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The Causes of the French Revolution

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In 1789, France was faced by financial difficulties, which included taxation. Despite these difficulties, France remained the richest country in Europe, and its citizens enjoyed freedom as far as politics were concern. In addition, they also enjoyed the lower level of casual discipline as compared to the other Europeans. Although France citizens had all this freedom, there was some degree of rigidity that led to France taking the blame for the slow revolution. As the revolution was on, power was devolved to a stage of having legislative powers. These then led to a wide loss of blood and discord through conflict of interest that resulted (Coffin and Lerner, 2002). Materialism was the key cause of fallout of French leaders for a long time, which lead to The French Revolution.

In the summary of the introduction, there were a number of factors, which led to the France revolution. It was their materialism philosophies which led to toppling of many leaders. Materialism became their statement of belief of the Great French Revolution. the revolutionary theorist recognized no external authority. Everything they dealt with from religion to natural science, from community to political setups, were a subject of scrutiny to the most probing criticism. Some of the causes were structural as they were combined with those, which were critical and dominant at that time. As it can be said, revolution did not came up just because of one cause, but because of a number of events that occurred as a series and in turn lead to restructuring of political powers, society, and reduction of freedom of an individual.

Causes of revolution in France in 1789

France revolution of 1789 had a number of causes, which were stimulated, by the political, social, and economic state of France at that time. These three factors, the citizens felt that they were not contented and thus needed some revolution. In addition to these factors, the American Revolution had an influence on the France revolution to some extent (Coffin and Lerner, 2002).

Political discontentment as a cause of France revolution

During the 17th and the 18th century, absolute government took the ruling in France as they had a king who had all the powers (Coffin and Lerner 2002). During this regime, no one was suppose to criticize the government as he or she could be imprisoned even without hearing charges for such action. During voting before the revolution, the then king had emphasized on block voting rather than head count. Because of these, people of the third estate complained about it as they felt that they were being betrayed.

The discontentment by this people led to the people of two estates coming together so as to overpower those from the third estate and thus prevent them from being in power. During that time, when the two states managed to overpower through votes those from the third estate, the president stated that that did not mark the France revolution. At that time, corruption, inefficiencies, and injustices were dominant in France.

There were different laws in different parts of the country to show the level of disunity that then called for revolution. All the weaknesses that were dominant in the France political system it gave its citizens to advocate for revolution. At that time, the citizens had no power without the consent of the then king.

Economic discontentment

The France kings contributed heavily to this discontentment because, in the 18th century, the government spent a lot of money than it received through taxes. Earlier before the 18th century in1777, it was declared that the republic was bankrupt (Coffin and Lerner, 2002). Taxes were collected unfairly as the common people paid more than those in power did such that they could even hardly afford bread.

It is true to say that the tax system was also unfair and unjust. Most of the people could not afford to pay taxes and went without paying. The churches covered most of the parts in France, but despite these, they did not pay any tax.

Social causes

During the 18th century, people in France where divided according to their social classes. These classes were referred to as estates. The clergy lived in the first estate as the noble men lived in the second estate. The third was made up of those who worked in the city. Due to these, the city you belonged to determined ones powers and rights.

In the first estate, the number of people was approximately 1% and owned about 10% of the entire land in France. The second class was about 2% and owned 35% as the third class was about 97% and owed 55% (Coffin and Lerner, 2002). Comparing the number of people at the third class with the size of land they owed, it can easily be said that they were overcrowded and thus were discontented. Due to these classifications, most of the classes had their own reasons to give for stating that they were discontented. For instance, the city workers said that they were being under paid as the first-class people on the other side said that they never paid any tax. This strategy also can be said that it was unjust, unfair, and full of corruption.


In my option, I can say that, revolution in France was stimulated by the political, social, and the economic problems. In most cases, people were not satisfied with the king’s way of action, as, it was biased, corrupt, and unjust. For instance, the first two estate people enjoyed many privileges as those in the third estate did not since they had to pay many taxes and could hardly afford a living. Due to this constraint, the third-class people could not get along with the first two classes. In addition, the king spent a lot of money than they could rise through taxes and as a result, was high time for France to change through revolution.

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