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Geographical perspectives refer to various view points that are employed by geographers to understand the surrounding world. Such understanding is important in helping people comprehend the interrelationship existing between the earth’s phenomena and geography. Geography as a discipline is better understood when people acknowledge that various phenomena existing on the surface of the earth occur based on time, history, and space. This thus offers evidence that all that is found on the surface of the earth has geography. The presence of distinctive and coherent geographical view points “geographical perspectives” make geography to hold together.
Geography views location as an important component of life and therefore offers certain perspectives for making decisions on where services should be placed. Functional urban regions are used to define and analyze urban centers and in most cases reflect the extent it influences. A similar aspect is also being used to analyze locations and economic development. (Michael, 2009) For instance, regions Canadian aluminum industry is different from her other country’s resource-based industries based on the fact that it specifically concerned with imported.
Analysis of location, urban, and economic development of a places is usually conducted using the spatial distribution process. This is a process that involves asking question such as who, what, when, where, and where. Such questions are usually asked by geographers with an aim gaining “knowledge” concerning the phenomena in question (Michael, 2009). As such, it provokes the parties concerned to think more beyond what they are observing. For instance, a geographer might attempt to analyze the distribution of rivers such as Yukon, Fraser, St. John, and St. Lawrence. In the same way, a geographer might attempt to determine the spatial distribution of urban centers within Canada so as to help understand what has influenced their distribution.
Geographers cite that the distribution of urban centers with those in Canada inclusive resulted from evolution and overlapping of different models and scales that existed in the cities. Most public places that rose to be the largest urban centers in Canada such as Toronto, Alberta, and British Colombia were influenced by the needs and the roles that they were to play (Whitehead, 2007). Based on this ground, geographers are able to cite reasons where Canadian urban centers are located in specific places and also different from one another. The same aspect has also been employed by geographers to explain uneven distribution of places and resources for economic development.
Geographers believe that the urbanization and economic development in Canada was largely influenced by availability of physical and economic capital as well as technological its technological progress. The presence of certain physical features such as rivers, have been used to analyze locations, urban, and economic development (Garcia, 2011). This is based on the fact that such features not only offer sites for growth, but also offer raw materials which in the end supplement other activities. Canada has for a longtime been known to focus on investing thereby enhancing growth rate above its future economic output. For instance, Canadian-aluminum industry was attracted to the region because of the presence of falling water which was a natural renewable energy.
It is also believed that for economic growth to take place, the capital goods must be able to produce consumer goods. This has been used by geographers to not only justify imbalance in economic development of places, but also the reason for uneven distribution of urban centers. As such, geographers argue that the authorities play a critical role in distribution and location of resources in places, for economic growth, and urbanization (Whitehead, 2007). This implies that leaders must be growth focused for them to explore resources available within their rich for economic development and urbanization. Whereas urban and locational analysis follow administrative criteria, economic analysis focus of the ability of such administration to manage its resources effectively for the general good of the society or the community around it (Garcia, 2011). Analysis of an urban based on its administrative criteria often focus on a limited region and therefore might not be employed in locational analysis. This is based on the fact that location analysis deals with the physical region covered by the urban are which sometimes might not be within the reach of administrative boundary.
Often locations are analyzed based on the optimal location uncertainties which are always experienced in sitting facilities. It thus recommends making of decisions concerning the place the type of activity to be located within the site through a process known as locational decision making. For instance, favorable climate often attracts people to a given place as oppose to regions that are known to be unproductive. Geographers thus argue that regions that are located on the windward sides would in most cases experience influx of people as opposed to the leeward side.
Geographers believe that locations are usually geographically even. This is because it simply refers to undifferentiated plan where people can invest in. This analysis has been used to offer explanation on why people will always be found within a given location irrespective of its geographical and physical state (Garcia, 2011). However, in analysis of urbanization and economic development, geographers use capital to clarify the imbalanced experienced by regions. This is because capital which is an important component in urbanization and economic development is always geographically uneven. For instance, urban centers are always prone to conflicts because of varied land usage an understanding of the essence of land location and what it is though to be. This is particularly because of mixed interest on land between the residential land users and the commercial land users in urban centers.
The other aspect that is of great importance to geographers’ view point of location, urban, and economic growth of a place is its population size. Most urban places in Canada were and other parts of the world were accorded “urban status” because they had larger population than other remote places (Whitehead, 2007). Therefore in geographer’s view, places are assigned urban status using population-size scale. For instance, in Canada any population size of around 10, 000 is classed as an urban center. However, population-size scale cannot be utilized effectively to analyze the location of a place or economic development. This is based on the fact that various aspects such natural resources and cultural practices dictates both economic development and the location of a place (Whitehead, 2007).
Whereas economic base has been employed by geographers to explain the distribution of urban centers and economic development, such view point cannot be used to analyze location. For one, economic base easily merge with other aspects to support population and economic growth as opposed to location. For instance, presence of strong economy is known to easily foster development, sustain social amenities, and promote good health. Similarly, regions with strong economic base always offer good infrastructural services which are required for urbanization as well as economic development (Whitehead, 2007). However, such criteria do not foster the size of a location as much as the presence of resources and the needs does.
In conclusion, geographical perspective serves as a tool for analyzing various phenomena that are distributed on the surface of the earth. Since features are distributed on the earth’s surface based on how they are manipulated by human beings, it is only through geographical perspectives that one is able to understand, predict, and solve problems evolving from the ever-changing relationship between human beings and the surrounding world. Various factors such as administration, economic base, resources, function, and the size of a population greatly influence the extent and nature of location, urban, and economic progress of a place.
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