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Leaders and Legislation of the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements

Identify leaders of the Civil Rights and Black Power movements and their contributions to their respective causes. How did these social pioneers forge the way for this important ratification? What legislation was relevant during these critical times?

Part I

Complete the following matrix by identifying 7 to 10 leaders or legislative events from both the Civil Rights and Black Power movements. The first leader is provided as a model.

 

Leader and Associated Legislation, if any

Date(s)

Organization and/or Cause

Contribution

A. Philip Randolph

1941

Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which fought Discrimination

His threat to march on Washington to protest discriminatory treatment caused former President Franklin D. Roosevelt to react with new policies on job discrimination.

 

  1. Martin Luther King

1956-1968

Cofounder of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference

He created civil disobedience movement by organizing protests, boycotts and voter registration to fight for civil rights

 

 

 

 

  1. Thurgood Marshall

 

1954

Attorney of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) that stopped segregation of public education facilities.

He acted as the attorney during the case of Brown V. the board of education of Kansas where the court ruled that the segregation that existe in the public education facilities was unconstitutional.

 

  1. Stokely Carmichael

 

1966

Leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) that resulted to the Black Power movement

He led the African American communities into getting rid of the Ku Klux Klan to end the terror that the clan caused to the communities.

 

  1. Rosa Parks

1955

Member of the NAACP who ended segregation in the buses

She refused to give up her seat in the bus to a white person and she was arrested. Her supporters boycotted and this led to desegregation in the buses.  

 

  1. John F. Kennedy

1962

He started the Civil Rights Act that ended segregation.

He was the president during the Civil Righst movements and facilitated the passing of laws that ensured that blacks could participate in voting and acquiring good education. These laws completely ended segregation.

 

  1. Harriet Tubman

1849

She was the founder of Underground Railroad that helped escape of slaves.

After she managed from the bad treatment of slavery, she helped many other slaves to escape from slavery.

  1. Linda Brown

 1950-1954

She challenged the Board of education in a court of law leading to desegregation in schools.

She was a young girl and the case was filled under his father’s naame. The case of Brown V. Board of Education favored her and this enabled all the black children to get education.  

  1. John Brown

 

1849

Participated in Underground Railroad project that helped slaves to escape.

He planned a break into army weapon’s store and stole the weapons that he used to help the slaves escape.

  1. Abigail Adams

1776

The wife of President John Adams who advocated for anti slavery

She advocated for human rights by use of her power and persuasion together with her husband.  She also helped a black boy to acquire education.

 

 

  1. Dredd Scott

 

 

 

1847-1857

 

 

His imprisonment resulted in freedom to the slaves.

 

 

He went to court to fight for his rights, lost in the lower courts but forwarded the case to the U.S supreme court.  The ruling was made against him but on contrary, the ruling acted as an inspiration for other slaves to seek freedom.

 

Part II

Once you complete the matrix, use the space below to write a 75- to 100-word response describing the role civil disobedience played in the Civil Rights Movement.

Civil disobedience awakened the black Americans and brought to attention need for freedom. Solidarity among the African Americans increased and they started strategizing for their freedom fight. Since it was characterized by acts of disobeying the law based on the moral and political principle, it resulted to various reforms in the law via various trials. The leaders of civil disobedience had very strong voices such as Dredd Scott and Abigail Adams and this compelled the government to change its stand towards segregation that existed in the society.

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