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Recidivism is the act of a prisoner getting back to prison after some period of time from release. Statistics provided by the Bureau of Justice showed that the number of prisoners who get re-incarcerated is increasing daily globally. Research by Stephanie Stravinskas indicates that recidivism is a global problem while inadequate measures have been taken to solve it. However the truth is that various suggestions have been proposed to the government and little effort has been done to implement them.
Reasons for increased rates of recidivism
Crime rates and recidivism have increased due to;
- Inadequate skills in prison necessary to help them get employment once released.
- A society that is not trained on how to receive the just-released prisoners. Instead prisoners are left lonely with none to mentor them after release.
- Inadequate transitional managers to help them adjust to society life and become independent.
- Inadequate opportunities to get employment.
- Some are homeless and uneducated therefore in order for them to survive they opt to crime again.
To reduce the increased crime and recidivism rate the following should be implemented;
- Training in basic high school and college education is necessary for all citizens since few educated people will do crime, while only a small percentage of educated people who are re-incarcerated.
- Provision of housing employment and effective support groups after prison release.
- Improvement of national policies that deny families and individuals their ability to be productive in the society.
The result of implementing the above mentioned suggestions shall be helpful as follows:
v The ex-prisoners are able to become productive in the society if they have employment.
v Many more people shall be fully rehabilitated and thus less re-incarceration cases since the ex-prisoners shall be productive.
Article 2: what works in reducing recidivism?
There are various basic principles which are necessary to see that the imprisoned people acquire rehabilitation. These principles help them become productive thus cases of recidivism are highly reduced by the following principles;
- Risk principle is applicable for the high-risk offenders. These are criminals who are prone to committing crime after release due to their reckless behavior and weak social relationships.
- Need principle whereby programs are targeted to reduce the crime causing factors. The factors include; signs of antisocial behavior, drug abuse, lack of self control as well as high temper among people.
- Treatment principle helps understand how to target the specific criminals by using behavior oriented programs.
- Fidelity principle is using corrective methods that help monitor offenders through quality assurance processes.
- The high risk criminals should be placed in separate training rooms from the low risk offenders for rehabilitation.
- Corrective sanctioned methods should be used for specific crimes instead of just offering corporal punishment.
- Initiate programs that instill self esteem, elaborate the use of culture in shaping individuals, exploiting abilities and talents, developing social behavior as well as creating positive attitudes and discipline.
- The actively applied programs focused on present activities that are responsible for the criminal act and many potential offenders are transformed to become productive.
- The programs that provided actions like encouraging positive social interactions ensure that new behaviors and attitudes were taught.
- Families were oriented concerning the antisocial behaviors they were to keep away from, the kinds of people to associate with as well as the places to live in. this helped alleviate the cases of crime and recidivism.
Article 3: Do Harsher Prison Conditions Reduce Recidivism? A Discontinuity-based Approach by M. Keith Chen
According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the prisons hold at least a third of the population. Most of the people released are rearrested after three years. M. Keith Chen evaluates the extent to which an offender can be detained depending on the crime committed. During admission to court an offender fills score sheet with the details of the crime and his profession. In return the sheet establishes where the inmate is to be housed and the security level to be adopted. Implementation
- The score sheet provides the most appropriate corrective measures as well as the security level assigned.
- After admission the seven steps outlined in the Load and Security Designation Form help determine the type of punishment to assign to an inmate.
- The houses for the inmates have different levels of security applied depending on the past records, as well as current crimes committed.
- Placing the inmates in various workshops where they acquire training and as they graduate put them into the next level.
- Reduce the amount of money spent in constructing buildings in prisons and use more money educating inmates.
v Organizational training is useful in rehabilitating criminals more than inflicting harsh punishment.
v The score card help the wardens know how much attention the inmates need for rehabilitation. The attention is defined as the concentration and duration needed before reevaluation.
v The security levels help tame the inmates from repeated escapes from the prison.
v The wardens use appropriate methods of counseling in order to know why the person is delinquent. This helps eliminate recidivism since less harshness is incorporated.
v The government ought to make prisons more reliable by having inmates get transformational faith-based training. Trainings help them use the rehabilitation period to transform instead of being used to re-arrest.