the activities (Chiu, 2008). Lessons on the definition of leisure intrigued me with a new perception to what leisure was to me. First, I must admit that prior to lessons on leisure, I had not defined leisure, but I identified with the exposure from the learning in that, leisure was voluntary and self-satisfying (Hagger & Charzisarantis, 2007). Sure, I appreciated enjoyment in my former understanding of leisure, but I never factored in anticipation or recollection of enjoyment in it. As a matter of fact, I enjoyed camping intrinsically without extrinsic motivation and I defined it as my leisure from the fact that I enjoyed it.
Major conditions affecting leisure attitudes and recreation choice
The aspect of freedom of choice in leisure is crucial, yet there are other constraints to leisure (McLean, 2011). There are the structural constraints, which include rules and regulations, lack of opportunity, lack of money and lack of transport (McLean, 2011). Similarly, there are the interpersonal constraints to our leisure, especially as is involved in person to person interactions. The intrapersonal constraints such as anxiety, stress or appearance perception influence our leisure.
The political nature of leisure in society
Undoubtedly, leisure is accepted as a social institution in the society, which makes it interact with politics in the government and economy institutions. Politics play role in crucial decision regarding leisure provision with most considerable decisions made on political ground or for political reasons. Politics therefore denies individual the choice for the best in their leisure pursuit.
On the other hand, time is governing the society like politics (McLean, 2011). For instance, in Australia our days are governed by the daily undertakings and activities of our social status (Hagger & Charzisarantis, 2007). The daily activities dictate the amount of spare time available to us (Russel, 2008). Some countries, like Spain, have realized the need for accounting for leisure and provide siesta time during the day.
The historical development of leisure in western society
Fetching as early as during the hunters-gatherer period, then there was no definition between work and leisure. In the middle ages, a definite hierarchy existed in the society, leisure being less evident, particularly for the minority. In the industrial revolution, a clear distinction of work hours was then developed, initiating the rising of leisure time distinction. Finally, in the modern-changed society, invention of vehicles and machines hastened the work needed to be done by the humans, thus according them spare time for leisure (Russel, 2008).
Apply principles of leisure theory to their own lives
The Theory of Planned Behavior explains the behaviors that we choose to do, rather than those we are expected to do. This theory explains the behavior in interactive contexts as it involves three underlying considerations. The behavior beliefs, relates to the likely consequences of the behavior, hence our attitudes. Normative beliefs relate the normative expectations of others. While as control beliefs, relate beliefs, about the presence of factors that may facilitate or constrain the behavior.
Presently, leisure is being driven by the consumerism. This new-found truth of this week’s learning has now enabled me to realize that I am actually operating in a system of leisure. I realize that I enjoy the new technology, is what I do with my leisure. It involves, purchasing of the latest iPod, watching the latest movies and going out with friends to flashy restaurants. I know that the attitude of my friends regarding my choice leisure is enhanced trust and closeness since we are operating in the same domain.
The social psychological, underpinnings of leisure in contemporary society (Graduate Qualities)
The reality of social psychology in our leisure is in the concept of stereotypes and attribution.
From the lesson of social psychology, as a graduate, I have obtained the knowledge that the stereotyping I usually dreaded is a normal and not necessarily a bad thing. Actually, stereotyping is generally accurate in its claims (Baum, 2006). Stereotype allows human brains to generalize things and as a graduate entering into a world of generalization, stereotype will for example enable me to congregate and share job patterns.
Today’s leisure is being driven by consumerism, which has posed several threats the oblivious society (McLean, 2011). I perceive the situation as over consumption, like is evidenced in the banks’ lending money extensively and drawing the economic crisis we are in now. The solution to the crisis has been identified to be, increasing spending power of the people. This has the impact of more and more consumption being created, altering the economy we are in to be a consumer-driven economy (Hagger & Charzisarantis, 2007).
Critical assessment of other people’s beliefs and attitudes to leisure
Some people believe that leisure is a waste of time and money. Such an attitude towards leisure is first of all subject to errors and also to biases. The error of fundamental attribution happens when people tend to over-emphasize personal reasons. There could be possibilities that claiming leisure to be wastage of time and money, one could be having personal prejudice. Other people claim their way of leisure is superior to other peoples, or worse still, that there is the only, way qualified to be leisure. On critical observation, such people could be subject to self-serving bias and the just world hypothesis err.
With the creation of a consumer-driven economy, the solution to the economic crisis is to encourage spending, which will ensure that others keep their jobs. Of course, people will lose jobs and become free. But, can freedom arising from losing jobs leisure? According to the consumer-driven economy, finance enables us to purchase what we require to be happy. Yet, is the need to purchase our leisure for us to be happy necessary?
Leisure is expressed by the freedom of choice, intrinsic motivation and its outcome of enjoyment to individuals. Leisure is like politics, for it dictates on us the lifestyle we live in and right now we are living in the consumptive error, with an unknown tomorrow. Time and money are conditions affecting leisure as the people exposed to money have got chances of purchasing leisure today. At the same time, time is also necessary in leisure determination, because, the more free time you have, the more you can indulge to the leisure activities (Russel, 2008).
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