Violence can be put as the literally forceful verbal, psychological or physical expression against others or one-self, or just compelling action against one’s will and thus physical or emotional injury. Children are often faced with use of aggressive force from seniors of the opposite gender, spaced age disparity, different race, and spaced social status. Juvenile called Thomas Graunger was the first to be executed in America in 1642 found guilty of beastiality offence. Since then, people have been executed for crimes they committed when they were young (streib, 2000). Since then juveniles have always been subjected to capital punishment but with leniency and privileges not found in criminal courts before sentencing. Mitigation and waiver decisions are usually key to juvenile sentencing. Usually, the sophistication and level of maturity of the juvenile as determined by their domestic life, environment, emotional attitude, and pattern of living
Severity of punishment
Severity of punishment puts of minors from crime but not entirely as those who have a premonition of crime probably not knowing the possible repercussions will still go on and execute their srewd plans. Many juveniles are aware of the modes of punitive forms their ways may lead them to but such retribution alone may not act enough to deter them still. However, quite a good number of minors are kept crimes because of their awareness of possibility of ruthless punishment.
Certainty of punishment
It is quite obvious in the minds of many juveniles that any detected crime will attract punitive if not deterrent measures against the offender, but still teenage adventuring ambitions, misperception on what real fun is and peer pressure all steer minors towards crime. There is little deterrence earned from the fact that punishment is bound to ensue crime. Punishment is meant to de-psyche a minor from recidivating. This ranges from renunciation, severity of punishment, and high probability of arrest and eventual conviction.
Increase in police activity
Teenagers and younger minors as well have a lot to learn from their seniors who may have encountered the punitive arm of the law owing to police apprehensions. However, this takes effect on their conscience when it is happening after which it is eeroded by the desire to be free and do as one wishes.
Evolution of capital offence
Capital punishment in the USA varies by jurisdiction. In practice, it is evident for aggravated murder and rarely for murder of felony or contract killing. Methods of execution have varied greatly over time and depend on jurisdiction; there were 38 executions over 2008.
The punishment was suspended in the US in 1972 to 1976, since it was found to be in violation with the 5th amendment of the US constitution as they found it to be too cruel and unusual.
By 1976, in agreement with Woodson and Roberts, the court decided Gregg v. Georgia, 428 US 153(1976) and upheld a procedure in which the capital crimes trials was bifurcated into guilt innocence and sentencing phases. Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Hindu amongst other religions have all varied on the penalty and have had an influence in the way many countries impose capital punishment on the constitution.
Crimes such as treason, terrorism, murder of all degrees, and robbery with violence amongst several others as in the constitution are all punishable by death, no deterrent sentences for such.
Related Justice essays
- Dworkin?s Theory of Equality and Individual Responsibility
- Criminal Justice (2)
- Substitutes for Evidence
- Behavioral Profiling
- Sentencing Project
- Aboriginal Over-Representation
- Rough Draft
- Brown vs. Board of Education
- Are all Organizational Changes Beneficial?
- Parole and Probation: Supervision after Conviction