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United States Transport System

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1750

George Washington and General Edward Braddock initiated the construction of a road that was later named after the General “Braddock Road”. The road a little larger than a path (Skidmore 163).

The initial idea was to make connection between St. Louis and Baltimore but the plan was delayed for about 61 years (Skidmore 163).

1790

Inception of private toll roads construction which was coupled with an increase in mobility as was later noted in Pierson (78, qtd. in Skidmore 162) in the novel the “M-Factor” that detail the American history.

Earlier roads were poorly built with fewer resources devoted in their construction and thus distance limitation too (Klein and Majewski n. pag, qtd. in Skidmore 162).

1792

The first private turnpike was chartered in Pennsylvania that span 62 miles from Lancaster to Philadelphia (Skidmore 162).

1808

Planning of the construction of the Erie Canal initiated (Skidmore 162).

Construction of the road favored by George Washington passing across the Allegheny mountains that was constructed during the times of Jefferson and his administration (Skidmore 162). This became possible as proceeds from sale of federal lands went into the project (Skidmore 163).

1810

Availability of over 400 private turnpike roads by 1810 (Klein and Majewski, qtd. in Skidmore 162).

1811

Inception of the extension of the Braddock Road to run from Cumberland, Maryland through to Wheeling, West Virginia (initially Virginia) (Skidmore 163).

1817

Ground breaking by New York Governor DeWitt Clinton for the Erie Canal construction (Skidmore 162).

1822

Although during his first inauguration James Monroe stressed the urgency of internal improvement, he later turned down Cumberland/ National Road repair (Skidmore 162).

1825

October 26, 1825 saw the completion of Erie Canal that became an engineering marvel of that time (Sadowski n. pag. qtd. in Skidmore 162).

1837

Dwindling interests in roads construction as Jackson leaves office in March (Skidmore 165).

Although quite dramatic at that time, the might riverboats were limited to the rivers (Skidmore 165).

Emergence of railroads as a new conveyance fascination (Skidmore 165).

1838

Extension of the road from West Virginia to Springfield in Ohio (Skidmore 163).

The National Road’s last appropriation by the federal government was done in 1838 (Skidmore 165).

1841

Extension of the road from Ohio to Vandalia, Illinois totaling 800 miles although it never reached its intended goal (“National Road” 10, qtd. in Skidmore 163).

1862

The federal government firmly backs the railway development after the signing of the Pacific Railroad Act by President Abraham Lincoln (Skidmore 165 - 166).

1879

Federal Government grants Ohio and Maryland all the rights for the National Road to become free (Crumrin 11, qtd. in Skidmore 165).

1880

The Bicyclists in 1880 formed a league called “League of American wheelmen” that grew fast and started lobbying for better roads (Hornung 256, qtd. in Skidmore 166).

1909

Although outside the city limits of Wayne County, Woodward Avenue in Detroit became the first public road to use concrete for its construction in 1909 (Skidmore 166).

The “Good Roads Movement” was gathering momentum at that time (Skidmore 166).

1913

The Lincoln Highway’s construction was started in 1913 that was to run from San Francisco to New York (Skidmore 169).

1919

TRIH’s (Theodore Roosevelt International Highway’s) planning was started on February 1919 that became the longest road running from Portland, Maine through Portland Oregon, to Canada through Niagara up to Windsor then back to U. S. at Detroit (Skidmore 169).

1922

By this time, 9 transcontinental highways had been named that according to Hokanson (95, qtd. in Skidmore 169) were names that were well deserved like Lincoln Highway and TRIH.

1926

The States Highway Departments and the Federal Government cooperated in numbering highways in 1926 (Skidmore 170).

1930

Increased development of street rail transport system (Russell n. pag. qtd. in Skidmore 168) that extended over a three decade period threatening road transport.

1949

Conviction of renowned corporations under violations of antitrust laws in 1949 due to their actions that killed the mass transit system (Skidmore 169).

1956

Interstate Highway System legislation signed in 1956 by President Eisenhower (Skidmore 171).

1994

Change of name of the league to the “League of American Bicyclists” (Sturges n. pag. qtd. in Skidmore 166).

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