Describe the different motives for colonization and immigration from England to the New World in the seventeenth century; give some specific examples.
The British had different motives in colonizing and immigrating to North America from the early 1600s to the mid 1700s.Henry viii broke with the roman catholic church because it could not allow him to divorce his wife who didn’t bear him a male heir. He initiated the protestant reformation in England which was dissented by many faithful Catholics called the puritans. These dissenters represented threat to unity and their prosecution forced them to migrate to the new world to seek refuge (Deitch 12). The enclosure movement involved lords converting their land from agriculture to sheep rearing as wool became more valuable. This led to serfs being thrown out of the land. The wool industry became more important and led to creation of foreign trade as businessmen migrated to export the wool products. The industry became highly competitive and the entrepreneurs who were forced out of business moved to the new world to seek job opportunities. Second sons of noblemen who were excluded from inheritance by law sought to make their fortune in the new world. Members of the middle class hoped there would be less competition in the new world and the peasants left unemployed by the wool industry sought a way to make a living in the new world.
To what extent did the environment determine the cultural development of the colonies?
The environment determined the cultural development of the colonies in the following ways. Agriculture became less efficient as people lacked land and they resorted to fishing. Many people took care of their own food needs by storing food, grazing animals near the ocean and relying on farming. There developed a diverse religious society which involved Dutch reformed, Lutherans, Anglicans Quakers and English puritans (Deitch 76). The separation of the settlers prevented development of a centralized and unified government. People lived in fear of being abducted as slaves and education was only provided to those who could afford it.
What factors in colonial America contributed to or impeded economic opportunity for new colonists in the 1600s?
In 1600s England, Scotland, France, Sweden, Spain and Netherlands colonized eastern North America. The factors that contributed to economic opportunity for new colonialists were highly developed military, governmental, entrepreneurial and naval capabilities. The Portuguese and Spanish old experience of conquest, colonization and new oceanic ship navigation skills provided the ability, tools and desire to colonize new world. The Tudors through early capitalism gave colonies the characteristics of merchant-based investment that needed less government control (Henderson 49). The factors that impeded the economic opportunity for new colonies were previous colonial failure. Americas also destroyed some colonies which reduced opportunities for colonies, depletion of essential capital resources and lack of enough human labor as most people were held as slaves.
List the reasons behind the phenomenal population growth of the colonies in the eighteenth century.
The reasons behind the phenomenal population growth of the colonies in the eighteenth century are industrial revolution and production rise. People migrated to industrious places as the industries’ increased need for manpower provided employment opportunities to many people (Deitch 92). Increase in slavery importation, increased immigration, improved foreign trade, high technology, improved education system and peace led to improvement in standards of living leading to population rise. Cultural assimilation of German, Irish, Jews and Asians also led to phenomenal growth of population.
Ascertain the reasons behind the evolving American identity of the colonists even while they became more closely connected to England during the eighteenth century.
American identity of the colonialists evolved as they become more closely connected to England during the ninetieth century. The rising population of Americans, high technology and ideologies, high political powers and increased industrial revolution made America famous. Also, a consumer uprising that occurred in the mid-eighteenth century saw a significant number of colonists purchase British goods. This shared experience as consumers brought various colonists closer to one another creating some sort of American identity (Henderson 24). In addition, evolution of American identity of the colonists was precipitated by Indians.
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