The serial bombings of Japanese cities by nuclear weapons were carried out by the United States of America Army during the Second World War. The decision to drop atomic bombs in cities of Japan was reached when President Harry Truman ordered the US Army Air Force to counterattack Japan. The American soldiers bombed the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
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The attacks were intended to put an end to World War II. President Truman’s initial intention was to force Japan to unconditionally surrender from further fighting. The President stated that America was willing to end the wars but Japan was not ready to stop fighting. The Japanese military was refusing to give up the fights and hence America was forced to bomb the Japanese cities. Japanese soldiers were equally prepared to defend their nation from the attack. President Harry Truman stated that the decision of whether or not to use atomic bombs was the most difficult for America to make. However, America had no other alternative given that Japan refused to surrender unconditionally. Initially, America demanded that Japan should surrender unconditionally. In the demands, it was stated that Japan’s refusal to surrender would result into massive destruction. On the other hand, Japanese military rejected the request for unconditional surrender.
However, President Truman’s statement did not mention the types of weapons that wold be used in the attacks and it came as a shock to the Japanese soldiers when they were attacked through nuclear weapons. Mr. Harry Truman, who became the33rd President of the United States, was advised and warned against using nuclear weapons towards Japan but he turned deaf ears. The bombings were also facilitated by US Army General Groves who insisted that bombing Japan would the only way to end the wars with Japan.
In mid 1945, an atomic bomb was dropped by a plane at the city of Hiroshima. This led to massive killing of nearly one hundred thousand Japanese. Only two days after the first bombing, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan and dropped a second atomic bomb at the city of Nagasaki, leaving more than eighty thousand people dead. In the subsequent years, another two hundred thousand people died due to burns and illnesses related to nuclear radiations. These three bombings led to massive deaths of numerous Japanese citizens. Consequently, Japan was forced to surrender in August 1945.
However, military critics believed that Japan was already on its knees and the bombings were simply unnecessary. In my opinion, President Harry Truman’s decision to attack Japan using nuclear weapons was malevolence, inhumane and led to unreasonable deaths and suffering of innocent citizens of Japan. The negative effects of the bombings are still felt up to date. It had long term consequences to the Japanese peeople which could not be easily controlled or dealt with. It also led to the uproar of persistent conflicts and enmity between the two nations.
Furthermore, a new generation of nuclear terrorists was created. I would further argue that President Truman had a hidden personal motive other than ending the wars. This is because as at the time of the bombing attacks, Japan had already given up the fights and she was ready to surrender.
Since ever, no other nation other than America has ever used nuclear weapons on another nation. This thus gives United States of America a bad global image. Even though President Truman believed that the decision to attack Japan using nuclear was the only alternative that America had to defense herself, I would argue that the decision was influenced by personal motives and not military principles. Furthermore, President Truman and his military men could not foresee the long term effects of the nuclear attacks on Japan. For instance, they could not visualize the health hazards imposed by radiations from the nuclear weapons on the Japanese citizens.
In conclusion, the nuclear attacks on Japan during World War II are clear indications of how a nation may misuse its nuclear capability to harm other nations. In my opinion, such capability may be used in productive ways other than attacking other nations, for instance, to produce nuclear energy for industrial use.
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