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Middle Ages and Renaissance Periods

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The humanist movement was a system of thought in the Renaissance periods, which ignored religious beliefs and instilled much emphasis on the concept of human values and their worth. It was a philosophical and cultural movement, which led to civilization in Europe in the period between the 14th and 16th centuries. The humanist movement began in Italy with Dante Giovanni Boccaccio and Francesco Petrarch then Italian writers who were responsible for its development (Kreis).  Humanism had its major emphasis on the personal worth of individuals and it laid major importance on their values as opposed to the doctrines of religion.

Humanism was important as it led to increase the level of education as people sought to know Greek and Latin to understand the ancient manuscripts. Such knowledge of Greek and Latin helped them realize the ancient sciences, which had been ignored by Christian scholars for long (Clinte). The church had actually contravened science by stopping great inventors such as Galileo Galilee. The humanist movement led to the spread of education, which was accelerated by the development of the printing press. Entrepreneurship began as a result as individuals started printing various publications in Greek, Latin and Italian leading to the transmission of ideas and information across Europe. This had an educational and economic benefit to society.

Various philosophies of humanism show its closeness to the ancient paganism. The growth of humanism was then steered by the interest in the philosophy, literature and the need to understand the history of the ancient Greece and Rome. This was because many of the humanists read and believed the work of ancient authors as opposed to Christianity. The belief in the human as an agent capable of acting independent of religious dogma was a key turning point of the engagement in various industries that required creativity. The ancient authors did not mind or even believe in the existence of any gods and therefore the humanists followed suit by opposing the various religious beliefs from Christianity. In conclusion, humanism was important in that it marked the end of stifling of personal creative powers by the church, development of education, and the revival of literature.

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