The Alchemy of Race and Rights is an autobiographical essay whereby the author tries to correlate on the issues of gender, race, and class. The author, Patricia Williams, employs the tools of legal theory and critical literacy to bring out her views of current events and popular culture.The author also speaks out on everyday occurrences of ordinary racism. She took up alchemy, which is a metaphorical device to show how the law was a mythological text where powers of constitution and commerce, poverty and wealth, insanity and sanity waged war in overlapping boundaries and complexes of disclosure. She passes through such boundaries in pursuit of racial justice (Patricia, 1991). The aim of this paper is to write a critical document on Patricia Williams’ book The Alchemy of Race and Rights.
In TheAlchemy of Race and Rights, Patricia Williams narrates her observance on the implicit requirements that blacks go through as they walk down on the Howard Beach. The author addresses racism by using gentler methods. Her book is filled with witnesses and anecdote, clear characters,which are known, and analysis concerning the law’s shortcomings. Therefore, it is through such patience and inquiry that we can clearly understand racism.The author again enables us to see the ways we can do to unthink the mechanisms that make racism continue. She gives an argument for affirmative action and keeping human rights in legal framework, and presents a powerful explanation of the unavoidable status of the blacks in the U.S. today (Patricia, 1991).
The aim of TheAlchemy of Race and Rights was to take a much more critical approach theoretically to human rights, particularly to the constitutional and commercial rights. The author took three principles and tried to show how they interlocked, conflicted, and interacted. These principles were: order, community, and autonomy. She also aimed at bridging the disparity between practice and theory (Patricia, 1991).
Critical theory checks out the ways by which the prevailing concepts of political and social life behave in relations to injustice, oppression, and domination in the society.
Anglo-American characterizes theoretically the legal understanding found in its philosophy of law by three features of rhetoric and thought. These features include the existence of legal truths, which exist universally under pure prcedures, and they surpass the usual limits majorly in excellent. For instance, some theorists insisted that civil wrongs like the one of fraud always were there and argued that it was part of a general concept of wrong and right. The author tends to dislike the habit of applying the universal concept in legal taxonomies. She gave an example of her friend who asked a professor foran opinion of whether the first white settlers found those people who were committing torts in Fiji waiting for a discovery on them concerning their civil wrong doing, and the professor stated clearly that those tortfeasors were waiting to be found (Patricia, 1991).
The author also brings forth another feature in legal taxonomies, which intends to make life seem simple in areas of life complications like in public or private life, between white and black people were racism is evident, between human rights and needs, and also moral or immoral aspect of life. The abstract of definitional polarities and exclusive categories as brought forth by the author try to simplify life even though life is full of complications as evident above (Patricia, 1991).
The author, Patricia Williams, is a law professor and tries to explore her political and personal experiences as a black woman scholar. She tries to show on the link between the law and race. Reading of this expert gives one a rare knowledge and experience to discover work having the perspectives on the reality of the author’s life. The text helps one see how black women intellectuals developed their special skills, and also the way their realities and experiences informed their identities and way of thinking (Patricia, 1991).
In this context, the author who is a law professor has the courage to show the formalistic legal writings by pouring out her heart. She shows deep entangled the law is in terms of race, human rights, within her reflective, passionate, frightened, and angry self. She gives out a detailed testimony on the real importance of human rights in respect to the many generations of the blacks in the U.S. as they struggled against racism and segregation in the society. She is courageous and tries to reveal her pain caused by the widespread racial prejudice experienced in the society. Furthermore, she argues out that wounds caused by racial hatred are yet to be healed as they still cause lingering bitterness in many(Patricia, 1991).
Accoording to Curran and Takata (2003), there is a complex issue of privileges and rights that underpin the public’s exposure. They argue that there seem to be no easy answers for complexity of the right that protects one’s visibility. After all, it is the same right that lets one get a backseat without getting noticed.
Pertaining the morals and immoral behaviors in the society, the author outlines the crimes touching the society like carrying out fraud. She describes means by which traditionally affiliated legal discourse and scholarships create reality that is distorted. She also reminds the reader on how the law has subdivided the world into many segments, simplifying and categorizing the human experience so as to fit the firm legal doctrines. Concurrently, the legal commentators also draw conclusions from sources which are limited, hence tend to treat objects, people, and phenomena having similar traits in character as identical. In doing so they give out analyses based on the experience they have (Patricia, 1991).
On another perspective I tend to disagree with the author as she seems to confront failure, injustice, hurt in the society even though the human being is created in such a way that they do not like to confront pain. The author also seems to offer many counterfeit, illusory, and commercial promises. Such consideration might function magically as a powerful means of hope to the society if applicable, but it is much of imaginary, that’s why I disagree with the author (Patricia, 1991).
The author, Patricia Williams, fights for human rights, especially for the black community in the U.S. to be granted the rights they deserve and the white people to stop racism and segregation. Author analyzes human rights from the view of the people, basically those of African-American origin. She clearly shows the existence of legal truths, which exist universally under pure procedures, and these legal truths surpass the usual limits in excellence by a great margin.Life is full of complications, even though the author tries to simplify it through giving out abstracts on definitional polarities and exclusive categories. These categories include human rights and needs, moral or immoral aspects in life. She also sympathizes deeply with the black nationals in the U.S., whereby she notes how crime is much increasing, police brutality, and drug use, which brings about great immorality to the society.