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The European Discovery of America

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The colony of New York was on of the colonies most affected by the British policies in the time after the French and Indian war. British officials had great interest in tapering imperial controls and imposing taxes on the colonies to finance their administrative and protection costs. Like in other places, New Yorkers opposed the newly established policies and resulted to aggressive protest, especially in the case of the stamp act.

The Dutch people, who were very enterprising, had just emerged from a long contest with Spain. The return of peace in their country founded many active sprits that yearned for new adventures, and the work of Hudson gave them an inviting new field. Hudson became a celebrity from the very first settlements in the metropolis that would later become the home of an imperial commonwealth- New York City. Having made an exploration of the river that bears his name, Hudson started a seas journey back to Europe with the news of his new discovery of the great river and the adjacent country, which offered every desired inducement for traders or settlers. Most attracting was the fertility of the soil, shown by the great abundance of the vegetables and grains that were possessed by the Indians and many valuable furs that could be attained at a very little cost.

New York was different from other colonies in that there were a noteworthy number of loyalists in its ranks, conceivably as many as one-half of the residents. It is for this reason that the colonial assembly in New York remained in the hands of loyalist until sometimes after Concord and Lexington. In the early stages, Americans gained buoyancy in victories at Crown Point and Fort Ticonderoga. The Dutch played an important part in the development of the New York City and the United States of America in general. In 1613, the first Dutch settlers founded numerous villages and a small town that the named "New Amsterdam" on the North America’s Eastern coast. This small town would afterward become the New York City. The colonists used their acquaintance of construction to shape the place and make excellent arable farmland.

It is true that New York City is the tester for the rest of the country. The area around the city was a battleground for many of the battles of the American Revolutionary War, including the Battle of Brooklyn, which was the largest battle. When British won, they occupied the city of New York. The inauguration of the first president of the United States, George Washington, on April 30, 1789 took place in front of the Federal Hall and the city of New York served as the capital of the United States. The development of the modern New York City traces its roots to the consolidation of the five boroughs in 1898, a building and an economic boom following the World War II and the great depression. All through its history, New York City has been a main port of entry for scores of immigrants, and its economic and cultural influences have transformed it into one of the key urban areas in the United States, and the world in general.

The famous Erie Canal was proposed in 1808 and completed in 1825. The canal connects the waters of Lake Erie in the west to the Hudson River situated in the east.  On July 4, 1817, Governor Dewitt Clinton broke ground for the building of the canal. When it was completed on October 26, 1825, it was the engineering amazing thing of the time. It comprised of 18 aqueducts, which carries the canal over rivers and ravines, and 83 locks, with a go up of 568 feet from the Hudson River to Lake Erie. The Erie Canal made enormous input to the wealth and significance of New York City, Buffalo, and New York State. The canal, boosted trade by opening up the eastern and overseas markets to the Midwestern farm goods and enabled migration to the West.

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