Louis views death penalty as a strategy to help reduce crime rates in the society. In his article, Louis states that the introduction of death sentence in the judicial set up would discourage all crimes tagged to death punishment. According to the information provided by the author, death penalty benefits the society in many ways. Firstly, all the non changeable groups of people in the society are eliminated by the death sentence penalty. These constitute of individuals who do not change their trend of crimes. Although such people may be arrested and discharged after meeting all the court rulings and punishments, they would still continue with their criminology. Death penalty would thus help eliminate such types of trends from the society. Proper implementation of death penalties in the legal framework would equally instill fear for the law.
In addition, the implementation of death penalty, in turn, means giving chances for the innocent to live but, instead, killing the criminals. The converse means granting criminals a chance of living but denying the innocent chances for living. Louis provides four basic arguments to support death penalty in eradicating crimes. His first policy is that “what is feared most by people has greater deterrent effects on them.” Secondly, he states that “people highly fear death than any other punishment in the earth.” In his fourth point, he says that “death sentence is a humane punishment.” Lastly, “death has a greater effect in deterring people from committing crimes.”
Two major challenges raised against death penalties include Thomas and Michael theories. Thomas Mappes states that death penalty is just but as a result of vengeance, not punishment. The most dominant issue addressed is the sense of families passing death judgments to repay those who had earlier hurt them. This is also capitalized with a lot of racial discrimination and not genuine criminology. A second idea of Michael Smerconish who bases his ideology on equivalence of crimes is in contrast to Louis’ concept of death penalty. He argues out that death punishment is not in any way equivalent to murder case. In his article, he disputes death penalty not to be based on proper statistical data materials.
In response to the challenges mentioned against Louis’ article, death penalty has been viewed as an unusual punishment. Based on his ideology, Louis believes that death punishment would be the most appropriate way to achieve a successful deterrence. The main issue addressed by the article encompasses death as a penalty meant to deter people from committing inhuman crimes. Based on data collected through research work, it is evident that every single execution in any given year reduces the number of murders in the following year. FIB data further clarify that up to 74 murder cases are reduced as a result of a single execution. Even though it may not benefit a society to lose its people, death penalty is not a strategy to eliminate people. Its main agenda was to instill fear against some specific crimes upon which it is administered.
In respect to the constitutional laws, death penalty was struck off by the Supreme Court of America in the 1972 amendment. This law stood at its state until 1977 when it was re-instated back to the constitution. Executions are witnessed in many other countries but in small numerical values. The only difference is that, constitutionally, not all murders are sentenced to life.