Question 1: Mark Twain’s View on the Civil War
Before being enlisted in the Confederate militia at the very beginning of the US civil war (1861), Mark Twain had all along been first, a journalist and secondly, a riverboat pilot. Having participated in the Civil War, it is obvious that such an outspoken journalist had to have given his view on the same; terming the Civil War as a development which uprooted institutions that were several centuries old. Twain divulges that the war transformed over half of the US’ social life, while bringing about a profound extent of catastrophes on the US’ national character and quality of life to an extent that it would be inaccurate and incomplete to measure the effects on the three upcoming generations. At a given point, Twain recounts his experiences and exposures to the vagaries of war as a way of underlining the nature and extent of the American Civil War. Only two weeks into the war, he had been unrelentingly and continuously hunted down like a rat and in constant danger of death.
Question 2: The Happy, Carefree, and Optimistic Image of Twain's Writing and the Reality of His Literary Life
The happy, carefree and optimistic image of Mark Twain can be clearly seen to have affected the reality of his literary life in sundry ways. For instance, it is this carefree, happy and optimistic predisposition that sends Mark Twain to Hawaii and the Sandwich Islands. It is a fact that the vivacious and laid back attitude that characterizes Hawaii and Sandwich Islands must have tricked down Twain’s pen when he for instance wrote, “The Celebrated jumping Frog of Calaveras County and other Sketches”, a novel that is first published in 1867. It is from the relatively happy experiences that he encounters with in Hawaii and the Sandwich Islands, that he writes, using both fictional and non fictional works. Conversely, apart from life encountered in Hawaii and Sandwich Islands, all the writings of Twain are underlined by happiness and optimism as very important themes. For instance, in the Adventures of Huckleberry Fin, Tom finds it easy to run away from home away from a nagging aunt, into the company that keeps him happy and appreciates him.
Question 3: The Career Options for Women of Jane Addams’ Social Class during the Later 1800s
According to Jane Addams, in the 1800s, women had been being viewed in a manner that betrays a sense of ambivalence: while she has been being viewed as the creative source of life, she has also been showcased as being inferior to men. It is against this backdrop that makes Addams see a woman as outstretched arms. The implication herein is two fold, denoting the constant state of begging; and the giving nature of women. Unfortunately, Addams maintains, the women have been relegated to working in the domestic spheres alone, in lieu of the corporate and public spheres. This is to effect that washing, having seasoned culinary skills, cleaning the home, taking care of children comprise the yardstick by which the woman is measured. The only section that could be accorded a woman apart from the domestic sphere is that of settlement worker. It is against this backdrop that Addams moves to clamor for the emancipation of women by for instance writing about how the feminine side is bound to be responsible for a more caring maternal government in the book, Urban Transformation.
4. Discussing Jane Addams’ Pacificism Before, During, and After World War I
Although it is a fact that is beyond controversy that Addams was a pacifist and an outspoken one especially after World War I, yet it remains lucid that she was outspoken against being hands off or complacent. Concerning the same, Addams says that women, especially those in belligerent countries feel the same about the horror of human waste of the war, yet they refrain from speaking out. This perhaps puts into jeopardy the power that is inherent in human beings and affairs to correct themselves through man’s instinctive shift towards the recommended and away from the repulsing. Addams divulges that the expression of suchlike impulses in respect to human relationships is a decisive factor at the time of warfare (World War I) which in itself is a reversion towards archaic mode of determining relations between nation and nation, and man and man.
Question 5: The First Eight Years of the 1900s as the Heyday of Conservation and Progressivism
It is a fact that 1900-8 is an epoch marked by progressivism. This is because at the time, the US reached its highest zenith in the 20th century in its broad-based reform movement. This followed the major changes that were stemming from modernization, the growth of infrastructure (railroads and bridges), large corporations and the fear of corruption in US politics. On the other hand, conservative elements are seen in Theodore Roosevelt being influenced by philosopher-scientists such as John Wesley, Lester F. Ward, George P. Marsh and W. J. McGee’s ideas to ratify the largest state funded conservative related projects in the US. Some of the vestiges of the same are seen in Newlands Reclamation Act (1902), and the 1906 Antiquities Act.
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Question 6: The 1890 U.S. Census Report, and Gifford Pinchot's Forestry Ideas
The 1890 census announced, among other things, that the frontier region of the US was no longer extant, so that the tracking and subsequent tabulation of westward migration in the census were no longer feasible exercises. This showed the extent of forest encroachment, given that as opposed to the 1880 census, the results herein showed unsettled areas having been broken into by isolated settlement bodies so that the frontier line no longer existed. It is this turn of events that would see the then governor of Pennsylvania champion for his forest ideas, stating that there was dire need to reform the management and development of US forests and to champion for the conservation of the US’ reserves, through renewal and planned use.
Question 7: Traits That Enabled Henry Ford to Become the Greatest Industrialist of the Early 20th Century
Henry Ford’s friendly predisposition enabled him to forge partnerships and alliances with wealthy personalities, industrialists and friends in Michigan. This virtue is well seen mixed with his entrepreneurial, aggressive and risk-taking tendencies when he attempts at venturing into the US politics. Although he was unable to clinch the position of the US senator for Michigan, this venture saw him strengthen close ties with Franklin D. Roosevelt. This virtue, among other things, continued to boost the corporate and public image of the Ford Car Company, as well as popularizing it. This value was also buoyed by Ford’s vouching for pacifism in international relations and diplomacy.
Question 8: Techniques Used By Henry Ford Incorporate To Turn His Small Automobile Company into the Giant Ford Motor Company
There are several techniques that were put into use by Henry Ford to grow the small automobile company into the giant Ford Motor Company, with partnership featuring as the most dominant strategy. Ford partnered with other businessmen in Michigan to have a larger pool of finances. This allowed the creation of new land speed car models which could do 91.3 miles per hour. At the time, Ford also applied frugality as an artifice to ward off high expenditure. For instance, at the nascent stage of the then fledging Ford Company, Model A, C, K and T were created by hand (of only three workers), as opposed to the use of machines.
Ford also improvised and introduced new models in the market, especially after World War I. starting from the 1920s, Ford sought to using pre-made components for making cars, leading the extirpation of additional costs and increased productivity. Over a million vehicles were being produced by Ford Company yearly.
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