Indiais an ancienturbanculture country.It is one of the most developed countries, and recently became of the most powerful. Thus, there are few reasons for its fast development.
Firstly, India`s population is very bug. In 90sIndia has referred to thelist of the medium countries according to its urbanization.Nevertheless, it has placed in the second position, after China, judging by thegeneral number of theresidents. The number of India`s cities are in the stable process of development and growth. In1901in the Indian`s map were only1900 cities,in1981 the number of cities was4000,and in1991the number of cities have increased to4700 (Rorabacher, 2010).The economy of India slowly has been growing. However, during the last two years, it has been developing faster, as the central bank has been pressured to make the interest rates lower than usual. India Gross Domestic Product, according to Rorabacher, was worth $1729 billion in the 2010 or 2.79 percent of the whole world`s economy. Thus, the country’s economy has grown by 7.8 per cent in March 2011. Currently, India takes the fourth place with $4.2 trillion in the world`s economy. It is expected that over the next few decades India will be one of the countries to lead a global economic growth. India takes the fourth position in the world economy today, and its economy is one of the fastest in terms of the growth.
Being one of the most powerful countries, India is the member of BRICS countries, which consists of Brazil, Russia, India and China. Among these countries, India is largely dependent on the United States, which influences the fields of economics, politics and trade. The main reason is that the U.S. dollar exchange rate tied to the U.S. as the financial mechanism of the the countries, which consists in BRIC, thus this concerns India, in terms of foreign relationships. To non-official information India consists in the New Triad, which has been formed from China, the U.S. and India. In the New Triad India also has been collaborating with the U.S. In the conditions of the same future collaboration, according to Purchasing Power Parity, the above mentioned would be close to $42 trillion markets (US - $18, China - $17 and India - $7) by the end of 2015. The growth and the sheer size of them would present various opportunities and difficulties. Indiais ahugeand very lucrativemarketforglobalexporters with the U.S.The currentpotential ofthe Indianeconomywill enable development of mutually beneficial cooperationin various forms. The netinvestmentof the U.S.institutional investorsin Indiaonlyduring the yearhas totaled$ 600 million.It coversthree keyareas:trade and investment liberalization, financialstabilizationandreform of public enterpriseeconomics.Moreover, economicreformprovides business developmentandgrowthof knowledge-intensive industries, the developmentof high technologies, thenuclear and space technology, electronics, informationand biological technology, telecommunications, energy, etc.To ensurefavorable conditions foreconomic reformit was designed,implementedand continuouslyimprovedthe government'sinvestmentand export-importpolicy, currencyandtax lawsthat providebenefits, privilegesandprotective measuresforthe development of priority sectorsandspecific projects. The well-known initiative, which was launched by Bush in 2005, has reversed for U.S. three decades of nonproliferation policy. In addition, 2005, the U. S. and India have signed a ten-year defense agreement, which aims in expanding the security of the country’s relationships.
According to the high tech technologies in India`s education, it should be said that recently India schools and universities has implemented the distance education. Particularattention should be given tothe description ofunique featuresofnew information technologies,implementation of whichin India creates the conditions forunprecedentedin the history ofpedagogy intensification ofeducationalprocess andmethodology development. This implementation allowsdevelopment, which is oriented in individualstudent.Thus, India educational system has implemented the following innovations:
- Immediatefeedbackbetween the userandmeansof new informationtechnologies;
- Computervisualizationof educational informationabout objectsor patterns ofthe processes, phenomena,suchasactuallyoccur,and "virtual";
- Archival storageratherlarge amounts of informationwith the possibility ofitstransmission, as well aseasy accessandthe user froma centraldata bank;
- Automation ofcomputerinformation retrievalactivities, and processing the resultsof educationalexperimentswith the possibility ofrepeatedorfragmentof theexperiment;
- Automation ofinformation andmethodological support, organizationalmanagementtrainingactivitiesand monitoringthe results oflearning (Prabhu, 2006).
Talking about employment level, during the last fifteen years, India experienced a change.With explanations and beliefs Indian audience accepted the idea that public and private sectors should be neighbors and compete with each other, sometimes collaborate and combine efforts. Government revenues have increased and, consequently, enrich its investments, especially in the social sphere.The increased need for investment in infrastructure and social services rather load the economy, but the government managed to reduce tax rates and announced that the rate of tax will remain moderate and not grow.
The main goal of reforms undertaken by the Government at present, is to ensure sustainable economic growth, which not only improve the quality of life of poor and vulnerable, but also increase the level of employment, and labor market becomes more objective, socially-oriented and easilyhumane.The purpose of government - to provide people, especially the poor, access to education, health care, to involve them in the overall growth process by providing well-paid jobs.
India is very powerful country, and its power level is increasing to due to the intense usage of the innovative technologies. Bythe total gross national product (GNP), Indiais among the leading countriesof the world,ranked first amongdeveloping countriesforminingcoal, producingmineralfertilizers,cotton fabrics,animalandvegetableoils,rice, milk,tea;second -the production ofelectricity andiron ore,sugar production,the third –in steelsmeltingandminingof manganeseore.
At the sametimethe volume ofGDPof Indiainper capitadoes not exceed$ 300,which is one ofthe lowestfiguresin the world.About 40% of the populationlivesbelowthe officialpoverty line:these peopleare consumersof productsof modern industryandsatisfied providingthe most basicnecessities of life.According toavailable data, the constantdemand forconsumer goodsfactoryproduction, andhousingandvariousservicesimposeno more than100-150million, which sharplylimits thesize ofthe internal market and possibilitiesof development of modernindustries.