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India is an ancient urban culture country. It is one of the most developed countries, and recently became of the most powerful. Thus, there are few reasons for its fast development.
Firstly, India`s population is very bug. In 90s India has referred to the list of the medium countries according to its urbanization. Nevertheless, it has placed in the second position, after China, judging by the general number of the residents. The number of India`s cities are in the stable process of development and growth. In 1901 in the Indian`s map were only 1900 cities, in1981 the number of cities was 4000, and in1991 the number of cities have increased to 4700 (Rorabacher, 2010). The economy of India slowly has been growing. However, during the last two years, it has been developing faster, as the central bank has been pressured to make the interest rates lower than usual. India Gross Domestic Product, according to Rorabacher, was worth $1729 billion in the 2010 or 2.79 percent of the whole world`s economy. Thus, the country’s economy has grown by 7.8 per cent in March 2011. Currently, India takes the fourth place with $4.2 trillion in the world`s economy. It is expected that over the next few decades India will be one of the countries to lead a global economic growth. India takes the fourth position in the world economy today, and its economy is one of the fastest in terms of the growth.
Being one of the most powerful countries, India is the member of BRICS countries, which consists of Brazil, Russia, India and China. Among these countries, India is largely dependent on the United States, which influences the fields of economics, politics and trade. The main reason is that the U.S. dollar exchange rate tied to the U.S. as the financial mechanism of the the countries, which consists in BRIC, thus this concerns India, in terms of foreign relationships. To non-official information India consists in the New Triad, which has been formed from China, the U.S. and India. In the New Triad India also has been collaborating with the U.S. In the conditions of the same future collaboration, according to Purchasing Power Parity, the above mentioned would be close to $42 trillion markets (US - $18, China - $17 and India - $7) by the end of 2015. The growth and the sheer size of them would present various opportunities and difficulties. India is a huge and very lucrative market for global exporters with the U.S. The current potential of the Indian economy will enable development of mutually beneficial cooperation in various forms. The net investment of the U.S. institutional investors in India only during the year has totaled $ 600 million. It covers three key areas: trade and investment liberalization, financial stabilization and reform of public enterprise economics. Moreover, economic reform provides business development and growth of knowledge-intensive industries, the development of high technologies, the nuclear and space technology, electronics, information and biological technology, telecommunications, energy, etc. To ensure favorable conditions for economic reform it was designed, implemented and continuously improved the government's investment and export-import policy, currency and tax laws that provide benefits, privileges and protective measures for the development of priority sectors and specific projects. The well-known initiative, which was launched by Bush in 2005, has reversed for U.S. three decades of nonproliferation policy. In addition, 2005, the U. S. and India have signed a ten-year defense agreement, which aims in expanding the security of the country’s relationships.
According to the high tech technologies in India`s education, it should be said that recently India schools and universities has implemented the distance education. Particular attention should be given to the description of unique features of new information technologies, implementation of which in India creates the conditions for unprecedented in the history of pedagogy intensification of educational process and methodology development. This implementation allows development, which is oriented in individual student. Thus, India educational system has implemented the following innovations:
- Immediate feedback between the user and means of new information technologies;
- Computer visualization of educational information about objects or patterns of the processes, phenomena, such as actually occur, and "virtual";
- Archival storage rather large amounts of information with the possibility of its transmission, as well as easy access and the user from a central data bank;
- Automation of computer information retrieval activities, and processing the results of educational experiments with the possibility of repeated or fragment of the experiment;
- Automation of information and methodological support, organizational management training activities and monitoring the results of learning (Prabhu, 2006).
Talking about employment level, during the last fifteen years, India experienced a change. With explanations and beliefs Indian audience accepted the idea that public and private sectors should be neighbors and compete with each other, sometimes collaborate and combine efforts. Government revenues have increased and, consequently, enrich its investments, especially in the social sphere. The increased need for investment in infrastructure and social services rather load the economy, but the government managed to reduce tax rates and announced that the rate of tax will remain moderate and not grow.
The main goal of reforms undertaken by the Government at present, is to ensure sustainable economic growth, which not only improve the quality of life of poor and vulnerable, but also increase the level of employment, and labor market becomes more objective, socially-oriented and easily humane. The purpose of government - to provide people, especially the poor, access to education, health care, to involve them in the overall growth process by providing well-paid jobs.
India is very powerful country, and its power level is increasing to due to the intense usage of the innovative technologies. By the total gross national product (GNP), India is among the leading countries of the world, ranked first among developing countries for mining coal, producing mineral fertilizers, cotton fabrics, animal and vegetable oils, rice, milk, tea; second - the production of electricity and iron ore, sugar production, the third – in steel smelting and mining of manganese ore.
At the same time the volume of GDP of India in per capita does not exceed $ 300, which is one of the lowest figures in the world. About 40% of the population lives below the official poverty line: these people are consumers of products of modern industry and satisfied providing the most basic necessities of life. According to available data, the constant demand for consumer goods factory production, and housing and various services impose no more than 100-150million, which sharply limits the size of the internal market and possibilities of development of modern industries.
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