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I chose to do Roman Civilization as a course due to my deep passion for the history as a subject. This kind of a passion and flaring subject was developed from my rich background in the subject considering that the Russian school curriculum places much emphasis on the world history. As a result of my ten years of studying history in the Russian school, I came to acknowledge the significance of studying history. I held the strong belief that everyone should know the past in a bid to predict and influence the possible outcome of future events. Proper understanding of our history is the only way through which we can live not to repeat the past mistakes of our ancestors. This is my drive to pursue history as my subject of choice.
In the course of studying world history, I developed an undying interest in the Roman history because of its rich cultures, social lives, political organization, economic activities, and ancient civilizations. Different perspectives of the Roman civilization as portrayed in the Ridley Scottand’s movie “Gladiator” made me marvel at the ancient civilizations. The extra-ordinary Romans boasted of their magnificent architecture, operational legal structures and functional forms of government. Additionally, the Roman soldiers were outstanding in their strategies at the battle fields and they extensively borrowed new ideas from the neighboring Etruscans, Greeks, and other nations in a bid to advance their own civilizations through innovations.
Luckily enough, coin collection has been my hobby from early childhood when my parents would take me to different countries on a tour. I was privileged to tour 35 countries across the continents. In all these instances, I would take with me a representative coin of the countries. At the age of 14, I had made a large collection of coins. It is most important to note that Numismatics became one of my greatest hobbies and this is the drive behind my choice of the ancient Roman golden coin artifact. There is nothing I enjoy more than keeping the collection of coins be it a new one or old.
The Roman coin named “Augustalis” of Frederick II Hohenstaufen remains the most important Roman artifact that I have ever seen in the history of the ancient Roman. The golden coin of the ancient Roman civilization is strikingly minted from the most sophisticated technological innovations of the Roman. As I look at the ancient golden coin, I keep on wondering how the Romans could manage to mint such a coin. Secondly, the documentary fact that the coin is dated back to the period 1230-50 A.D. raised my enthusiasm to choose it as the artifact of choice. Currently, the mere sight of this precious artifact motivated me to continue with the collection of coins and I consider it a great honor and privilege on my part to have the ancient coin particular from the Roman culture.
1.0 Physical description of the Artifact
The “Augustalis” of Frederick II Hohenstaufen alongside other Roman artifacts are readily available in the Metropolitan Museum. The coin was purely minted from gold. According to the historical information given at the British museum, the coin was introduced in 1231 under the new constitution in Sicily by Frederick II. The eagle featured at the back of the coin symbolizes the imperial rule of the emperor during his reign. The “Augustalis” coin is extremely fine with a pleasant feel between the fingers. Even though the coin was minted several years ago, no one would ever imagine it was used during the ancient Rome because its fineness and sparkling surface. The illustration of the selected historic Roman “Augustalis” is presented in Figure1 below.
2.0 The historical Importance of the “Augustalis”
The artifact plays a significant role in providing documentary evidence of the historic reign of Emperor Frederick II that perpetuated the Roman imperial rule across the world. The eagle used at the back of the artifact symbolizes power and strength as commonly used in the Roman culture. The existence of this artifact confirms that the reign of Frederick II over the Roman Empire at the time is not just a historical creation but a factual reality.
The artifact coin further reveals much of undocumented information about the Roman Empire in regard to their culture, political system, economic activities, and social lives. As could be seen from the artifact, the Roman Empire heavily relied on trade and commerce to sustain and expand its territories into other continents across the world such as Africa, Asia, North and South America and Australia. Commerce seemed to be the main drive behind its conquest of other foreign territories. Against speculations that the Roman Empire relied heavily of its expansive army to conquer, I now know that trade and overwhelming economic power was the major strength behind it colonial strength at the time.
3.0 Hopes for the Roman Civilization Course
As an aspiring history student, this particular course will play a crucial role in developing my understanding of the Roman Empire alongside other ancient civilizations associated with the empire throughout the world. Since the establishment of the Roman Empire around 753 B.C and 200 A.D., there are a number of political and social advancements that came as a result of the Roman rule. Through this course, I will be able to understand and appreciate the origin of centralized governments, being practiced in many parts of the world today, and how Roman emperors such as Emperor Frederick II and Julius Caesar influenced various forms and structures of the present governments into what they are today.
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Secondly, this course will help me understand various aspects of the rich Roman culture. The Romans conducted rituals and festivals for various events such as funerals, childbirth, marriage and other activities which can only be expressed though mythology. The mythology of the Roman events, features, structures and dignitaries of the time would only be expressed and revealed through artifacts. The artifacts give the coming generations an opportunity to learn about events specific to the Roman culture. It is important to note that these historic Roman cultural events are best illustrated on the ancient art works.
Historical civilizations and culture are subject to language translations. As such, this course will build my capacity to reconstruct accurate information from archives and artifact such as Armor of Infante and other categories of arts. Through artifacts, one can learn about the cultural events that had been given little attention in clothing, home life, leisure activities, music, education and law. Although these aspects of Roman culture may be documented in other sources, artifacts provide a different perspective of the Roman Empire to the outside world.
In conclusion, Augustalis” reveals several undocumented yet important information about the classical cultural, social, and political aspects of the Roman Empire. Unlike other forms of artifacts, the art coin is necessary for the general understanding of the Roman Empire such as architecture, forms of government, politics, industrial and technological advancement. I have really learnt more about the contributions of the artifact to the success of the Roman Empire in conquering foreign colonies by the use of its economic power.
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