In this essay, healthy foods and eating habits have been contrasted with unhealthy foods and the poor eating habits associated with them. For a person to remain healthy, not only physically but also mentally, food rich in proteins, carbohydrates and a variety of vitamins and minerals such as riboflavin, calcium and iron need to be taken regularly and in appropriate proportional amounts. Junk and fatty food such as burgers, pizzas, fried chicken and potato chips which are very popular but highly detrimental to the body due to the buildup of cholesterol should be avoided.
Healthy foods therefore must be taken through a balanced diet which may include fresh fruits such as citrus and vegetables as a source of vitamins, vital minerals and roughage which greatly aid in averting deficiencies such as scurvy in the case of vitamin C, constipation and conditions such as anemia in the case of iron; protein-enriched food especially white meat such as fish rather than red meat and plant proteins such as green grams which ensure proper growth; and energy-giving food such as fiber cereals and whole-meal bread which are rich in starch.
Unhealthy foods such as white pastas, refined white sugar, aspartame, taste-enhancing chemicals, candies, corn syrup containing high fructose levels and denatured fats are largely responsible for obesity, hypertension, coronary heart condition and diabetes. This are largely consumed through junk food which the body cannot fully handle and are therefore converted into fat which is stored mainly under the skin as adipose tissue. Some taste enhancers and sugars have been found to cause indigestion, acne and gas problems when regularly taken. Hence, healthy foods should be consumed in regular and considerable amounts and should be prepared under cooking methods such as boiling, grilling and steaming rather than deep-frying methods which increase the fat content. If proper eating habits are observed, common ailments can be avoided.