Banking concept of education is not an effective means of learning. On the other side, the most effective means of learning is the combination of both the banking concept of education and the problem-posing technique.
The use of banking concept of education alone does not in any way lead to an effective means of learning, since the system is very much flawed in some ways, and as a result, will need to be complemented by other means of learning, which for that reason will render the banking education system an ineffective means of learning. The banking education system is flawed but it is still very necessary means of learning especially when we consider in the initial stages of learning where the learners have to be first informed about history that appear to be important to their current and forthcoming understanding. Without the use of banking education learners would not be able to react to what they are being thought. So, the presentation of factual knowledge to the students has to be possible only through the use of banking system of education (Freire, 1982).
Despite the fact that the banking education is considered oppressive in the way its teaching is delivered, the role teacher plays as the authority figure in the learning process can not be ignored because with out a teacher in classroom, there won’t be any sense of order leading to complete chaos which will hinder the learning process.
The real problem with banking education is the issue with which the facts are being taught; as it entails memorization and repeating of ‘deposited’ information during exam periods making the learning process un-interesting and monotonous thus students often end up forgetting the information after the examination is over. Another problem that can be experienced with the banking system is that, its passive and does not allow the learner to inquire for more information and this leads to an ‘Oppressive’ means of teaching, where the teacher is perceived to be always right and all knowing (McLaren,1993).
Banking education can be complemented with the problem posing system to make it an effective means of learning system.
After the facts have been communicated to the learners then the system of problem-posing should be introduced to eliminate the passive type of banking education and encourage the more interactive form of learning process where the student and the teacher are more or less equal to each other inform of knowledge. The problem-posing education system allows both parties i.e. the teacher and student to step outside the box and encourage them to question others and the world that surround them. This system of education as a result gives no restraints on either group to act or think in a certain way hence freedom of expression is enhanced fostering the learning process more effective. It fosters imaginative thinking as freedom to question issues freely is allowed. In addition, in the problem-posing education system the individual person’s perception is considered unlike in the banking system where none of that is given ant thought.
Banking system does not allow an individual to perceive the world and everything in their own ways and are not given the chance to reconstructing these things into something that they are able to learn and grow and be able to perceive them. Such reconstruction of thing is brought up in the problem posing education technique.
In the problem posing system, students are given chances to adapt to the world as opposed to those who learn by the banking system who only get used to the world that the ‘oppressor’ teaches and thus they will be easily controlled in the real world where dynamism is the order of the day. In any case both parties involved in the ‘oppressive’ system don’t benefit as compared to those in the problem-posing system where both the student and the teacher learn from each other and thus both gain from the process (Rossatto, 2005).
The possible problem with implementing the problem posing system is that it is a lengthy process to effective without the inclusion of other education system like the banking system. it will just consume time when engaged in teaching from problem-posing alone. In addition, it will just lead to a lot of frustrations in these classes are larger, and eventually might lead to an economic disaster from individuals who happen to have all that kind of information stored in them just on time to ensure that some crucial jobs in the work force are filled.
By combining banking and problem-posing education together, we will be able to come up with a highly versatile educational concept that really makes education as an entrance to more choices and greater freedom. Yes, the system of banking has its own flaws, however in all sincerity; it is an essential constituent of education. In itself, education is very much complicated for it to consist of only one teaching and learning method, in addition versatility is much needed by most students. At all costs, students should neither be told about facts, nor allowed to challenge questions only. The best thing perhaps is being partly receptacle and partly challenger, or even the combination of the two. Nevertheless, surely, individuals cannot rely on the banking systems that are flawed or problem-posing technique alone, which is much unrealistic, in order to get a very effective education system.
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