Globalization is the integration of countries for a common objective. There are several goals that can make nations unite. Some of them include economy, information technology, education, politics and social ambitions. Different authors have given different definitions of globalization. Palmer describes it as the abolition of barriers that frighten the international relations. These hindrances comprise trade tariffs, import quotas and export levies. Amitav (2008) considers that globalization is simply the spreading and harmonization of cultures.
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World nations have made efforts to integrate. Various governments instituted industrial reforms, in order to promote deals with other countries. Also, the trade blocks and business organizations are created to find links among the international community. The entire globe has embraced the concept led by America and the United Kingdom. Today, it is not a new concept. Humanity has had a continuous progress towards globalization (Amitav, 2008).
The research paper explores broadly on globalization. This is achieved by an evaluation of the drive towards international unity. There is an elaborate argument about the effects of integration. In this regard, one should discuss the benefits of the process that can make the citizens and civil society accept it. Challenges of globalization are also discussed. This entails the disadvantages that can make the consumers resist the move before a conclusion is made.
Motivation for Globalization
Search for technology is a key drive towards globalization. The world has become a place of technology. Almost every activity or process that is done commercially or officially requires the use of machines. Most nations are hunting for technological expertise. These include; machinery, pharmacy jewelry, internet, industrial planning, military and architecture among others. Humanity is seeking for unity with the developed world like America and Europe, in order to globalize. This has resulted into the manufacture of cheap household goods, clothes and electrical appliances for consumers (Kuruvilla, 2008).
Aspiration for political stability can also motivate amalgamation. Issues of governance pressed most republics to assimilate. Leaders create ties with other countries to access new thoughts and strategy in governance. It is through stable politics that a country can achieve successful development. Security is particularly vital for globalization to be realized. Once the country is secure, and there are no conflicts along the border, then growth becomes inevitable. The need for political stability has motivated many nations to pursue globalization.
Biological factors have motivated integration. Biology is the study of life. It comprises of both animals and plants. Several leaders are searching for agricultural expertise in the developed countries like Japan. Growth is reflected in the use of new seeds, farm inputs and machines. This has translated into improved food and animal production. Medically, new technology has been used in healthcare delivery all over the world. New drugs and family control methods have been developed to help contain the high death and birth rates.
Desire for economic stability is a considerable drive towards amalgamation. Development of a nation requires sufficient funds. This cannot be achieved in isolation. A country must interrelate with others, in order to succeed. Administrations have made appropriate trade reforms ease the import and export of goods. There has also been a joint effort to eliminate barriers like tariffs on exports and import duty to encourage international trade. Most countries have accommodated foreign investors, in order to initiate roads, rails, banks and industries to boost income.
Socio-cultural factor has motivated globalization. Formerly, nations kept to themselves and did not relate with other nations. However, as the world increased in knowledge, the need for intercultural relations increased. Humanity is striving to exchange ideas and social life, including intermarriages. There is an increased demand for exchange of knowledge and skills from varied consumers and social groups. This has opened up room for assimilation among the nations. The combination has been triggered by the civil society like traders, adventurers and preachers. Commercial activities, tours, as well as religious teachings, led to interaction among the different people, thereby promoting integration (Chanda, 2010).
Pressure from the international community made most republics amalgamate. Today, the world is narrowing the geographical distance. Everywhere in the globe, it can be accessed through transport, phones and internet. This has made globalization be a significant fact that any country cannot ignore. This drive has resulted into the creation of relations among countries in the East, Africa and Europe, in order to share development concepts. The force explains why the world is a motion to develop.
Reasons Why the Average Citizen Should Accept Globalization
Citizens would benefit from effective communication. Unity with the rest of the world makes a country have various connections. This means that information can flow without any problem among different consumers. Amalgamation promotes the sharing of ideas, especially on communication. Humanity is then able to converse using some of the latest and fastest methods. They consist of twitter, fiber optics satellite, internet and telephone. Students can also benefit, because globalization made the use of e- learning possible for them (Smith, 2007).
Globalization has created an expanded marked for products. International relations call for eradication of trade barriers. These efforts have opened the window for bilateral and multilateral trades. Citizens and civil groups can, therefore, sell their products and services in any other countries. Consumers can also buy products without any problem in many destinations across the world. The enlarged market can benefit the citizens in other ways. These include learning, working and settling in foreign countries (Smith, 2007).
Economic liberty is yet another advantage of integration for the average citizens. Financial strength is a measure of growth. This cannot be achieved without interdependence. Unity of nations has enabled the civil society and consumers to be able to access grants, aid and affordable loans from the international community. Globalization is a force that elevates nations from poverty. It is also a phenomenon that promotes an effective and rapid financial growth. Opportunities then become enormous for the citizens. Consumers can move freely and invest in the natiions of their choice. These translate to economic empowerment of the citizens.
Cultural diversity is a significant advantage for the consumers. Globalization has resulted into the growth of a mixed culture and belief. Today, there is an increased use of different languages across the globe. Many people have accepted cultural assimilation as a fact. The need for high life standard has made most citizens enjoy foreign ideas, products, technology, lifestyle and environment. The harmonization of different cultures and beliefs promotes peace and understanding. Civil society has immensely benefited from the ideology (Conversi, 2010).
Reasons Why the Citizens and Civil Society Should Resist Globalization
Political dominance is a serious challenge of globalization. The civil society must, therefore, resist integration, so that consumers can be protected. This is a situation where integration is used by the most developed nations, in order to gain control of the poor countries. In this regard, citizens are bound to suffer from foreign influence. This is an enormous challenge in the process of globalization, and the society should not accept harmony under such influence.
Emergence of criminal activities is yet another fact that should make the citizens resist integration. International relations open doors for people to travel freely from one country to another. The freedom of movement and action created a loop hole for violent activities. This resulted to the emergence of actions like terrorism, fraud and drug peddling. Terrorists and fraudsters use developed technology to advance their activities. Citizens and consumers feel terribly unsafe from the assimilation. That is why integration must be condemned.
Health challenge ought to make globalization be opposed. Growth in technology, culture and economy carries along diseases, which are detrimental to human life. For example, the globalization report reveals that immigration has enormously contributed to the spread of HIV and AIDS. Use of heavy weapons like nuclear one can be extremely dangerous to human life. Communication gadgets like phones and computers have long-term effect on consumers. That is why integration should be resisted by the citizens and civil society (Kuruvilla, 2008).
Financial crisis is another challenge of globalization that should make humanity resist globalization. Integration is translated to economic dependence. This results to economic interconnections among the member states. Any financial implication in one country is bound to affect the rest of the countries. All the countries that are in the chain would be affected. The republics that are involved in this process definitely become vulnerable to the crisis. For example, the world recession in 2007 was felt global. Most of the citizens and consumers were affected, and life became much difficult. Because of this, the civil society must refuse to accept amalgamation.
In conclusion, globalization is a world issue. The discussion has analyzed sufficient facts to prove whether integration should be resisted. The research paper has highlighted a number of issues to justify the statement. Various writers and reports from journals have also given substantial explanations concerning this highly significant humanity concept. However, sustaining this requires states to deal amicably with the challenges that are involved. In this regard, globalization would be widely accepted and beneficial to the citizens.