The role of the justice system is to enforce a country’s criminal laws. The criminal justice system consists of three components: The law enforcement, the courts, and corrections. The law enforcement component is essential but dangerous since it involves police officers and detectives who find and capture criminals. The courts ensure that the criminals get fair trials, while the corrections reinforce the work of the first two components by upholding and administering sentences.
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This paper aims at discussing the current and the future situation of the law enforcement component of the criminal justice system in the United States of America.
The law enforcement component is under the police and detectives who investigate offences or crimes and carry out arrests. In cases where the suspect is a threat to the nation’s security, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) takes charge. After the issuance of warrant of arrest, the police officers get the power to use force or other legal coercion forms and means to restore the social order.
Definition of Justice as Related to the Law Enforcement
In law enforcement, justice includes personnel and agencies like the police, victim services, corrections, probation, prevention, and the courts.
Three Current Practices of the Law Enforcement Component
In order to ensure effective responses by the law enforcers, proper training is vital to equip the officers with knowledge and attitudes. This is essential for successful implementation of policing policy, since effctive training can transform a written policy to a street policy. The training that the line detectives and officers receive also extends to the entire command staff.
A part from arresting, for instance, in domestic violence cases, the police officers also assist the victims after arrest. The assistance includes referring them to shelter, offering support and information, and helping in safety planning. The officers ensure rights and safety plans for the victims. The law enforcement officers join hands with social service and victim advocate agencies to deal with domestic violence effectively.
Whether the threat is remote or immediate, the police officer should ensure the safety of the victim. An emergency call from the victim means that the offender is in the victim’s location. The police operation should ensure that they institute the arrest but not at the expense of the victim’s safety.
Changes to the Law Enforcement Component after September 11, 2001.
USA PATRIOT Act came into force in 2001, and it gave the law enforcement component the power for surveillance and sweeping search over the US citizens. This led to Information Awareness Office (IAO), which instituted total information awareness.
In 2003, IAO underwent amendment to Terrorist Information Awareness (TIA), which developed technology that could enable collection and processing of massive quantity of information about all people in USA in order to trace any terrorism tendencies.
In addition to the Acts, the US law enforcement agencies are linking up with other countries in tthe world to create high alert in case of any other terrorist attacks. This encourages other countries to institute anti-terrorism legislation.
The Three Biggest Challenges for the Law Enforcement Component in the Next 10 Years
The challenges exist in building a cadre, homeland security leadership by a national system of education and training. Besides, there is incomplete work in strengthening the nation’s response to disasters and the balance between secure borders and relaxed laws on handling students, travelers, and commerce.
There are two sources of methods of collecting data, from primary sources and secondary sources. In this paper, information is from secondary sources such as books and journals.
Results and discussion
The training and reform in the law enforcement component has led to the improvement of how US combat terrorism. The law enforcers initiate charges against the crime perpetrators and make sure that the cases have strong grounds to stand up in the courts, especially if it relates to domestic or international terrorism. Grassroots efforts, agency cooperation, technical issues, grant administration, and standard emphasis on ethics and conduct are all crucial in the law enforcement justice.
The law enforcement component should initiate more reforms to combat crimes, both at the domestic and international levels.
The law enforcement component is quite crucial; hence, the police and detectives should be competent enough to inform the courts and corrections about the offenders.
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