World War II took shape in 1939. It lasted until 1945. The war saw the conflicts and attacks among many nations of the world. As the war ensued, all the powerful nations tried to prove that they were the best in the War. At the end of the War, Japan and Germany lost to their enemies. The War greatly tampered with the social structure and political alignment of the entire world. As a result of this War, there was the formation of the United Nations (UN) so as enhance international cooperation among the warring nations. United Nations body was also formed so as to prevent future conflicts in the world. As a consequence of this war, United States of America and the Soviet Union rose up to be the most powerful nations of the world. Due to the greed for power, the Cold War emanated from the aftermath of the World War II. In the meantime, the European great powers declined, and their colonies in Africa and Asia gained their independence. Countries all over the world, especially in Europe, began stabilizing their efforts to improve their postwar relations.
The main causes of the Cold War were due to the growing competition among nations as they tried to recover economically due to the adverse effects of World War II. These problems of economic power and general power rivalry resulted in the Cold War. The United States was pushing for free trade throughout the whole world. However, this opinion was greatly rejected by the Soviet Union. It was impossible to evade the consequences of these conflicts. Eventually, war ensued. The major issues of concern were the rising insecurity as nations continued to attack each other. With the continuous advancements in science and technology, new wartime weapon systems were developing. This made the situation worse as it appeared as an incentive towards the War. This had a great effect on the postwar relations that the United States of America maintained.
Commercial issues were also shared and resolved. This is because encouraging peace among the bordering nations implied that they could trade with each other and carry other economic activities with each other. This implies that the peace treaties were counter productive. Economic growth and development was restored among the warring nations. This implied that the citizens of these countries could now live their lives without fears of attack. As a result, of the signed treaties of peace, the concept of balance of power among European nations was introduced. This implied that individuals were allowed their right to freedom and equality. This was a major turning point among the European nations who had lived in fear of attacks and the war. This also meant that no one had the right to dictate a nation. From the analysis, it is clear that the war would not have occurred if there had been balance of power. However, due to dictatorship and imposition of leaders, the offended nations had ganged up against the decision to impose a leader. This meant that the implementation of this concept had resolved even would-be conflicts in the future.
The United States of America had implemented the foreign policy that there was a solution to every conflict. This implied that they had to implement all their tactics before coming up with the final solution. This also meant that they were ready to go to war if it would solve their problem. After the World War II, the nation was determined to retain communism in its jurisdiction. Portugal, influenced by Britain, allowed England’s navy base off the southern coast of France. These were all commercial acquisitions that had become a reality due to the Peace of Utrecht. This is an indication that the treaties signed during this congress had borne good fruits for the involved nations. By allowing access to transportation routes, it implied that these nations could trade freely. By doing so, they would enhance economic growth and development of the involved nations. It is important to note that Britain, being one of the most powerful nations at the time, had brought hope to the smaller nations that were not able to trade with other nations. This opened opportunities for the European nations. This is the basis of the prosperity that these nations enjoy currently.
The adopted culture also had a great effect on the foreign policy and its effects on international relations. There was no culture and no divine leadership. The barbarians who overthrew the empire had no leadership skills and paganism was all over the empire. It was an empire with no direction. It was, therefore, very important for the cultures in the empire to fuse so as to restore orderliness. The people needed leadership for representation and implementation of policies. It was not until the fusion of the cultures that there was order restoration. People were now able to go about their daily activities with confidence. A people without a direction or rule make no progress. Just like a nation, the forces that speak on behalf of its citizens must unite for effective and efficient leadership.
Economically, most of the nations benefited a lot since they could trade with the other nations. This is because they were in agreement on crucial matters. It also meant they could produce what they had a comparative advantage in producing. Eventually, they would trade with the rest of the countries. This would enhance economic growth. Specifically, England and Spain greatly benefited from the good relationships nurtured between them and Britain. Accessing transportation was a major factor towards economic growth and development. This had been made possible by Britain after their established relationships.
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Just before the Second World War, conflicts ensued when the Japanese invaded. When Second World War struck, Germany took control of most of Western Europe. Holland and France were now occupied by Germans. This implied that the acquisitions of Britain, Dutch and France were now under the control of the Japanese. It also meant that the British was the only force that was fighting the Germans back. In the process, East Asia was now controlled by the Japanese. Eventually, in 1941, East Asia agreed to the absolute control by the Japanese. They agreed on issues of provision of security during the war. Later that year, the United States of America intervened so that Japan would stop the agreements. However, while the negotiations were still I progress, Japan invaded American base, Britain, and Burma. Thailand became allies with Japan and declared war against America though it was done indirectly. The Japanese became the most powerful force in East Asia. They remained there for the next three years. The Japanese lost their power when many nations formed forces against her.
The effects of Second World War II were evident. For example, Burma lost enormously economically. Prior to the War, it was the leading country in the export of rice. However, after the warring of the nations of the world, it lost largely in the foreign market. This, coupled with the rapid increase in its population, greatly affected the State of East Asia. Ever since that time, Burma’s economic growth dwindled with each passing year. This state was torn between getting involved with the rest of the world in economic development or going it alone. This coupled with its strong Buddhism practices alienated Burma from cooperating with the rest of the world as each nation strives for economic development.
Over the years, it has been secluded and has not enjoyed the fruits of modernism that each nation seems to benefit from. In this era of globalization, this state continue to dwindle in poverty due to cultural and religious practices and anger that has well over been by passed by the time. However, some efforts seemed to have been put in place when this state joined the United Nations body in 1971. In today’s expanding world and economies, nations are interdependent after the realization of the concepts of comparative and absolute advantage. This implies that no nation is self-sufficient. Therefore, nations must maintain their ties to ensure that they can access all the products that they need for their natives. It is time that nations incorporated modernism in the systems of governance so as to benefit together with the other developed nations.
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Different races coexisted together and learnt how to cooperate towards economic growth. Irrespective of their diverse cultures, they were able to combine their different traditional cultures with this learnt from the western nations. Eventually, they have prospered and are enjoying economic growth and development. After they had been colonized for many years, these nations were able to work together with the western nations so as to learn the things that they did not know. They were able to put aside their differences so as to rebuild their nations. This is an indication of nations that have the need to expand and develop tremendously. The US foreign policy had great effects in the outcomes of the Cold War. However, the leaders were content that it was in the best interests of the natives.