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This is a small statue believed to be one of the oldest human statues. The statue has a height of 4.5 inches and was dated to be curved around 25000 years back. The statue was curved out of solid limestone that was yellow in color. Archeologists believe that this was the stone that was brought in from another place because it is not found in the place that the statue was discovered.
The statue was found in a poleolithic archeological site in Australia in 1908. The archeologist who discovered the statue was Josef Szmbathy. The site was along the Danube River and the statue was found on the bank when the Wachau railway was under construction.
The statue shows a female figure that has got exaggerated features prominently visible. The belly appears to be round and wide. The breasts are big and disproportionateto the body size. They also do not have nipples. She has wide hips that are flush with the round belly. Despite the overhanging belly, the artist made sure that the pelvic parts of the woman remained visibly clear. The statue has got an exaggerated glateal region. Her buttocks are pronounced. The visible circular grooves on her breasts appear to be her hands that are holding the upper part of the breasts. The statue is mysterious and not much deduced about its origins. A lot is yet to be found out concerning its cultural importance and the way it was made.
The Group of Attendants
Tjis is a sculpture that is also believed to have been made during the same time as the woman of Welldorf. The sculpture has an ivory color and is three inches tall. It is a fragment of a larger sculpture that was once in existence. The missing part is thought to be a god. The sculpture shows a number of ladies all attempting to offer service to the missing piece. The ladies faces are visible and they are dressed in what appears to be head gear. They are also wearing bangles and necklaces. The ladies are slim with lean figures without clothing to cover their bosoms.
The sculpture is thought to have originated from Tibet with most of it colored black with slight evidence of other colors. The identities of the ladies is still unknown but they are thought to be worshiping the remaining part of the sculpture which is most likely to be a god like Buddha. The ladies hence are the earthly servants of this powerful being.
The sculptures during that specific Paleolithic era had a lot to do with the reverence of the powerful beings who gave life and had supernatural powers. The sculptors of the time had a deep religious belief and made attempts to represent the gods through sculpture. The woman of welldorf is believed to be a sculpture representing the goddess of fertility. This is due to the manner in which her feminine features have been greatly exaggerated. Her breasts are large and the nipples are not visible. She has big bottoms and a very round belly. The belly has the appearance similar to that of a pregnant woman. The second sculpture of the servants shows a fragment of a larger sculpture which is believed to be Buddha. The fragment shows woman servants of this powerful being serving, singing and entertaining him. The sculpture would likely be found in a home due to the size of the fagment.
The sculptures have the same concept when the size is looked at. The sculptures are small in size. The woman of willendorf has a height of five inches and the fragment of servants has a height of three inches even though it is just part of the bigger sculpture. The size may be attributed to the need for portability. The sculptures must have been preferred small in order for the owners to carry easily. Perhaps the cause of this was that the life at the time required nomadic lifestyle. Both of the sculptures depict women who have head gear or braided hair. The women do not wear any clothing to cover their breasts. This goes to show that during that era women did not cover their busts.
The works from the sculpture of the servants draws influence from earlier work such as the woman of welldorf. The similarity in the head gear shown in the sculptures of the servant women is very similar to that shown in the older sculpture of the woman of welldorf. The servants do not have clothes covering their upper torso as one can see in the sculpture of the woman of welldorf. The sculptures do not show emphasis on the presence of the legs. The sculpture of the servants concentrates more on the upper torso and only one of the servants has legs. These legs are bent in the position similar to that of a person kneeling. The woman of welldorf has legs but they are truncated at the knees. The sculptures do not have the ability to stand without support. Thus, it can be said that the sculpture of the servants bears influence from the sculpture of the woman of welldorf.
The two sculptures have the same subject matter. They both represent the appearance of the woman at the time. Both of the sculptors intentionally made the sculptures of female figures. The sculptures are also associated to religion. The woman of welldorf is thought to be a sculpture representing the goddess of fertility at that specific period for that specific community. The sculpture of the servants also represents mortal servants of a god. The fragment missing is thought to be the god Buddha in the Buddhist religion. The fragment of the sculpture shows servants who are entertaining the god. In essence, the purpose for the sculptures is religious. There are similarities in the headgear or the braids on the women’s heads.
The difference in the sculptors’ skill level is clearly improving as the time goes by. The sculptures differ in detail with the fragment of the servants showing greater detail than the woman of welldorf. The sculpture of the servants shows the faces of the women and their facial expressions are clearly visible. Their ornaments such as earings, bracelets and necklaces are clearly visible. Their hands and fingers are also visible. The complexity of the sculpture compared to the woman of welldorf is far greater and this shows that the sculptor had acquired more skill. The woman of welldorf does not exhibit any facial features and the appendages are poorly curved. The body of the female form is largely unproportional with the big breasts and the pelvis taking the attention. The big belly of the sculpture also appears disproportionate.
The difference in the sizes of the women in the two sculptures shows the difference in the two communities or eras in which the sculptures were made. The woman of welldorf appears to be fatty as shown by the big belly. The period in which the sculpture was made is assumed admired the figure. The historians believe that the sculpture was made in a time when the environment was cold and the people with big fat deposits lived more comfortably and were more likely to live longer. However, the women depicted in the fragment of servants show lean bodies. The gods always got the best from their subjects so the historians deduce that at the time this was the most favored figure for a woman. Thus, the time was warm.
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