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Immigrants to the United States have been a very major source of the population growth that is being experienced in the country. Throughout the history of the United States, cultural change has mainly been contributed by trends in immigration. The political, social and economic aspects of immigration have lead to a lot of controversy in matters of economic benefits, employment for the aboriginals, ethnicity, settlement patterns, crime, the behavior of voting and the upward social mobility impact (Mohl, pp. 243-274). Historically, Hispanics recorded a good trend in terms of their socio-economic well being than the Europeans and Asians. However, things have changed. The Asians are gaining an upper hand and the European immigrants as well. There has been a significant demographic change in the number of immigrants entering the United States. Apparently, it is becoming hard for Hispanics to come to the United States than the case is for Asians and Europeans.
Well, social and economic challenges have been a major reason as to why many immigrants are finding it hard to settle in the United States. The issue might not be entirely generalized because not all races are affected. While some people from a particular region are finding it easy to settle in America, others have been affected by the controversy that has been realized in politics, crime, employment and socio-economic issues. About eight million immigrants from the year 2000 came to the United States till 2005. This was the highest number of immigrants realized in a five-year span than in any other period in the history of the United States of America (John and Alberto, pp. 617-632).
About fifty percent of the immigrants were illegally in the country. Congress has passed several amnesties since 1986 for illegal immigrants. During this time, Reagan who was the then president of the United States gave amnesty to about three million immigrants who were illegally within the country’s borders. All along, Hispanics seem to have featured in some of these controversies experienced in the United States (Rumbaut and Ewing, pp.1-16). Traveling to the United States and settling there has been a great challenge for immigrants. The pursuit of the American dream apparently has cost the lives of many and has been subjected to dire situations. Hispanics immigrants are among the first group of victims that was adversely affected by the ravages of the recent-2000s recession. All the same, after the recession came to an end in 2009, many job opportunities were created and about 1 million immigrants were offered legal residence.
All the same, it is most likely that the situation trends experienced in immigration has struck many immigrants with awe amongst the Hispanics. These issues have mostly affected the Hispanic immigrants. They have been branded with what can be commonly regarded as a racial identity threat due to the issues that have affected the Hispanic immigrant population. Sociological knowledge of crime is ineffective and fragmented in correcting and challenging mistaken perceptions of the public (Rumbaut and Ewing, pp.1-16). Immigration has been linked to crime and the Hispanics are most likely going to face challenges traveling to the United States due to these stereotype threats. These perceptions have been propagated by government reports that have indicated increasing numbers of criminals of Hispanic origin in the US prisons (John and Alberto, pp. 617-632).
While the initial immigrants from Europe were a lot poor on arrival, they had assimilated economically by the third generation. European immigrants have become hard to distinguish from the general American population. The case is very different for the Hispanics. The process of the Hispanics seems to stall at the second generation. Moreover, the third generation keeps on being significantly poorer than the European immigrants. Despite emerging differences between various communities, the Asians who mainly arrived at US after 1965 recorded the biggest median income for each household surpassing all other groups in 2008 including the Europeans with Hispanics being a little lower in the ranking (Rumbaut and Ewing, pp.1-16).
There seems to be clear reasons as to why it has become hard for Hispanic immigrants to travel to the United States when compared to the European and Asian immigrants. The Hispanic socio-economic challenges have greatly impacted on their economic assimilation in the United States. Even though this is thought to be a hypothetical situation for them, it appears that the damage is already done and remedy is a little far out of reach. It has become an area of study seeking to establish the real cause of crime in the United States in their defense but it appears to be too late to change the notion (Rumbaut and Ewing, pp.1-16). The public perceptions of crime and immigrants seem to have affected the Hispanic immigration population although this is still contentious.
Hispanics have also faced economic challenges and this could be one of the major reasons inflicting hardships in their immigration process. The picture that has been painted on the Hispanic immigrant population is very detrimental to their prosperity in the United States compared to the Asians and the Europeans. About forty-one percent of the increase in persons lacking health insurance was realized amongst the Hispanics between 2000 and 2006. There has been a notable increase in the number of Hispanic poor population from six million in 1990 to about nine million in 2006. The Hispanic immigrants were adversely affected by the crisis of sub-prime mortgage. With these reports reaching the Hispanics’ motherland, it is unlikely that many more Hispanics will embark on any journey to the United States.
In conclusion, the socio-economic challenges that have been identified with the Hispanic population are likely going to be of great challenge to them. Many immigrants would be encouraged to travel to the United States if their predecessors were reported to have excelled in the United States. For people in Asia and in the Europe, it would be easier for them to follow suit due to the encouraging news found in US reports concerning their welfare. For the Hispanics, the link to crime and the present economic hardships amongst their people is likely going to make them to be hesitant to travel to the United States.
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