woman
Support phones:
homeReloadContact Us
Home About Us Our Guarantees Beware Our Prices Discounts Order Now Blog FAQ Testimonials Sample essays Contact Us
main menu
Home
About Us
Our Guarantees
How it works
Beware
Our Prices
Discounts
Order Now
Blog
FAQ
Testimonials (1034)
Sample essays
Contact Us
discounts
you save
Type of assignment:
Urgency:
Writer level:
Cost per page:
Pages:
Total without discount:
sample essays
Analytical Essays
Application Essays
Architecture Essays
Argument Essays
Argumentative Essays
Art Essays
Business Essays
Case Studies Essays
Communication and Media Essays
Comparison Essays
Computer Technologies Essays
Controversial Essays
Critical Essays
Definition Essays
Economics Essays
Education Essays
Geography Essays
History Essays
Justice Essays
Law Essays
Life Essays
Literature Essays
Marketing Essays
Medicine Essays
Nursing Essays
Personal Essays
Philosophy Essays
Political science Essays
Politics Essays
Psychology Essays
Religion Essays
Sociology Essays
Technology Essays
Term Papers Essays
World Literature Essays

← Migration in ChinaChesapeake and New England →
Live Chat

Custom Discovery of America essay paper sample

Buy custom Discovery of America essay paper cheap

Contrary to what many people believe, America might have been discovered by Polynesians long before Christopher Columbus made his voyages to the continent. Researchers have been working on this matter in order to establish the factual information about it. As a result, the topic on discovery of America has turned out controversial on two main areas. First, researchers wanted to find out whether there was a pre- Columbian introduction of chicken to the continent and also, whether the relationship between the Polynesians and South Americans can be established archeologically. This paper seeks out to shed light on this issue by finding out who really discovered America.

Archeologists discovered chicken bones at a certain archeological site in Chile and applied carbon dating as well as DNA methods of analysis to discover their origins (Hirst, 2011, para. 1). Surprisingly, their findings matched with the other ancient information on Polynesian chicken from Hawaii, Tonga and the surrounding areas. This information implied that the chickens were introduced to America a century before Europeans made their visit to the continent. It also brought doubts along with it concerning the widely accepted belief that the birds were introduced into the continent by European voyagers.

There are various theories that try to explain the presence of chicken in America in the pre-Columbian period (Hirst, 2011, para. 1). For instance most scholars believe that they were introduced by Spanish or Portuguese and then they spread through natural dispersal method.  Nevertheless, most of these theories have major loop holes which disqualify them. The assumption that the chicken were introduced by from Polynesia is supported by both the carbon dating and DNA test methods. As a result, it is highly possible that this theory holds to be true.

Another strong argument that supports the fact that Polynesians were the first people to discover America is based on the use of canoes and fish hooks. The Chumash people used to make the plank canoes using hand-hewn planks joined and cemented with asphaltum adhesive (Edgar, 2011 para. 2). Their length was 25 feet and they were used for fishing and trading purposes. Chumash formed one of the largest tribes in California. They are believed to have learnt how to make the plank canoes from Polynesians where the practice was widespread (Edgar, 2005 p. 3).

Polynesian canoes were longer, ranging between 36 to 60 feet in length. They sailed in huge double hauled canoes. Use of carbon dating shows the dates of these canoes to range from 800 to 1200 AD, which fall under the pre-Columbian period (Davidson, 2005, para. 2). Therefore, Chumash people must have learnt the practice from Polynesians. Also, use of fish hooks by the Chumash people is believed to have been borrowed from the Polynesians after their contact. The hooks dated around 900 AD, which were many centuries before the arrival of Christopher Columbus (Hirst, 2011, para. 5). There were a lot of similarities especially in the way both cultures referred to the tool by the same name. The tool had also similar design and many other mysterious resemblances indicating a possible link between the two prehistoric communities.

Furthermore, there were evaluations of linguistic evidence that confirmed a believe on pre-historic Polynesian-American contact. There is some consonantal connection between Polynesian and South American languages which further affirms this belief (Klar, 2005 p. 394). Similarities in some consonantal sounds are sure proves that the Polynesians must have visited the continent so that the terminologies could be adopted into the Chumashan culture.  The Chumashan name for plank canoe was ‘tomolo’, which is believed to have been borrowed from the Polynesian source. According to linguistics and other researchers, every syllable of the Chumashan relates to another syllable in the Proto-Central Eastern Polynesian based lexical term (Klar, 2005 p. 394). However, this does not imply that the two languages have a general and genetic relationship but instead there is some resemblance in usage of various words.

Besides use of ‘tomolo’, there are other words such as ‘kumara’ for sweet potato, which is a proof of an earlier contact between Polynesians and Americans. Sweet potatoes were mainly grown by the Polynesians. After their remains in Polynesia were investigated, they had quite a lot of similarities with those grown in Ecuador (Ladefoged, 2005 para. 2). The word ‘kumara’ with its varied dialects, means sweet potato in both Polynesian and South American cultures. It is therefore believed that domestication of the crop was a common practice between people in South America and in Polynesia (Ladefoged, 2005 para. 2).  Therefore, linguistic evidence provides a sure proof of a direct contact that existed between Polynesians and Americans, long time before Europeans made their visit to the continent (Klar, 2005 p. 394).

The paper has established that besides the voyages made by Christopher Columbus in his exploration to the American continent, there were other pre-Columbian visits made by Polynesians. All the above discussed assumptions point to one major believe: Polynesians discovered America before Europeans made their first voyage to the continent. Some of these theories are still being processed and therefore, there is still more research to be done in the future to ascertain these claims.

Buy custom Discovery of America essay paper cheap

Buy essayHesitating

Related essays

  1. Chesapeake and New England
  2. The Global Warming Controversy
  3. Migration in China
  4. Saudi Arabia
Email
Password
 
order now
chat off
our advantages
300 Words per page
12 pt Times New Roman double-spaced
MBA and PhD Writers
Relevant and up-to-date sources
US Writers
100% Confidentiality Guarantee
24/7 Support
24/7 Live Chat
Direct Contact with Writer
Flexible Discount Program
ANY Difficulty Level!
current status
5 chat / phone operators online at the moment
849 writers active
19457 writers in the database
6 new writers passed exam this week
12854 pages written
4014610 words written
8.5 out of 10 current average quality score
97% satisfied customers
current status
Blog categories
Academic Assistance
Analysis Essay
Art
College Essay
Samples
Student's Life
Writing an Essay
Writing Helper
current status
Latest posts
Basic Essay Types All Students Must Know
How to Take Control over Your Life
How Weather Affects Our Educational Process and Productivity
How to Make Your Night Studying Effective
Say Goodbye to Fake Friends
current status



  • Paypal
 

Get

15%

off your first

custom essay order.

Order now

PRICES
from $12.99/PAGE

X