One event that has for centuries remained pivotal in the Bosnia is the Civil War. The purpose of highlighting and discussing the historical aspects of the Civil War in in-depth is due to the profound significance and implications it holds in history of the Bosnia people that has led to some unprecedented events that shaped the history in Bosnia, especially in the East. Essentially, Intervention in ethnic conflict marked outstanding achievement for elusive peace that had long been sought by a number of strategies. The purpose of this paper is to analyze role of outside intervention in the Bosnia conflict.
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One of the biggest challenges to the modern powers is the intervention in civil conflicts. An analysis of the events surrounding the Civil Bosnian war reveals that outside support significantly contributed to the end of the conflict. This fact is supported by Balch-Lindsay, Enterline and Joyce (2006) in stating that “the central thrust of our study suggests that had NATO allies failed in their efforts to deter Russia from overt intervention on the side of Yugoslavia, the civil war in Kosovo most likely would have raged for much longer than it did.” This points out to the fact that outside intervention led to a speedy end of civil war in Bosna. The support for the opposition in the Bosnia civil war led to a speedy settlement of peace and an immediate end to the conflict.
Civil war in Bosnia can be analyzed from the perspective of benefactors and losers given the profound role of outside interventions. The benefactors in this case were the civilians especially the Bosnian Serb and Bosnian Croat entities within Bosnia and Herzegovina who were under ethnic cleansing by the Bosnian Serb forces, supported by the Serbian government of
Slobodan Miloševi%u0107 and the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA). The losers in this case were the Serbian government of Slobodan Miloševi%u0107 and the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) who not only lost the war but also had most of their leaders prosecuted for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
The case of Bosnia supports Bowen’s thesis which is a direct counter-arguments of Huntington’s. This is because the analysis of the Bosnia crisis is anchored upon the cultural and ideological differences that both have their roots in identities and diversity. It is these entrenched identities and diversity that precipitate the need for war on the basis of these ancient andd unchanging differences. This is supported by Bowen’s thesis that argues that identities are ancient, unchanging and motivate people to persecute and kill. In addition to the above, diversity inevitably leads to violence (Bowen, 1996) as in the case of the diversified tribes of Bosnia.
The case of Bosnia also supports Bowen’s thesis because of the fact that motives for committing acts of violence against innocent civilians are not only cultural but also political. The main driving factor to Bosnia civil war was about as a result of the breakup of Yugoslavia. This can be analyzed from the political perspective because of the main reason for Slobodan Milosevic was to secure the Serbian territory. Leaders therefore lead people into violence with the principle aim of protecting their political interests as in the case of Slobodan Milosevic.
In conclusion, it can be discerned that the Bosnia crisis is not an isolated event that outside interventions have been used to end conflict. Kosovo, Somalia, and Haiti are the most recent examples that demonstrate the roles of identity, culture and politics in giving rise to violence. However, it is realized that outside interventions is most likely to be high in cases of humanitarian crisis.
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