The article’s author is making an attempt to clearly explain strategic plans forwarded to end slave trafficking along East African coast between 1816 and 1827. The author points out attempts by the colonial governments to end the scheme and also the mode by which this business was carried out. Author has discussed that slave trade was a major cause of conflict between colonial governments like British and Germans and Asians who were opposed to the move. Additionally, author has revealed that Mauritian and Seychellois trades played a major role in shaping relations between Anglo- Omani and Anglo-Merina during this period. However, author has also revealed that the trade ceased due to pressure from British government and economic downturn in the affected regions.
However, slave trade was carried out by under covered means. Colonial governments were aware of the trade and perpetrators involved but the way it was carried out seems to have been a mystery. Author reveals that it is only through statistical methods that the government could have estimated the intensity of the trade. Demographic data was to be obtained by census means especially in Madagascar and East African coastline where Asians captured slaves and transported them to Asian regions such as Mauritius and Seychelles.
In addition, by 1830 British government had fiercely intervened so as to contain the situation. British government had planned to introduce legislation in the national assembly in the affected colonies which could have helped to deport those people who had illegally been brought into the region by slave traders. The move did not augur well to the planters who were in dire need of human labor in their farms in Mauritius and Seychelles. In September 1830, governor of Mauritius by the name Charles Colville informed secretary of state colonies who was based in London about his countries stand on the move which brought controversy between the British and Asians.
Nevertheless, not all British citizens were on the move to contain slavery. Some Britons sympathized with the planters and tried to object the move by their government. They viewed slavery as a major contributor to the economic development because slaves were working hard for free which helped in minimizing the cost of labor. In addition, by then the time British government had the plan to introduce legislatures in their colonial states market however it got stuck in credit stagnation and fall of money market prices.
Therefore, this situation made British citizens fear the worse if their government’s plan was to be implemented and succeeded. A committee was formed by the British government to assess the impact of the plan. This committee which was headed by senior persons of the government came up with a report which guaranteed that implementation of the plan could have caused an imbalance between the colonies.
On the contrary, slave trade though a crime against humanity, the author has revealed its benefits to the states which carried it out. Among the benefits were growth of economy, and infrastructural development at low costs. Besides, the human trafficking as commodities had a discerning impact on the regions these people had originated from. For instance, the trade had a significance impact on southwestern region of Indian Ocean and particularly on the expansion of Mascarene trade. In addition, slavery played a crucial role towards the rise of Merina kingdom in the highland regions of Madagascar. It also enhanced in strengthening state relations between colonies, Britain and France, and in social and political development activities on Grindelia in nineteenth century.
However, Mascarene trade is seen as a central instrument to understanding up till now neglected Diasporas of people who speak Malagasy language who may have entailed large movement of people along the Indian Ocean basin during the slavery period. In addition, British government efforts to suppress the slavery trade in Mauritius and Seychelles served as an enhancer to the growth of clove industry in Zanzibar and Pemba. This is mainly because many African slaves were absorbed into the industry. Besides, that growth attracted British imperialist along the coastline of east Africa in nineteenth century (Allen, 2001).
However, author has used reliable sources in the development of the article. For instance the article on ‘Migration and Countries of the South’ has helped in the development of the article since it discusses on the slavery in a much extensive perspective from as early as seventeenth century when slavery trade was practiced by only the Asians with the intention of improving rice production in their states.
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In addition, this article has elaborated slave trade along the whole of Indian Ocean and more extensively on Madagascar and Mozambique among other affected states along the coastline. The source article has also discussed on the benefits and negative impacts of the slavery on the source and destination lands of the slaves. It also has elaborated on inhuman acts that Asians carried out on African slaves so as to prevent them from marrying women of Asian origin.
In conclusion, author has succeeded in achieving the objectives of the writing of the article. The article has reliable information which author has based on historical facts and figures. Author has used simple language without technical jargons which makes a reader to understand the historical concept it has. Writing style has contributed much to the achievement of author’s objective. The article is a success of hard work the author had to do so as to make this article relevant to the important historical concept it has which has to be a source of future information.
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