Sociology is so comparative and requires that various methods be used in acquiring data. The main methods used to collect data in these two articles are in a large extent similar. They however differ due to other factors that are influenced by culture, traditions, beliefs and the resources available. The people among whom the comparative studies are being conducted result to diversity in findings as well as close similarities. Various methods used for acquiring data in the two articles are addressed as follows.
The common method used in the criminal justice research is the collecting and analyzing the available official statistics by utilizing the positivist model. The initial methods suggested and used by Durkheim were experimental procedures and application of natural information found in normal art. Thus the researchers doing comparative studies were to avoid using information derived from common sense. This is because common knowledge varies between people and societies. The use of statistics helps provide adequate evidence for the police and criminal lawyers. Experiments and use of representative samples help analyze information concerning common behaviors among criminals.
On the other hand in the Newton-Francis criminal justice research, the opposite identity method is used as the initial method used. Researchers opt to research on another area different from what they studied. The reasons given for this are that they put more stringent measures in their study and deal effectively with their differences encountered during the research process. The quantitative and qualitative methods normally include marginalized feminine gender. The study on women related matter is best done by men who actively voice the relevant issue with huge effectiveness.
On the other hand, a contrast is experienced by the travelers article uses qualitative methods to acquire most data. The basic qualitative method used is interviewing the affected people. The information attained is documented and outcomes analyzed by professional lawyers. The result of the qualitative methods used is however affected by the factors tat affect the quantitative research methods which causes variations in outcomes.
Similarly, among the poverty lawyers, diversity is mostly preferred for use in qualitative methods. It is preferable since it offers an effective lawyer service which strengthens the contact points between the lawyer and client. This method is specifically imperative since the application of empathy empowers the client to speak courageously and truthfully. The information needed therefore is attained with ease and the lawyer is able to argue out the case confidently. As a result, the punishments outlined by judges can be evaluated to be rational or not.
On the contrary, the travelers’ research article used controlled experiments in courts. The areas researched were similar in some aspects and different in some others like statistics concerning political outcomes. Differences were observed in how various cases were judged and the routers taken towards specific convictions. Various interviews were carried out on law practitioners in order to establish the factors leading to variations in judgments for similar cases.
By comparison, there are similar methods used in finding information for both articles. The methods included observations during hearing sessions as well as one-on-one interviewing of magistrates and offenders. These methods were used in order to fid out how magistrates used the [policies provided in the justice act. The methods also shed light on the practical considerations made in making different sentencing decisions among various criminals.
All in all, the two articles provided insight into how comparative research methods provide information to researchers. The information provided is normally used to prepare report based on informed data collection and not just mere application of common knowledge.
Comparison Based On the Findings
In the first article, Travers apply the use of interpretive and positivist approach of comparison. Comparativists point of analyzing quantitative measure of variation provides an understanding about legal system. From the two approaches, it is realized that individuals’ views are often unimportant and inconsiderable. On the other hand, interpretive approach provides that sociology outweighs scientific approach of comparison. The first article advocates that patterns are measured by quantitative sociologists. These patterns eventually results from local decisions made by a collaboration of magistrates and other professionals.
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In addition, the first article provides findings based on the judicial prospect of judgment. In this article, Travers clarifies that magistrates can always make comparisons so as to achieve consistency throughout their work. These magistrates rarely consider making explicit judgments when undertaking their duties. Similarly, the second article expounds on the judicial findings. In this case, Newton finds out that there exists diversity based on the working experiences in male dominated professions. In this article, it is clear that layers diversities bring about a tool for effective practice.
From the second article, it is realized that cultural issues of the race are closely linked with human behaviors. This further expounds that violence and punishments are very critical when dealing with behaviors. In close comparison to this, behavioral aspect of individuals with respect to their actions is related. Travers provides that cultural backgrounds of individuals play a key role in the interpretation of the legal process. In addition, interpretive approach in the first article provides that individuals and societies would only obey the law due to the penalties.
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