The year 1945 did not simply represent the end of the second war, but it also signaled the beginning of new relationships between various countries. Many scholars have had numerous debates regarding the actual onset of the Cold War era. For instance, some of them contend that the Cold War probably began prier to the end of World War Two. On the other hand, some individuals have extended the argument that the Cold War originated during the First World War. However, some scholars have linked the onset of the Cold War to the events that transpired immediately after the Second World War. “The Cold war refers the continuing state from approximately 1946-1991 of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars, and economic competition between the Communist world and the Western world” (Ross, 2002). The two primary powers that were engaged in this war were the USA- together with other nations that were allied to it-and the Soviet Union, which was backed by most of Eastern nations. In my view, the following issues accounted for the onset of the Cold War events.
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The ideological cleavage between Truman and Stalin represented the tensions that arose between the abov mentioned power blocks. In this case, the Soviet Union had numerous disagreements with the USA, which can be explained as follows. First, the two powers failed to come to terms on how Europe was to be managed in the post war period (Gaddis, 2005).
Secondly, the USA declined to provide Russia with the necessary economic aid, despite being aware of how the Russian economy and infrastructure had been ravaged during the war. The American failure to offer the lend-lease support confirmed the Western hostility. This culminated into a serious antagonism between them.
Thirdly, “according to American recommendations regarding disarmament, nuclear weapons were to be gradually abandoned” (Ross, 2002). This strategy would ensure that they monopolized the possession of nuclear weapons. Nonetheless, the Soviet Union supported a complete disarmament of all nuclear weapons. It was, therefore, difficult for them to reach a common conclusion on how to handle nuclear disarmament. Disagreements over disarmament yielded a lot of suspicion and tension between the USA, and its rival the Soviet Union.
The USA also abandoned the isolatiionist strategy in world affairs, which it had practiced for a long period. In this case, the USA embraced a new strategy of containment policy. The USA contended that the Soviet expansionism could only be ended through strong opposition and resistance. The Cold War was actually sparked off by the implementation of the Truman’s Doctrine, in 1947. This doctrine entailed economic and security support to Turkey and Greece. It was meant to avert any potential communist revolutions. The 1940s and 1950s saw massive expansion of the Cold War. This was exhibited by the military and ideological competition between the two blocks.
“The Cold War and its events have had a significant impact on the world today, and it is often referred to in popular culture, especially films and novels about spies” (Zubok, 2008). The above discussion reveals the major factors and events that culminated into the Cold War crisis. The Cold War, therefore, split the world into two ideological blocks. “The Cold War ended after the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, leaving the United States as the dominant military power” (Gaddis, 2005).