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New York City

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New York City is one of the most populous areas in the United States and the world in general and is the center of the New York Metropolitan Area. New York puts forth a considerable impact upon global finance, commerce, media fashion, education, research, art, and entertainment. Being the United Nations’ headquarter, New York is an essential center for international affairs and is seen by many as the cultural capital of the entire world. The city is commonly referred to as New York City in order to distinguish it from the state of New York, to which it belongs. The city is strategically situated on one of the world’s largest natural harbors and it consists of five major regions, which were consolidated in the year 1898. They include Staten Island, The Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn and Manhattan. The city is the most densely populated major American city, boosting of people from diverse ethnic backgrounds that is depicted by the more than 800 languages spoken in the city. This makes it the world’s most linguistically diverse city. The City’s Metropolitan Area’s population is the largest in the United States.        

New York City traces its roots back in the 16th century, when it was founded as a trading center by colonists of the Dutch Republic. It has been the United States largest city since 1790, having served as a capital between 1785 and 1790. The statue of liberty is one of New York’s landmarks, which was put up in the 19th century, and is internationally renowned symbol of the United States and its democracy. Apart from the statue of liberty, the city has many districts and landmarks, which have become popular and known to a huge number of its visitors each year. For instance, Times Square, dubbed ‘the crossroads of the world’, is the brightly illuminated center of the Broadway theater district. It is believed to be one of the busiest pedestrian intersections in the world and is a key hub of the global entertainment industry. Ney York City is home to many world renowned skyscrapers, parks, and bridges. Wall Street, the city’s financial district in lower Manhattan, functions as the world’s financial capital and is home to the world’s largest stock exchange by market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange. Manhattan’s real estate market is amongst the world’s most prized and expensive.         

The present day New York City was occupied by many Algonquian tribes of indigenous Americas. Members of the Wappinger Confederation, the Weckquaesgeek, occupied the present day Bronx and the northern part of Manhattan, while the Rock way sub tribe occupied the present day Queens. The 16th century saw the founding of New Amsterdam, a Dutch trading settlement on the southern part of Manhattan. The city started to take form as New Amsterdam was transformed to British New York. The city became a region for several key battles through the revolutionary war. New York City grew significance under the British rule as a main trading port. It hosted the famous trial of Zenger Peter in 1735, which aided in establishing the freedom of press in North America. Columbia University is one of the city’s oldest institutions of higher education, having been founded by George the Second of Britain in 1754. Numerous colleges and Universities have since been developed in the city, including New York University and Rockefeller University.      

Being home to the largest port in the United States, New York City experiences a wave of huge immigrants influx led by German and Irish immigrants between 1825 and 1865. However, they came to realize that the city was not so welcoming to immigrants. Calvert Vaux and Olmstead Fredrick transformed the city with their design for Central Park. Social instability was seen to run high among the working classes climaxing with the 1863 draft riots. The Gilded period after the Civil War experienced the rise of the negative side of New York, where robber barons thrived and the gap between the rich and the poor widened considerably. The political class was not spared either, which was illustrated by Hall Tammany and Tweed William, who descended into absolute corruption. As the city started growing tremendously and was begun the construction of the skyscrapers that defined the cities iconic skyline, millions of immigrants arrived in New York. Most of the immigrants lived in squalid conditions and occupied the most detrimental jobs in the city.

After the First World War, Manhattan acquired its status as the World’s cultural capital, becoming home to new industries in advertising, radio broadcasting, public relation, and magazines. The city has also experienced great political leaders, for instance Mayor Guardia Fiorello, who took over from Jimmy Walker, who was forced to resign after the Great Depression. The city has also experienced worst events in terrorism. The World Trade center towers, one of the city’s most admirable skyscrapers, came down as a result of a terrorist attack in which thousands lives of Americans were lost.

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